Grief & loss

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    13-May-2015

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  • 1.What is Grief & LossMyths and FactsChild GrievingAbout Grief & Loss Help For Grieving ChildrenGlobal Grieving &Loss Adult GrievingTheories of TheHelp For Grieving AdultsGrieving Process Elderly GrievingTypes of Losses Help For Grieving ElderlySigns & SymptomsWorkplace GriefDeath At SchoolOther Interventions & TreatmentsReferences

2. What is Grief?Grief is a natural response to a loss. Grief is various emotions and reactions that a persons feels when experience loss in their lives.Emotions may range from shock, anger,guilt,ordepression.What is Loss?Loss of a job Loss of healthLoss of dreams to succeedLoss of a loved one/ a petLoss of relationship/friendshipLoss of safety , after a traumatic event 3. Myth: The pain will go away if you ignore it.Fact: Trying to ignore the emotions, or denying the natural feelings of griefwill only make it worse later on . 4. Global Grief & LossAfrican Americans: The process of grief includes singing ,poetry readings, and aeulogy spoken. The deceased is viewed in church before the burial in the cemetery.Prayers, black clothing as well as decreased social activities.Muslim Americans: They do not permit cremation, and follow steps of the burialprocedure: with the washing of the body( by a Muslim of the same gender),dressingand positioning of the body for viewing.Chinese American: They have strict traditions for announcingdeath, preparing the body, arranging the funeral and burial, as well asmourning after the burial. Burning incense, reading scripture, and meditatingbefore a shrine. For 1 year after the death, the family may place bowls offood at the table for the deceased.Orthodox Jewish Americans: It is custom for a relative to stay with the dying personso that the soul does not leave the body while the person is alone. To leave the bodyalone after death is disrespectful. The eyes should be closed, and the body remainscovered with a sheet until family. A rabbi, or a Jewish undertaker can begin rites.Organ donation is permitted, autopsy is not. Burial must be within 24 hours unlessdelayed by a Sabbath. 5. Theories of The Grieving ProcessTheories Of Grieving There are numerous theories on how an individual goes through each stage of the grieving process. We will take a look at some of the different views of the stages. Elisabeth Kubler -Rosss Model of the five stages of the grieving process is as follows: 1.) Denial - is shock and disbelief regarding the loss 2.) Anger may be expressed toward God, relatives, friends or health care providers. 3.) Bargaining occurs when the person ask God or fate for more time to delay the inevitable loss. 4.) Depression results when awareness of the loss becomes acute. 5.) Acceptance is when the person shows evidence of coming to terms with the loss 6. John Harvey has different thoughts to the stages of grieving. There are as follows: 1.) Shock, outcry and 2.) Intrusion ofTheories Of Grieving denialthoughts, distractions, and obsessive3.) Confiding in others as reviewto emote and toa way of the loss.cognitively restructure an account of the loss Rodebaugh and colleagues also summarized the stages of grieving. They state that those stages are : 1.) Reeling - the person feels shock , disbelief or denial 2.) Feeling - The person experiences anguish, guilt, profound sadness, sleep troubles, appetite changes, fatigue and general physical discomfort 3.) Dealing - The person begins to adapt to the lossby engaging in support groups, grief therapy, reading.And spiritual guidance.4.) Healing The person integrates the loss as a partof their lives. Healing does not imply , however, thatthe person has forgotten or accepted the loss. 7. Signs And Symptoms Physical Effect overtiredness, change in appetite , weight gain or weight loss, loss of strength, headaches, shortness of breath, aching of the arms, restlessness, and vision trouble. Emotional and /or Psychological Effect-Denial anger, resentment, bitterness, confusion with time, feelings of hopelessness, fear, sadness, irritability , and mood swings.Spiritual Effects Despair, shattered faith, anger atGod/institutions, spiritual confusion, and searching formeaning /purpose. Social Effects Withdrawal from social activities /events, isolation, reassessment of friends/ activites, and energy depletion. 8. Although grief is associated with adults , children experiences grief as well. Childrenmay show grief emotions in different ways then adults ,but the process stays thesame.The following are some examples of the various age groups and the feeling that griefbestows upon children.Children under 2 years old : When an individual, who is the main caregiver for a baby, is gone , the baby mayreact to the changes that are in its surroundings long before thy are able to talk.A stuble understanding of death is shown when a toddler sees a dead frog or bird.The depth of death is not fully realized; such as the dead frog or bird wont get upever again or that it cannot feel anything.Children 2-5 years :When a death occurs, be straightforward with the child. Telling the child that theperson is gone to sleep or gone away may cause misunderstanding as well asconfusion later on .Childrens limited understanding of death may cause a child to have difficultyexpressing emotions. 9. Child Grieving 10. Adult grieving is a private experience. It takes place in the head and mind of an individual. It is like fingerprints- everyone is unique in the ways that grief is expressed and experienced.Adult Grieving 11. Help For Grieving Adults Dont let anyone, including yourself, tell you how you should feel 12. Older adults are more likely to become physically ill after experiencing a major loss. They may already have long-term physical illnesses or other conditions that interfereElderly Grieving with their ability to grieve. The symptoms of these illnesses may become worse when they are grieving. Some older adults may develop unresolved grief or complications associated with grieving. This may occur more often in older adults because they are more likely to experience: Many major losses within a short period of time. The death of their friends, including their spouses. Older adults who lose their spouses may suffer many losses, including financial security, their best friend, and their social contacts. Losses that occur as a part of the natural aging process, such as loss of beauty and physical strength. Loss of their independence or the development of illness and other conditions that are common in older adults. Anticipation of losing someone or something special to them. In addition, some older adults need more time than other people to adjust to change. Adjusting to change may be hard for them and cause them added emotional stress. 13. Support for the elderly are as follows :Help for grieving elderly 14. Death At School 15. Death At School 16. Although grief is common ,we do not relate it to a workplace event. GriefDeath At The Workplace does not disappear when we enter the workplace. A grieving employee/employer can have an impact on the whole workplace community. It can have an effect on the morale to decreased productivity loss. A way of helping to reduce the emotional cost and the monetary cost is through education in relation to both the employee as well as the employer. 17. Other Interventions And TreatmentsPharmacotherapy Touch TherapySocial Support Group Therapy Support GroupsHypnotherapy Behavioral Therapy Interpersonal Therapy HomeopathyCognitive- behavioral therapy 18. Here are some resources that may be of help for an individual to turn to when in need .Canadas Grief Resource centre http://www.robertspress.caHelpful ResourcesGrief Support Services http://www.griefsupportservices.orgFacing and Dealing withBereavementhttp://www.facingbereavement.co.uk/home.htmGuiding Kids Thru Lifes Storms- http://www.rainbows.ca/resources.aspxSeasons For Grieving Children- http://www.grieving children.com/The Compassionate Friends of Canada Youth Grief Resources http://www.tcfcanada.netCanadian Hospice Palliative Care- http://www.chpa.net/home.htmlSupport For Widows and Widowers- http://www.newhope-grief.org/Canadian Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths-http://www.sidscanada.org/Bereavement Ontario Network- http://www.bereavementontarionetwork.ca/ 19. Books About Grief 20. http://www.statechaplaincyboard.com http://www.palmdalegroup.com.au/ http://www.helpguide.org http://www.thehealingplaceeinfo.org http://www.workplacegrief.orgReferences http://kellevison.com http://www.fdanz.org http://www.bbc.co.uk http://www.bereavementontarionetwork.ca http://www.foh.dhhs.gov http://www.youtube.com http://www.googlebooks.com