Surgical infections Control

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Text of Surgical infections Control

  • 1. SURGICAL INFECTIONS By Dr. Ahmed Mustafa
  • 2. SURGICAL INFECTIONS
    • Infections that require surgical treatment or
    • related to operative interventions
  • 3. SURGICAL INFECTIONS
    • Infections required surgical treatment
    • Necrotizing soft tissue infections
    • Infections of body cavities (peritonitis, empyema, etc.)
    • Infections confined to an organ or tissue (abscesses, septic arthritis, cholecystitis, etc)
    • Prosthetic device infections
  • 4. SURGICAL INFECTIONS
    • INFECTIONS RELATED TO OPERATIVE INTERVENTION
    • Wound infections - Surgical site infections
    • Postoperative infections
    • (peritonitis or other cavity infections)
    • Surgical nosocomial infections
    • (pneumonia, urinary tract infections, catheter infections)
  • 5. NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS
    • Occurs after the initial 48 hours of admission
    • Urinary tract infection
    • (IV) Catheter-related infection
    • Lower respiratory tract infection
    • Infection via transfusion
    • Bacteriemia and Sepsis
  • 6. PATHOGENESIS
    • DETERMINANTS OF INFECTIONS
    • Microorganism
    • Host Defenses
    • (virulance) (type&severity of immunosupression)
    • INFECTION Environment
    • (Fluids, foreign bodies, a closed unperfused space etc.)
  • 7. Infectious agent
    • The Endogenous Gastrointestinal Microflora
    • Stomach
    • Duodenum Aerobes and anaerobes
    • Proximal small bowel