The Future of Higher Education, the Future of Learning

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Presentation given at Higher Education Leadership Forum Dubai, 12 13 November 2013 by Gard Titlestad, Secretary General, International Council For Open and Distance Education, ICDE

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<ul><li> 1. The Future of Higher Education the Future of Learning Higher Education Leadership Forum Dubai, 12 13 November 2013 Gard Titlestad Secretary General International Council For Open and Distance Education, ICDE</li></ul> <p> 2. The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online education An NGO official partner of UNESCO, and shares that agencys key aim the attainment of quality education for all ICDE believes that in pursuing education as a universal right, the needs of the learner must be central. Members in all regions of the world25 Years Support From Norway 3. What do we want to achieve? Re-imaging Higher Education: Taking a Broader View of Diversity Professor Ellen Hazelkorn Vice President of Research and Enterprise, and Dean of the Graduate Research School Higher Education Policy Research Unit (HEPRU) Dublin Institute of Technology 5th Global Meeting of Associations (GMA V), Manchester, April 2013 4. A World-Class Higher Education System Coherent portfolio of horizontally diverse and distinctive high performing, complementary and actively engaged institutions: Providinga breadth of educational, research and student experiences which offer the widest chance to the broadest number of students; ; Working collaboratively to maximize capacity beyond individual institutional capability. Developing knowledge and skills that citizens need to contribute to society throughout their lives, while attracting international talent; Graduates able to succeed in the labour market, fuel and sustain personal, social and economic development, and underpin civil society; Operating successfully in the global market, international in perspective and responsive to change. 5. From Elite to Universal Participation Elite 0-15%Mass 16-50%Universal Over 50%Functions of higher educationShaping mind and character of Transmission of skills; ruling class; preparation for preparation for broader elite roles range of technical elite rolesAdaptation of "whole population" to rapid social and technological changeCurriculum and forms of instructionHighly structured in terms of academic conceptions of knowledgeModular, flexible and semistructured sequence of coursesBoundaries and sequences break down; distinctions between learning and life break downInstitutional characteristicsHomogeneous with high and common standards; small residential communities; clear and impermeable boundariesComprehensive with more diverse standards; "cities of intellect" mixed residential &amp; commuting; boundaries fuzzy and permeable.Great diversity with no common model; aggregates of people enrolled but...many rarely on campus; boundaries weak or nonexistent.Research and knowledge transferPursuit of understanding of fundamental principles focused on "pure disciplines" and arising from curiosity, with no (direct or immediate) commercial benefits.Pursuit of understanding of principles in order to solve practical problems of the modern world, rather than to acquire knowledge for knowledges sake.Research is democratised, co-produced with and responsive to wider society, with an emphasis on impact and benefit.(Hazelkorn, 2011 Adapted from Brennan, 2004 and Trow, 1973, 1974, 2006; Gibbons et al, 1994) 6. Higher Education Area European, Nordic Goals Bologna process: is easy to move - mobility the attractiveness broad, high-quality advanced knowledge base, greater convergence U.S. and Europe Purpose: An internal market for knowledge: Education, Research and Innovation Flow of people, ideas, projects, networks, shared knowledge and innovations 7. Increase in the number of students Arab countriesRef: Towards an arab higher education space, UNESCO 2010 8. 400Mill. students 2007 - 2030EU/OECD projections the need for HE by 2030: 400 mill.32020302044 9. 1970 2030Ivory tower Elite Leaders public and private sector Local Contribute to the nation Physical Classroom approach Chained, place, time, people, pace One institutional army StabilityExcellence Diverse Higher Ed System Mass (some elite) Knowledge infrastructure Global Meet global challenges Virtual Personalisation Open Team and collaboration ChangeAnd much more - unimagableExcellence 10. Five mega-trends will transform the higher education sector 11. Trends,withinthe framwork of globalisation and internationalisationUS quadrupplingCost Southern Europe. Developing economiesAutomation RobotsSensorsTechnology2020 80% connected Open Research Internet of things Open Data OER eScience eInfrrastructures Access Open InnovationFlexibilityHE needs 1 U a week GlobalisationSocietal needsEnabling economic growth DemographicsOpen AccessOpen knowledgeStudents needs and expectations Employability LifelongICT Habitus 12. OER and Open and Distance Learning can increase the impact of investments in knowledge High quality education Research based education Resource based education Open educationOpen Access open science Research based OER Research based teachingOER &amp; ODLInnovation in education open innovation Innovate the learning system flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation 13. 