- 1. Jacque Lacan & Luce IrigarayBy: Danielle Feige & Rachel Smith ART 508: Readings in Art Theory Professor Marco Deyasi 03.12.09
2. Lacan TimelineBorn on April 13, 1901 in Paris, France 1920s 1920 begins to studied medicine. 1926 specializes in psychiatry and become active in the surrealist movement. 1928 he becomes interested in the study of paranoia. 1930s 1932 completes doctoral thesis entitled Paranoid Psychosis & its Relations to the Personality, which is adopted by the Surrealists. 1934 marries Marie-Louise Blondin, and had 3 children between 1934 and 1940. 1936 gives a lecture at the Congress of the International Psychoanalytical Association on the Mirror Phase, but was interrupted and not allowed to nish 1940s 1940-1944 serves in a military hospital in Paris during WWII and did not publish during this time. 1950s 1951 advocates the return to Freud. 1953 he develops the concepts of the 3 registers of human reality of the symbolic, the imaginary and the real. Formed the Societe Fransaise de Psychoanalyse after leaving the Societe Parisienne de Psychoanalyse. Married Sylvia Bataille and had a child. 1960s 1963 he was removed from the list of training analyst of the Societe Fransiase de Psychanalyse and forms Ecole Freudienne de Paris to write The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. 1967 introduces the pass where the listener or analyst decides if the patient passes. 1970s shifts his views from emphasizing the father to the sinthome 1980s 1980 he closes his school, Ecole Freudienne de Paris after 16 years. 1981 dies on September 9. 3. Lacans InuencesLike any other professional aspiring to gain notability in anyeld of study, Lacan borrowed ideas from those beforehim, modifying when necessary, to further support hisstudies. Saussure: Borrowing Saussure's study of linguistics, Lacan is able todetermine that the unconscious is structured like language. Levi-Strauss: Through the study of Structural Anthropology, Lacan wasable to grasp the crucial transition from nature to culture. Freud: Lacan based much of his work on Freudian theories, and evencalled for the return of Freud. 4. Lacans Contributions to PsychoanalysisLacans career can be broken down into 4 stages: 1926-1953: Working in the area of conventional psychiatricwork, which evolved to include psychoanalytic study, primarilythat of the Mirror Phase. Lacan also presented his lecture seriesknown as the Discourse of Rome, which later evolved intoEcrits. 1953-1963: Structural linguistics became more important toLacan during this time in his life. He used linguistics to furtherelaborate and explain some Freudian studies. 1964-1973: Departing somewhat from his Freudian frame ofstudy, this period marked the time when his research becameknown simply as Lacanian. It is during this time he placed theseat of neurosis within the Ego. 1974-1981: Lacan introduces The Three Registers of HumanReality. 5. The Three Orders of Human Reality The Real exists before language, mentalmodels, and cultural codes. The Imaginary is associated with the MirrorStage, thus it is pre-symbolic and pre-language. The Symbolic is an essential feature of thehuman transition from nature to culture. 6. The Mirror Phase One of Lacans rst major contributions to Psychoanalysis. The Mirror Phase usually occurs in children between 6 and 18 months. Recognition of self is the rst step in becoming awareof the ability to control ones body, of awakening theEgo, and the beginning of the transition from the pre-linguistic to the linguistic stage of life. 7. Oedipus Complex & Oedipal Triangle Oedipus Complex Oedipal Triangle: the mother, the child, and thePhallus. The Name-of-the-Father is bound up with theSymbolic and describes the castration of the father. The Phallus is the object of desire. 8. Desire The Other being described as an object orbeing other than the individual with the desire. Objet (petit) a is the unattainable object ofdesire or other. Jouissance is an extreme paradoxical pleasurethat may be too intense or have deadlyconsequences. 9. Mary Kelly, Post-Partum Document, Introduction, 1973 10. Irigaray TimelineBorn in 1932 in Belgium. 1950s 1954 Degree in Philosophy and Arts 1955 Writes doctoral thesis in Philosophy and Arts 1956 Concours D Aptitude in Higher Education1960s 1961 Degree in Psychology 1962 Diploma in Psychopathology 1968 Doctorate in Linguistics1970s 1971 Doctorate in Philosophy and Art Psychoanalytical Training 1974 expelled from Ecole Freudienne de Paris 11. Feminism Feminism is rooted in gender inequality 3 Waves of Feminism Types of Feminism 12. Monica Sjoo God Giving Birth Oil painting, 1969 13. Psychoanalytic Feminism Seek to nd a solution through Lacans return to Freud. This group focuses on gender inequality as it is based incertain childhood occurrences allowing men to be masculineand women to be feminine. Philosophers associated with this form of feminism includeJulia Kristeva, Hlne Cixous and Luce Irigaray. 14. The Gaze The Gaze occurs when a person becomes theobject of another beings look or gaze. The Male Gaze is a term coined by LauraMulvey where classical Hollywood cinemaallows the viewer to hold a masculine stancewith the female as the object of desire. 15. Sylvia Sleigh-The Turkish Bath (Oil, 1973) 16. criture Fminine Developed by Hlne Cixous. Literally means, feminine writing. This form of writing takes on female perspectiveand experiences to move away from the typicalpatriarchal system.