Big Brother is watching.Down with Big Brother.George Orwell (1903-1949)George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair.Born in British India in 1903.He lived in poverty.Worked as a policeman in Burma and saw cruelty. Later, went to England to live as a writer. Famous for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Politics In our age, there is no such thing as keeping out of politics. All issues are political issues, and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred, and schizophrenia. George Orwell Politics is power it relates to the governance of a country or state, including its individuals. List as many types of political systems as you can (i.e. Democracy):Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Aristocracy, Socialism, Communism, Fascism, Totalitarianism. The Political Spectrum The political spectrum is a system for classifying political systems and ideologies. The Left is considered Liberal the desire to change society; progressive. The Right is considered Conservative the desire to keep society the same or return to traditional values. This originated from the time of the French Revolution, where the aristocracy would sit to the right and the commoners would sit to the left.
Orwell on Politics: Orwell was a socialist and supported the poor and the weak. Socialism is the redistribution of resources (property, wealth) by the government on behalf of the people. **The Great Depression: 1929-World War II** Orwell fought for the Socialists during the Spanish Civil War against the Fascists. Ultimately, Orwell grew disillusioned and distrustful of all political groups of the time. Although some political leaders such Stalin claimed to be Socialist, or to favor the weak, they used their power for their own benefit (as seen in Animal Farm). Politics & Language Orwell lived during the time of Totalitarianism. Totalitarians consolidated their power through a number of means: -- Violence: Secret Police and Terror. -- Language: Propaganda and Misinformation.
1984 Although the totalitarians were seemingly defeated in World War II (Hitler and Mussolini), in the late 1940s Stalins Soviet Union and Communist China displayed many of the traits of totalitarianism. Further, Great Britain and the United States demonstrated some similar traits of totalitarianism. In 1949, Orwell wondered what the world would be like in the year 1984
Nineteen Eighty-Four In 1984, the world is controlled by three warring police states under totalitarianism: -- Oceania (Great Britain and the United States)-- Eurasia (The former Soviet Union and Europe) -- Eastasia (China and the Far East)
Big BrotherBig Brother is the seemingly omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent dictator of Oceania in 1984. The Party uses: secret police (Thought Police), surveillance (Big Brother is watching you), torture, propaganda (the 2-minutes of Hate, Hateweek), misinformation (doublethink), and corrupted language (Newspeak) to control all aspects of ones life.
Literary Devices Orwell uses a number of literary devices to tell his nightmarish version of the future:IronyAppeals (Ethos, Pathos, Logos)Symbolism Mood/Atmosphere and Setting Tone Imagery Point of ViewAllusions GenreDialectic Journal Like Active Reading, a dialectic journal is a means to interact and engage a complex text. Related to Annotation. Using 2-column notes, copy significant quotes from the text (words, phrases, passages) on the left and respond to the right. Include page numbers for quotes. Respond to words, phrases, and passages that are significant (reveals something about the author, subject, or audience) and provide only the most insightful commentary. DJ can be used later to write an analysis essay.
Part One Vocabulary1. Interminable (Adj.)2. Nebulous (Adj.)3. Sanguine (Adj.)4. Inscrutable (Adj.)5. Reproach (N.)6. Repudiate (V.)7. Statuesque (Adj.)8. Proletarian (N.)9. Rectify (V.)10. Superseded (V.)11. Saboteurs (N.)12. Strident (Adj.)13. Vapid (Adj.)14. Impregnable (Adj.)15. Defection (V.)16. Ideology (N.)17. Indoctrinate (V.)18. Relics (N.)19. Lackey (N.)20. Nostalgia (N.)
Part One Vocabulary1. Interminable-never ending, ceaseless2. nebulous-vague, unclear3. sanguine-ruddy, reddish4. inscrutable-mysterious5. reproach-disapproval6. repudiate-refuse to acknowledge or accept7. statuesque-tall and shapely8. proletarian-a member of the working class; an industrial worker9. rectify-correct, fix10. superseded-replaced11. saboteurs-people who sabotage; those who deliberately destroy things belonging to their enemies. 12. strident-grating, nerve-wracking13. vapid-dull, lacking in zest14. impregnable-not capable of being conquered15. defection-to leave one cause or belief to take up another16. ideology-a group of ideas and beliefs that are held by a political or social group17. indoctrinate-to teach the beliefs of a specific group18. relics-souvenirs; items used to remember the past19. lackey-servant20. nostalgia-a warm emotional feeling for a time that has passed
Literary Analysis #1: 1984Choose one important passage or chapter from 1984 and perform a literary analysis identify two or more literary elements and explain how each contributes to a central theme(s) in the novel. Elements to consider: Irony, Appeals (Ethos, Pathos, Logos), Symbolism, Mood/Atmosphere/Setting, Tone, Imagery, Point of View, Allusions and Genre. The analysis should be 4-6 paragraphs and contain: an introduction to the topic/novel; a strong thesis statement; clear topic sentences; details; quotes/evidence from the novel; thorough explanations of points; and a succinct conclusion. If typed, used MLA format.
