Pearl harbor

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  • 1. A date which will live in infamyByAndrew ArnoldPEARL HARBOR

2. LOCATION & BACKGROUND Pearl Harbor is an American naval basewhich is located off of the southern coast ofHonolulu ,Hawaii, which is on the island ofOahu. Pearl Harbor was previously not allowed tobe used by large ships, because its watersare extremely shallow, and old ships were tobig and bulky to be able to be docked in theharbor. 3. THE HARBORThis is a picture of Pearl Harbor from the view of a Japanese Plane.(note, Battleship Row) 4. PLAN OF ATTACK The Japanese attack was designed to be astealthy attack on American ships, particularlyaircraft carriers. The attack was planned by Japanese AdmiralYammamoto, who was also in charge of manyJapanese military operations due to his naturalskill which he possessed in the area of militaryskill and planning. The Actual attack force which the Japanesehad was under the command of AdmiralNagumo during the attack. 5. PLAN OF ATTACK (CONT.) The Attack was planned, and took place, on December 7th, 1941. At 6 a.m. the first Japanese attack wave of 83 planes took off The places which the Japanese wanted to hit, were the Americanaircraft carriers, which were the primary tool which ruled thesea. The Japanese were so bent on taking these out because thesecarriers housed American Airplanes which were the most effectivemeans of fighting at sea. The Japanese were aiming to hit the area on Pearl Harbor knownas Battleship Row. Battleship Row was the area where the line of American Shipswere lined up. 6. This was the route that the Japanese Decided to take, it consisted ofhigh level Bombers, Torpedo Planes, and Dive bombers. 7. PLAN OF ATTACK (CONT.) Three prime targets escaped damage, theU.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers, theLexington, Enterprise and Saratoga. Theywere not in the port when the attack tookplace. Another target, the base fuel tanks alsoescaped damage. 8. DECEMBER 7TH 1941This is a photo of the attack, which was taken by a onsite navalphotographer. 9. THE ATTACK The attack took place on a sunny Sundaymorning. A minimal contingent of soldiers wereon duty at the time. Most offices on the basewere closed and many servicemen were onleave for the weekend. Newtechnology, including the new radar mounted onOpana Point, were in place, manned andfunctioning at the time of the attack. The Americans that were at the naval base hadactually seen the Japanese planes on radar, butfor some reason had thought nothing of it. 10. THE ATTACK Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, was attacked by Japanese torpedoand bomber planes on December 7, 1941, at 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time. Thesneak attack sparked outrage in the American populace, newsmedia, government and the world. At 6 a.m. the first Japanese attack wave of 83 planes took off. Japanese force consisted of six carriers with 423 planes. All of the planes on the Japanese ships were fully fueled and armed. The Japanese planes took off about 90 minutes from Pearl Harbor Then the planes flew over, they dropped shallow water torpedoes intothe harbor, which had to be specially designed because of theshallowness of the harbor. 11. THE ATTACK U.S. officials had been aware that an attack by Japan wasprobable, but did not know the time or place it would occur. Pearl Harbor was not in the state of high alert when the attackstarted, Anti-Aircraft guns were left unmanned. The Americans were taken completely by surprise. The main targets for the first wave was the airfield andbattleships. The second wave targets were other ships and shipyard facilities. The air raid lasted until about 9:45 a.m. 12. STATISTICS Japanese force consisted of six carriers with423 planes Casualties included 2,335 servicemen and68 civilians (Approx.) 1178 people were wounded The Japanese fleet had 30 ships. 13. AMERICA JAPAN Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen The two main ships that The Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen, or simply theMitsubishi, were single-seat fighters used inwere hit were the USS the first attack wave on Pearl Harborsships. The plane was also used as aArizona, and the USSbomber, with a 132-pound bomb under eachwing. At the time of its creation, theOklahoma. Mitsubishi was considered the best of allJapanese aircraft Aichi D3A The Aichi D3A airplanes were dive bombersand the principal planes of the Pearl Harborattack. The Aichi aircraft manufacturingcompany first conceived this airplane modelin 1936, and the Allies referred to the modelas "Val." The plane carried one 550-poundbomb under the fuselage or two 130-poundbombs under each wing. The plane carriedboth a pilot and a gunner.PLANES USED/SHIPS SUNK 14. FDRS WORDS 74fsE