Principles of Food, Beverage, and Labor Cost Controls, Ninth Edition
Who does the purchasing?◦ Owners◦ Managers◦ Chef◦ Steward
One person responsible so they can be held accountable
Perishables; those items that are typically fresh foods, and have a relatively short shelf life
Non-perishables; those food items that have a relatively longer shelf life◦ Groceries◦ Staples◦ Storeroom items
1. Quality of food purchased2. Quantity of food purchased3. Prices at which food is purchased
1. They force owners or managers to determine exact requirements in advance
2. They are often useful in menu preparation3. They eliminate misunderstandings between
stewards and purveyors4. Allows for true competitive bidding5. Eliminates need for detailed verbal descriptions6. They facilitate checking food as it is received
Steward’s market quotation list - a form often used as a tool by food purchasers for;◦ Taking daily inventory of perishables◦ Determining suitable order quantities◦ Recording market quotations◦ Selecting vendors
Par stock – maximum quantity that should be on hand at any given time
Periodic order method: Amount required for the upcoming period- Amount presently on hand+ Amount wanted on hand at the end of the period
to last until the next delivery= Amount to order
Perpetual inventory method: Par stock- Reorder point= Subtotal+ Normal usage until delivery= Reorder quantity
1. Storage space2. Limits on total value of inventory
prescribed by management3. Desired frequency of ordering4. Usage5. Purveyors’ minimum order requirements
1. Wholesalers2. Local Producers3. Manufacturers4. Packers5. Local farmers6. Retailers7. Cooperative associations
Advantages: Foods and beverages can be purchased at
lower prices because of volume Desired quality can be obtained more readily
because the steward has a greater choice of markets
Foods can be obtained that meet specs Larger inventories can be maintained,
ensuring reliable supply to individual units Possibility of dishonest purchasing in
individual units are greatly reduced
Disadvantages: Each unit must accept the standard item in
stock and has little freedom to purchase for its own particular needs
Units can’t take advantage of local specials Menus are ordinarily standardized, limiting
the individual unit managers’ freedom
1. Telephone2. Fax3. Quotation sheets obtained by mail4. Fax modem5. Information supplied by salespersons 6. Direct computer links with purveyors via
the internet or dedicated telephone line
1. The quantity delivered should be the same as the quantity listed on the Steward’s Market Quotation List and the invoice
2. The quality delivered should conform to the establishment’s specifications
3. The prices on the invoice should match those circled on the Steward’s Market Quotation List
Meats R’ Us777 Cow Pasture Way
Bulls tail, IOTo: Grandview Bistro Date: October 3, 20XX
Quantity Unit Description Unit PriceAmount20 lbs. Beef tenderloin 9.20184.0020 lbs. Leg of lamb 12.40248.00
Regardless of the methods used by employees to requisition food and beverage products, or management to issue these, inventory levels will be affected.
It will be your responsibility and that of your purchasing agent to monitor this movement and purchase additional products, as needed.
Re-stocking the inventory is critical if product shortages are to be avoided and if product necessary for menu item preparation is to be available.
Operators must be careful not to overload storage capacity. Increased inventory of items generally leads to greater spoilage and loss due to theft.
Shelf life is the amount of time a food item retains its maximum freshness, flavor, and quality while in storage. The shelf life of food products varies greatly.
The cost to the vendor for frequent deliveries will be reflected in the cost of the goods to the operator.
1. Storage capacity
2. Item perishability
3. Vendor delivery schedule
4. Potential savings from increased purchase size
5. Operating calendar
6. Relative importance of stock outages
7. Value of inventory dollars to the operator
1. Verify the quantity, quality, and price for each item conforms exactly to the order placed
2. Verify invoice with rubber invoice stamp3. List foods delivered each day on the
receiving Clerk’s Daily Report for that day4. Forward paperwork to proper personnel5. Move food to appropriate storage areas
1. Verification of the date food received2. Signature of the receiving clerk who vouches for
the accuracy of the order3. Steward’s signature, acknowledging delivery of
food items4. Food controller’s verification calculations are
correct on the invoice5. Signatory approval of the bill for payment by an
authorized individual before a check is drawn
Directs – foods that extremely perishable by nature, purchased daily.◦ For immediate use◦ Considered to be issued on delivery◦ Go directly onto today’s food cost
Stores – perishable but have a relatively longer shelf life.◦ Not for immediate use◦ Included on food cost when they are issued
The great problem in employing receiving personnel is with the vast amount of knowledge of foods these workers require
This may explain why some restaurants do not require quality checks upon delivery
Someone has to do it!!! If not your customers will!!!
CASE STUDY – BUSINESS ETHICS Maria’ s bistro is a publicly owned
corporation that owns several restaurants in regions across the country. Marco is the president of the bistro; Lucia is the purchasing agent; and Keean is the executive assistant. All three have been with Maria’s bistro for about five years. Mary is Maria’s bistro controller, and she has been with the company for two years.
Marco: Hi Mary come on in. So you say you have a confidential matter to discuss. What’s on your mind?
Mary: Marco I was reviewing our increased purchases from Sysco last week and wondered why our volume has tripled last year. When I discussed this with Lucille she seemed a bit evasive and tried to dismiss the issue by stating that Sysco can give us one-day delivery on our orders.
Marco: Well, Lucia is right. You know we have been trying to implement “just-in-time” purchasing and trying to get our inventory asset down.
Mary: We still have to look at the overall cost. Sysco is more of a jobber than a warehouse. After investigating orders placed with them. I found that only 10 percent are delivered from their warehouse and the other 90 percent are drop-shipped from the manufacturers. The average mark-up by Sysco is 30 percent
Which is about 500,000.00 on our orders for the past year. If we had ordered directly from the manufacturers when Sysco didn’t have the item in stock, we could have saved about 450,000.00. In addition, some of the orders were late and incomplete.
Marco: Now look, Mary we get quick delivery on most items and who knows how much we are saving by not having to stock this stuff in advance or worry about it becoming obsolete.
Mary: Well, Marco, as a matter of fact, I ordered a Dun & Bradstreet credit report on Sysco and discovered that Bruce Temple is the principal owner, isn’t he your brother in law?
Marco: Sure he is. But don’t worry about Bruce. He has a Harvard MBA, and he understands this just-in-time philosophy.
Mary (saying to herself): This conversation has been enlightening, but it doesn’t really respond to my concerns. Can I legally or ethically ignore this apparent conflict of interest?
QUESTIONS: Would Mary be justified in ignoring this
situation, particularly since she is not the purchasing agent?
State the specific steps Mary should follow to resolve this matter.