Photography 101 basics

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  • 1. Photography 101 Basics of hardware

2. 3. Types of digital cameras Webcams/phone cams Point and shoot Intermediate Advanced Consumer Prosumer dSLR Professional dSLR 4. Camera lenses Wideangle zoom Standard Superzoom Telephoto zoom Macro Fisheye 5. Wideangle zoom lens A wideangle digital camera lens typically covers a focal range from around 12-24mm or 16- 35mm, and allows you to fit landscape scenes, architecture or anything else where you need a wide angle of view. 6. Standard lens The standard digital camera lens offers a focal length of around 50mm, which translates to around 75mm on many DSLRs. As such, a 50mm camera lens lends itself perfectly to portraiture, particularly as such lenses often offer wide maximum apertures to create shallow depth of field. 7. Superzoom lens Superzoom digital camera lenses are a popular choice for keeping on your camera, as they span a wide focal range, from wideangle right through to telephoto. Typically this will begin at around 28mm and culminate at close to 270 or 300mm. 8. Telephoto zoom lens A telephoto digital camera lens gets you closer to the action, and so is ideal for sports and wildlife where you may need to keep your distance. These can either been prime or zoom lenses, and usually cover a focal range of between 100mm to 400mm. 9. Macro lens Macro lenses can focus closer to your subject than a conventional lens allows, which allow you to capture plenty of intricate details. 10. Fisheye lenses Fisheye lenses offer an exceptionally wide angle of view but are purposefully distorted to create the fisheye effect. They come in two different varieties: full-frame and circular, which respectively capture an image to fill the whole frame and a circular image contained within the frame. 11. Pixels What are pixels? The word "pixel" means a picture element. Every photograph, in digital form, is made up of pixels. They are the smallest unit of information that makes up a picture. Usually round or square, they are typically arranged in a 2-dimensional grid. In the next image, one portion has been magnified many times over so that you can see its individual composition in pixels. As you can see, the pixels approximate the actual image. The more pixels you have, the more closely the image resembles the original. 12. For more information, visit http://www.ultimate- 13. Terminology F-NUMBERS: A series of numbers designating the apertures, or openings at which a lens is set. The higher the number, the narrower the aperture. For example, f/16 is narrower (by one stop) than f/11--it lets in half as much light. An f-number range might be f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11...To find the next aperture in a narrowing series, multiply by 1.4. F-numbers are arrived at by dividing the diameter of the opening into the focal length of the lens, thus a 10mm diameter opening on a 110mm lens is f/11. Alternately used with f-stops. 14. Setting the Right F-Stop for Your Digital Photo Use an almost-wide-open f-stop to boost sharpness. Adjust your depth of field by moving f-stops. Avoid too-small f-stops. 15. A prefix on film speed ratings that stands for International Standards Organization, the group that standardizes, among other things, the figures that define the relative speed of films. 16. DSLR Basics 17. What makes a good photograph? 18. Composition Rule of Thirds The rule of thirds is the simplest rule of composition. All you do is take your frame and overlay a grid of nine equal sections. This means you split the vertical space into three parts and the horizontal space into three parts. 19. Perspective Photographing your subject straight-on is sometimes the right choice, but you can create visual impact by moving the camera left, right, above, and below. 20. Light Manual settings Natural light Indoor lighting Consider all options! 21. FOCUS Auto focus Focus Points 22. Location Indoor Outdoor Landscape mode? Portrait mode? Frame the image 23. Size of subjects Consider settings Lens type Tiny? Giant? 24. Considerations Skin tones Hair and makeup Eyeglasses/sunglasses Other details? 25. Uploading and Emailing Images 26. Tagging and Descriptions Tags are Subject headings (flickr) Tagging someone (Facebook) - considerations Image descriptions, titles, etc. 27. Emailing images Consider image size Make a call to confirm Only send 2-3 images per email Best option: upload to site and share URL via email NOTE: you can share photo albums from Facebook to those not on Facebook! 28. Thank you! Dr. Curtis R. Rogers Communications Director 803-734-8928 Pamela Hoppock Library Development Consultant 803-734-8646