Astronomical Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland IGS Analysis Center Workshop June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL AIUB Astronomical Institute University of.

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  • Slide 1
  • Astronomical Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland IGS Analysis Center Workshop June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL AIUB Astronomical Institute University of Bern The RINEX format: Current status, future developments Werner Gurtner
  • Slide 2
  • AIUB Slide 2 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Current Status Version 2.11 currently used by the geodetic community Version 3.00 used as official exchange format by the Galileo-related institutions (e.g., GGSP) Version 2.20 was developed for the IGS LEO project, contains some additional features for the tracking of GPS-equipped LEO satellites: MARKER TYPE CENTER OF MASS in body-fixed coordinates ANTENNA: Position in body-fixed coordinates, boresight OBS SCALE FACTOR Special code for L1(C/A): "LA"
  • Slide 3
  • AIUB Slide 3 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Identified Problems: Version 2.11 Observation codes cannot distinguish between L2(P) and L2(L2C) Problem because of -cycle phase shift of L2(L2C) w/r to L2(P) If L2C- and P-code derived L2 phases are combined in an analysis, ambiguity-resolution can be jeopardized, if these phase shifts are not taken into account Need some agreement for 2.11 how to handle this
  • Slide 4
  • AIUB Slide 4 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL -cycle phase shift of L2(L2C) w/r to L2(P) Possible phase shifts of phases based on the various tracking modes of modern signals I channel (pilot channel) Q channel (data channel) Combination of the two E5a, E5b, combination of the two BOC versus MBOC on the same frequency (E1) Need additional code for MBOC-tracked E1 Many receivers will continue to track BOC High-end receivers might track MBOC (more complex, but better performance) Identified Problems: Version 3.0
  • Slide 5
  • AIUB Slide 5 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Controversial Discussion Should all phases be shifted to a common reference, if necessary, before generating RINEX files? or Should all phase observations be stored in the "original" state and leave the task to do the necessary corrections to the user? E-Mail discussion in "RINEX group" (distribution list of ~45 addresses): http://www.aiub.unibe.ch/download/rinex/L2C/
  • Slide 6
  • AIUB Slide 6 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Phase corrections: Pros The receiver knows what it is doing, i.e. it knows its tracking mode. It can do the corrections to an accepted standard The manufacturer-provided RINEX converter knows what the receiver did store in the proprietory format: The converter can do the corrections The user does not have to deal with these corrections. He can freely mix observables without having to bother with corrections. No changes to many existing programs Keep things simple for the user. Modern GNSS signals will be complicated enough to deal with If the receiver just stores what comes out of its tracking loops: Is it sure that this phase really follows the general assumptions?
  • Slide 7
  • AIUB Slide 7 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Phase corrections: Cons RINEX philosophy till now: No "external" corrections to the data Are we sure that the corrections have been applied correctly? Or applied at all? How to apply a priori corrections if the RINEX converter does not know the tracking mode or the signal-generation mode of the satellite ("flex power")? Same problem, of course, holds for the users! Flex power will not generate phase shifts (statement in recent presentation in Los Angeles) Who is setting the standards? What happens with the existing data?
  • Slide 8
  • AIUB Slide 8 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Phase corrections: Current status Trimble: Shifts L2(L2C) by cycle Correction procedure for all currently tracked signals available Leica/Novatel Probably no corrections to L2C for the time being Septentrio Currently no corrections for RINEX 3.0 Proposes to correct to standard RTCM: Discussions under way. Probably going for a standard Geo++ Proposes to store unchanged phases into RINEX
  • Slide 9
  • AIUB Slide 9 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Some Facts No corrections are necessary for a specific receiver/station if only one tracking mode per frequency for all satellites It's not important if all phases observed by a receiver in mode A are aligned to mode B or if all phases of mode B are aligned to mode A Double-difference processing (ambiguity resolution OK) Zero-difference processing (ambiguity resolution OK, if possible...) PPP If one decides to apply corrections, do them either to a commonly accepted, general standard or to a "receiver-internal standard" in case of mixed modes
  • Slide 10
  • AIUB Slide 10 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Decision Should be taken by the RINEX group in the very next future Comments to gurtner@aiub.unibe.chgurtner@aiub.unibe.ch Hopefully in agreement with RTCM
  • Slide 11
  • AIUB Slide 11 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Future of RINEX Currently: Discussions and decisions mainly in the RINEX group, often driven by requests and experiences by IGS Do we need a formal "RINEX body"?
  • Slide 12
  • AIUB Slide 12 Astronomical Institute University of Bern IGS Analysis Center Workshop, June 2-6, 2008, Miami FL Discussions in IGS Transition from Version 2.11 to Version 3.0 Yes or no If yes: When? How to organize? Are there converters around? Dependence on teqc: 90 percent of all IGS RINEX files generated by teqc If no: Stick to 2.11? Improve 2.11? Transition to something else? How to deal with Galileo and modern GPS signals?