# Photography 101

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• P H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1L U N C H & L E A R N

• E X P O S U R EP H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1

• E L E M E N T S O F E X P O S U R E3

Shutter Speed

Aperture

ISO

• E L E M E N T S O F E X P O S U R E3

Shutter Speed

Aperture

ISO

Its represented as a triangle because if you change 1 setting, the others will need to be compensated

• Thats a lot of numbers!

• S H U T T E R S P E E DP H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1

• S H U T T E R S P E E D

The length of time the shutter is open

Do you want to show motion or stop time?

• S H U T T E R S P E E D

The length of time the shutter is open

Do you want to show motion or stop time?

The difference can be tenths of a second!

• 1/2 sec

• 1/2 sec21 seconds

• 12 seconds 1/20 sec

• 1/125 sec

• 1/125 sec15 seconds

• 1/400 sec

• 1/400 sec

• 3 seconds 1/4000 sec

1/500 sec

• 1/500 sec

3 seconds

10 seconds

• A P E R T U R EP H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1

• A P E R T U R E

Amount of light let into the camera

Do you want a single object in focus or an entire scene?

• A P E R T U R E

Amount of light let into the camera

Do you want a single object in focus or an entire scene?

Think of a window. The larger the window, the more light gets through and the room is brighter.

• f/22

• f/22f/4

• f/2.8

• f/2.8f/22

• f/8

• f/8f/2.5

• f/16f/2.8

• f/1.4f/4.5

f/8

• f/4.5

f/16

f/4.8

• I S OP H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1

• I S O

Sensitivity to light

The higher the ISO number the quicker the sensor reacts to light.

How much light is available? Is it night or are you inside?

• I S O

Sensitivity to light

The higher the ISO number the quicker the sensor reacts to light.

How much light is available? Is it night or are you inside?

In the old days this was film speed.

• ISO 100

• ISO 100ISO 3200

• ISO 1600

• ISO 1600ISO 100

• ISO 100 ISO 1600

• ISO 400

• ISO 400ISO 20000

• Each has to be compensated.

Depends on: Lighting, Lens, Subject, Artistic Choice

• E L E M E N T S O F E X P O S U R E3

Shutter Speed

Controls the duration of how much light is allowed to reach the sensor

Aperture

Controls the amount of light going into the camera

ISO

Controls the sensitivity of your cameras sensor to light

By changing 1 setting, the others will be affected

• S U N TA N N I N G

Time laying out = Shutter Speed

Longer = Tan

Too long = Over Exposed

Sunscreen = Aperture

Blocks the sun at different rates (depending on SPF)

some people are more sensitive than others

• A D D I T I O N A L F U N

• Different Lenses & Focal Lengths

200mm

• Different Lenses & Focal Lengths

200mm15mm

• Different Lenses & Focal Lengths

200mm15mm38mm

• Forced Perspective

• Forced Perspective

• Forced Perspective

http://www.instantshift.com/2011/11/03/99-excellent-examples-of-

forced-perspective-photography/

• G E T S N A P P I N G !P H O T O G R A P H Y 1 0 1

• F O R M O R E :

A L I C I A M I L L A N E . C O M

A L L I M A G E S A L I C I A M I L L A N E P H O T O G R A P H Y

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