2012 (Babson survey) 14. 2013 (ECAR) 15. Wie bieden ze aan?Coursera Learning Hubs 16. PARTNERS University partners in the UK and internationallysExample: FutureLearnPage17 17. Marci Powell Polycom, Global Director for EducationUSDLA Chair Emerita and Past PresidentMOOC-Mania! You Are HereGartner Groups Hype Cycle methodology 18. MOOC or MOC Are MOOCs Really Open? MOOC or MOC?No, all rights reserved.Partial, CC BY-NC on someNo, non-OER license. Yes, CC BY or CC BY-SANo, all rights reserved. Note: some institutions using CC anyway.Most MOOCs are open only in the sense of free enrollment.Paul Stacey, Associate Director of Global Learning, Creative Commons, Oktober 2013 19. We are in beginningState of Broadband Report 2013 www.broadbandcommission.org 20. Ericsson Mobility Report, June 2013. 21. IT application strategy The Chinese government has put forward the following strategies Industrial moderniza onIndustrializa onIT applica onAgricultural moderniza onIT applica on(digi za on)Na onal defense moderniza onUrbaniza onna onal developmentSci-tech moderniza onAgricultural moderniza onstrategyoriginal four moderniza onsnew four moderniza onsRef. Yang Zhijian, president Open University of China, ICDE world Conference, Tianjin, Kina 2013(digi za on) is a 22. Cloud-based technology support modelOpen, shared, quality and massive education resources and e-learning software Platform Services Portal, CAS, Teaching, Managing, Support service, Research, etc.Infrastructure Services IDC, Computing and storage pools, high-speed network VPNInternetISMS (Information security management system)IOMS (IT Operations Management system)CloudSoftware &amp; Education resource ServicesMobile Internet NetworksSatellite Network TerminalsOUC Pad Cloud Desktop Cloud TVCloud Phone Cloud Classroom 23. Think tank 20 October 2013, Open University of China, Beijing, ChinaMind to MOOCs Overview, reflections and brainstorming in whitening water To be reported to the ICDE Standing Conference of Presidents meeting and Policy Forum 24. Excerpts from ICDE Mind to MOOCs report A few of the issues and recommendations Equity. Consider this initiative as an opportunity to rethink our role as universities and take up MOOCs. . Integrate open MOOCs in our respective institutions National, regional and transnational cooperation is a great opportunity in developing MOOC and MOOC-alike concepts. Diversity. Undertake contextualized strategies when implementing MOOCs Be aware of cultural and language aspects anglo-centric core, colonialism OER and OCW as the basis for MOOC will ease contextual, cultural and language adaptation Innovation and Quality. Improve and innovate on pedagogical aspects: methodologies, content formats, assessment. Provide learning analytics as a tool for improving the courses. Connect the learning process and research for new knowledge and improvements. Promote research about MOOCs. Keep moving towards quality. Beyond quantity of MOOCs and users, the focus on quality is essential for sustainability. 25. MOOC in an international perspective:New global agenda for innovation in higher education 1) Government should provide a holistic, favourable framework for open and online learning and in line with the values of UNESCO. Intensive should be established for wanted direction. Dialogue with stakeholders, in particular HEI. Specific goals to be set. OER in line with the UNESCO declaration a part of the framework. 2) Support and facilitation of Leadership for change to a more open and online education. Competencies to be build. 3) Incentives and support for faculty and teachers change processes, competencies and working environment to achieve a more open and online education. 4) Framework and methodologies that put the learner in the centre. 5) Cooperation across institutions, and countries on content and platforms for a more open and online education, hereunder MOOC. 6) Interoperability between solutions. 7) Concrete goals and plans for research and innovation within the field, well anchored at the institutions concerned.. 26. Thank you! titlestad@icde.orgwww.icde.org</p>

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