Part Two Vocabulary1. Contrived (V.)2. Queue (N.)3. Abreast (Adj.)4. Alighted (Adj.)5. Daunted (Adj.)6. Denounce (V.)7. Incredulity (N.)8. Obeisance (N.)9. Virtuosity (N.)10. Enunciating (Adj.)11. Infallible (Adj.)12. Inquisitive (Adj.)13. Effigy (N.)14. Embellishing (Adj.)15. Avert (V.)16. Despise (V.)17. Feeble (Adj.)18. Inert (Adj.)19. Pilfering (Adj.)20. Remonstrance (N.)Part Two Vocabulary1. Contrived-planned2. Queue-a line of people3. Abreast-side-by-side4. Alighted-perched5. Daunted-intimidated6. Denounce-to publicly accuse someone of wrongdoing7. Incredulity-disbelief8. Obeisance-respect9. Virtuosity-extraordinary skill10. Enunciating-speaking very clearly and concisely11. Infallible-incapable of making a mistake12. Inquisitive-curious13. Effigy-a representation of a person who is hated14. Embellishing-adding details to15. Avert-to turn away16. Despise-to hate with a passion17. Feeble-weak, frail18. Inert-sluggish, not active19. Pilfering-stealing20. Remonstrance-protestPart Three Vocabulary1. Demeanor (N.)2. Emaciation (N.)3. Forbearance (N.)4. Insidious (Adj.)5. Lethargy (N.)6. Perturbed (Adj.)7. Sanctimonious (Adj.)8. Admonished (Adj.)9. Cauterized (Adj.)10. Disquieting (Adj.) 11. Sporadically (Adv.)12. Vile (Adj.)13. Capitulated (Adj.)14. Frivolity (N.)15. Infer (V.)16. Contemptible (Adj.)17. Evade (V.)18. Fallacy (N.)19. Insurrection (N.)20. Malleable (Adj.)Part Three Vocabulary1. Demeanor-conduct2. Emaciation-the state of being extremely thin, almost to the point of starvation3. Forbearance-patience4. Insidious-sly5. Lethargy-the state of being lazy, slow, or drowsy6. Perturbed-upset7. Sanctimonious-hypocritically pious8. Admonished-reprimanded9. Cauterized-burned to prevent infection10. Disquieting-unsettling, disturbing11. Sporadically-occasionally12. Vile-foul; physically repulsive13. Capitulated-stopped resisting14. Frivolity-a trivial act that lacks seriousness15. Infer-guess or suggest16. Contemptible-deserving to be despised17. Evade-avoid18. Fallacy-a false or mistaken idea19. Insurrection-an act of revolting against authority20. Malleable-capable of being shapedFuture World Project Written in 1949, the novel 1984 is George Orwells projection of the future world.In groups of 3-4 students, imagine what the world will look like in the year 2050. You will present your vision to the class. Your projection of the future should be based on trends and evidence based in the present and also the past (history often repeats itself). Use evidence gathered from multiple sources (at least four) to defend your groups position. Future World Project Groups will be graded based on:1. Content Information regarding the future world must be supported by reasoning and evidence from the present and/or past. More than three sources must be cited. 2. Visual Aid Groups must incorporate a visual aid poster, Power Point, video, graphs, etc. to help the audience understand the information presented. 3. Presentation The presentation must be 3-5 minutes in length. Students will also be graded on eye contact, (voice) projection, and posture/comfort level. 4. Teamwork All students must participate equally in the project. All students are expected to speak during the presentation and no one student should be dominating the project.
1984 Individual Projects1. Write a 2-3 page sequel or prequel to Nineteen Eighty-Four. Include narrative and dialogue. 2. Write a 10-line Found Poem based around an important theme/concept in Nineteen Eighty-Four. 3. Create an artful collage of important quotes from Nineteen Eighty-Four. It must include at least five quotes and color and/or illustrations. 4. Create a Graphic Novel version of an important scene from Nineteen Eighty-Four. It must include at least four panels, color, dialogue, and action. 5. Create an artful poster (at least 4 X 2) illustrating important characters, settings or themes from Nineteen Eighty-Four. Also include color/detail and at least one important quote.