- 1.REVIEW DOES LITERARY TERMS
2. THEME 3. THEME: DEFINED The message a text sends to the reader A main idea What the author says about a topic. NOTE: Themes are complete sentences. 4. True love conquers all is the main theme of Sleeping Beauty. EXAMPLE 5. SYMBOL 6. SYMBOL: DEFINED An object, character, figure, or color that is used to represent an abstract idea or concept. 7. Dumbos magic feather represents courage and self- confidence. Once he truly believes in himself, he no longer needs it as a psychological crutch. EXAMPLE 8. ALLEGORY 9. ALLEGORY: DEFINED Everything in the story is symbolic 10. This movie about a colony of ants is said to be an allegory referring to American society. EXAMPLE 11. DRAMATIC IRONY 12. DRAMATIC IRONY: DEFINED occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the literary work. 13. Throughout most of The Lion King, Simba mopes around feeling guilty for his fathers death, unaware (as the audience is) that Scar actually killed Mufasa. EXAMPLE 14. Snow White is unaware that the luscious apple is poisoned, but the audience is aware. EXAMPLE 15. SITUATIONAL IRONY 16. ELEMENT: DEFINED a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected. In other words, the expected outcome does not happen. 17. Mother Gothel thought she would keep Rapunzel all to herself but never considered that she might want to leave herself one day. EXAMPLE 18. Aladdin thought that Jasmine would be enamored by his riches, but she is repulsed by them. 19. Woody puts himself in the box of toys to be given away at the end of Toy Story 3, after he spent the whole movie trying to stay with Andy. EXAMPLE 20. VERBAL IRONY 21. VERBAL IRONY: DEFINED a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning. Usually achieved through sarcasm 22. Sarcasm is usually what makes the scene funny, and Mike is being sarcastic when he said he always wanted a pet that could kill him. EXAMPLE 23. FOIL 24. FOIL: DEFINED a character who illuminates the qualities of another character by means of contrast. 25. Gastons combination of good looks and terrible personality emphasizes Beasts tragic situation. The former is a monster trapped inside a man; the latter a man trapped inside a monster. EXAMPLE 26. Hans is a foil to Kristoff. EXAMPLE 27. PROTAGONIST 28. PROTAGONIST: DEFINED The main character of a story 29. Ariel is the protagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE 30. ANTAGONIST 31. ANTAGONIST: DEFINED The force that is working against the protagonist in a story 32. Ursula is the antagonist in The Little Mermaid. EXAMPLE 33. ALLUSION 34. ALLUSION: DEFINED A brief reference in a literary work to a person, place, thing, or passage in another literary work, usually for the purpose of associating the tone or theme of the one work with the other. 35. In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the gargoyle Laverne tells a flock of pigeons to Fly my pretties! Fly, Fly! la the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz. EXAMPLE 36. FORESHADOWING 37. FORESHADOWING: DEFINED warning or indication of a future event. 38. Before shes fatally shot by a hunter (and millions of childhoods are scarred), Bambis mother gives Bambi a stern lecture on the dangers of man. EXAMPLE 39. When Elsa strikes Annas head with ice during their childhood, it foreshadows when Elsa strikes Annas heart later in the film. EXAMPLE 40. FLASHBACK 41. FLASHBACK: DEFINED A scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point 42. When Jesse thinks back on her relationship with Emily growing up, its a flashback. EXAMPLE http://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=px 0j1EHF8Y0 43. MOOD 44. MOOD: DEFINED atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience. 45. Fantasia frequently uses music and setting to drastically shift the mood from light and playful to dark and foreboding. EXAMPLE 46. Olafs song about a snowman in summer creates a _______ mood in the audience. EXAMPLE 47. EXPOSITION 48. EXPOSITION: DEFINED The portion of a story that introduces important background information to the audience for example, information about the setting, events occurring before the main plot, characters backstories, etc. 49. At the beginning of Robin Hood, the rooster Alan-a-Dale describes how Robin Hood has been robbing from the rich to give to Nottinghams poor. EXAMPLE 50. CONFLICT 51. CONFLICT: DEFINED A struggle or problem between a character and another force in the story 52. When Shere Khan the man-eating tiger returns to the jungle, Mowgli must flee to the safety of human civilization. EXAMPLE 53. Ariel wants to live on land, but her father forbids her from doing so. EXAMPLE 54. Also known as the turning point CLIMAX 55. CLIMAX: DEFINED the highest point of interest or excitement. 56. Pinocchio is transformed into a donkey and sold into labor before he saves Geppetto and proves himself worthy of being a real boy. EXAMPLE 57. DEUS EX MACHINA 58. DEUS EX MACHINA: DEFINED An unexpected power or event saving a hopeless situation, especially as a plot device in a play or novel, from the Latin a god from a machine. 59. In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the Evil Queen is about to kill the dwarfs when a bolt of lightning comes out of nowhere, knocking her off the mountain to her death. EXAMPLE 60. Also known as the resolution DENOUMENT 61. DENOUMENT/ RESOLUTION: DEFINED The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved. 62. At the end of The Little Mermaid, Ursula is killed, King Triton turns Ariel into a human, and Ariel marries Prince Eric. Then Sebastian sings over the closing credits. WIN. EXAMPLE 63. POETIC JUSTICE 64. POETIC JUSTICE: DEFINED A device in which virtue is ultimately rewarded or vice punished, often by an ironic twist of fate intimately related to the characters own conduct. In other words, the character gets whats coming to them (good or bad) 65. Jafar is so power hungry he fails to realize that becoming a genie will cost him his freedom. EXAMPLE 66. TONE 67. TONE: DEFINED the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work 68. Kristoff uses a harsh, abrasive tone with the shop owner in Frozen. EXAMPLE 69. HYPERBOLE 70. HYPERBOLE: DEFINED Extreme and purposeful exaggeration used to emphasize a point 71. Im so hungry I could eat a whole elephant. from 101 Dalmations EXAMPLE http://www.youtub e.com/watch?feat ure=player_detailp age&v=aRhmtw1 Gz0U 72. WORKS CITED Moerder, Adam. "16 Fancy Literary Techniques Explained By Disney." BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc, 7 July 2013. Web. 30 May 2014.