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Grief and Loss. The grieving process. Grief – express deep sadness because of loss. 5 stages of grieving process Denial: gives you a chance to think Anger: normal (anger management) Bargaining: promise to change Depression: short term is normal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
GRIEF AND LOSS
THE GRIEVING PROCESS
5 stages of grieving process Denial: gives you a chance to think Anger: normal (anger management) Bargaining: promise to change Depression: short term is normal Acceptance: learn how to live with
Grief – express deep sadness because of loss
FUNERALS, WAKES, AND MEMORIAL SERVICES
Purpose: Help the family get through the grieving process.
Wake – view or watch over deceased person before funeral.
Funeral – ceremony in which deceased person is buried.
Memorial Service – ceremony to remember the deceased.
WHAT ARE SOME DIFFERENT THINGS
YOU’VE SEEN AT FUNERALS OR MEMORIALS?
COPING WITH LOSS
Headaches, stomachaches, increased blood pressure, irritability, interrupted sleep,
confusion, inability concentrating, stress related illness.
What are some physical and emotional effects of
HELP FOR DEALING
WITH LOSSHelping yourself Get plenty of
rest/relaxation and stick to any normal routine
Share memories Express your feelings Don’t blame yourself Connect with supportive,
Helping others Show your support through
simple actions Let the person know you are
there for him/her Tell the person they are
strong and will learn to live with the loss
Listen attentively without judgment
Encourage professional help if needed
SUICIDE AND NON-SUICIDAL SELF-INJURY (NSSI)
A PERMANENT SOLUTION TO A TEMPORARY
PROBLEM. Definition: the act
of intentionally taking one’s life
Why is suicide an uncomfortable topic?
What are some myths or facts about suicide?
Words that warn:“I wish I were dead.”
“I just want to go to sleep & never wake up.”
“I won’t be a problem for you much longer.”
“I can’t take it anymore.”
“This pain will be over soon.”
FACTS ABOUT SUICIDE
Many people who consider suicide only do so for a brief period in their life
Most people who have attempted and failed are usually grateful to be alive
Suicide could have many warning signs – however, sometimes there are few signs
Use of drugs/alcohol can put people at risk because of impaired judgment
FACTS ABOUT SUICIDE CONT.
3rd leading cause of death for ages 15 – 24
Depression and bipolar disorder are major risk factors.
Stressful life events and low levels of communication with parents are also significant risk factors.
More women attempt suicide and more men complete suicide. In 2010, males aged 15-19 were 4X more likely to complete suicide than females.
KEEP IN MIND! It should be noted that some people who die by
suicide do not show any suicide warning signs. But, about 75 percent of those who die by suicide
do exhibit some warning signs, so being aware of these warning signs means we will be more able to assist a loved one in need.
If you do see someone exhibiting warning signs of suicide, you need to do everything you can to help them, which often includes connecting them with professional help.
WARNING SIGNS FOR
SUICIDE Feeling hopeless Withdrawing from family and friends; isolating Neglecting basic needs Experiencing loss of energy Taking more risks Using alcohol and drugs Giving away personal things
GIVING AND GETTING HELP
Take all talk of suicide seriously Tell your friend you are concerned
about them Help your friend identify 1-2 adults to
talk to (i.e. parent, counselor), and offer to go with them if they’re nervous
Don’t keep concern for a friend’s safety a secret – don’t promise to keep secrets when one’s safety is involved
Characteristic Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Suicide Attempt
Intent/Purpose for Behavior • To temporarily escape from psychological distress.
• To create change in self or environment.
• To permanently terminate consciousness/end of life.
• To escape unbearable psychological pain.
Severity/Lethality of Method Use Low High
Behavior Frequency High, sometimes more than 100 episodes. Often chronic and repetitive.
Low typically 1 to 3 episodes.
Number of Methods Used Multiple methods used across episodes.
Single method used across episodes.
Cognitive State During Self-harm • Distressed yet hopeful. • Difficulty implementing adaptive
• Hopeless/Helpless.• Inability to problem solve.
• Intrapersonally • Sense of relief, calm. • Temporarily reduced distress.
• Frustration, disappointment. • Increased distress.
• Interpersonally • Rejection, criticism from others. • Other express care and concern.
DIFFERENTIATING NSSI AND SUICIDE ATTEMPTS