No part of this content can be published or shared online without the permission of the author.
- 1.CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY ConceptNormality vs. AbnormalityCriteriafor abnormality Causes of abnormal behavior Major psychological disorders
2. Clinical Psychology diagnosisand treatment of psychological disorders investigate causes of disorders associated mental health specialists: Psychiatrists and Psychoanalysts 3. NORMALITY VS ABNORMALITY People who behave normally are those who act and behave in an average, typical way. Statistically speaking, normal behavior is that which we would expect from the majority of people. Abnormal, therefore, refers to any behavior that is not typical. 4. CRITERIA FOR ABNORMALITYStatisticalTo determine abnormality, we simply observe what arerare or infrequent in a given society or culture and labelthese deviation from the norms as abnormal. 5. CONTD Many population facts are measured such as height, weight and intelligence. Most of the people fall within the middle range of intelligence, but a few are abnormally stupid. But according to this definition, a person who is extremely intelligent would be classified as abnormal. 6. CONTDCulturalevery culture has certain standards foracceptable behavior; behavior that deviates fromthat standard is considered to be abnormalbehavior. But those standards can change withtime and vary from one society to another. 7. CONTDBehavioral According to this view of abnormality, people who are unable to function effectively and adapt to the demand of society are considered as abnormal. 8. CONTDPersonal distress The final criteria considers abnormality in terms of the individuals subjective feelings, personal distress, rather than his behavior. Most people diagnosed as mentally ill feel miserable, anxious, depressed and may suffer from insomnia. 9. MAJOR PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Dissociative disorders Schizophrenia Mood disorders; Depression, Bipolar Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Anxiety Disorders Personality disorders 10. DID is the presence of two or more distinct identities orpersonality states. The diagnosis requires that at least twopersonalities (one may be the host) routinely takecontrol of the individuals behavior with anassociated memory loss that goes beyond normalforgetfulness; in addition, symptoms cannot be thetemporary effects of drug us or a general medicalcondition. Along with these symptoms client might experience:Depression, mood swings, sleep problems, alcoholand drug abuse, compulsions, and some more. 11. SCHIZOPHRENIA Positive: hallucinations, delusion, Negative: apathy, lack of interest, emotions Cognitive: disorganized thought, difficulty inconcentration, difficulty in completing tasks 12. Anxiety disorders Generalized anxiety disordersThe experience of long term anxiety with no explanation. Panic disordersAnxiety that manifests itself in the form of panic attackthat lasts from a few second to as long as several hours. 13. Phobic disordersIntense irrational fears of specific object orsituation. Obsessive compulsive disordersa disorder characterized by obsession orcompulsion. 14. CAUSES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERSOpen floor session 15. CAUSAL FACTORS RELATED TO ABNORMALBEHAVIORBiologicalmodel:Psychodynamic Model:Behavioristic Model:Cognitive model: 16. CONTDBiological modelThis model suggests that physiological causes areroot of abnormal behavior.Psychoanalytic model Abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts. 17. CONTDBehavioral modelAbnormal behavior is a learned response.Cognitive modelThis model assumes that cognitions are central toabnormal behaviors.