Madhubani, the mithila art from India

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Text of Madhubani, the mithila art from India

  • The origins of Madhubani painting or Mithila Painting are shrouded in antiquity. Tradition states that this style of painting originated at the time of the Ramayana the epic period.

  • The birthplace..It has remained confined to a compact geographical area (Madhubani, a village in the state of Bihar) and the skills have been passed on through centuries.

  • Nature of the painting..Madhubani paintings has been done traditionally by the women of villages around the present town of Madhubani (the literal meaning of which is forests of honey) ..

  • The brushCotton wrapped around a bamboo stick forms the brush..

  • Black colour is obtained by mixing soot with cow dung; yellow from turmeric or pollen or lime and the milk of banyan leaves; blue from indigo; red from the kusam flower juice or red sandalwood; green from the leaves of the wood apple tree; white from rice powder; orange from palasha flowers

  • Methodology The colours are applied flat with no shading. There is normally a double line drawn for the outlines, with the gap between the lines filled by cross or straight tiny lines. In the linear painting, no colours are applied. Only the outlines are drawn.

    The colours are applied flat with no

  • ..done in black and white..


  • Or in vibrant colours..

  • They generally depict nature

    The sunThe moon

  • Or Hindu religious motifs.. themes generally revolve around deities like

  • ..alone or with his love Radha..

  • Or as a playboy..

  • Social themes like WeddingsWomen at workChildren playingVillage celebrationsAnimals And birds around

  • Women drawing water from well..

  • ..Caring the cattle..

  • Madhubani walls..traditionally done on freshly plastered mud wall of huts, its now painted on every possible medium

  • Now printed in sarees

  • Household articles..

  • Dresses

  • Decorative trays..

  • Bizarre figures!!

  • The wall painting..The craft Museum New Delhi has some permanent display of the huge wall art.This is an example of a full size Madhubani Wall Painting as it would have been done in the bridal chamber prior to the marriage ceremony. The natural colours were amazingly bright

  • Conclusion..Now with the changing trends and requirements, poster colors are also used. The paintings appear three dimensional. And because of the easy availability many artists now use acrylic colors as well. The artists mainly women have conceived the complex Hindu icons and delivered it in simple forms. I here by dedicate my presentation to the countless such women living in a small village miles away from me.Thank you.