7.narrative and film theory

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  • 2. What is narrative? A narrative is a story that is created in a constructive format as a work of speech, writing, song, film, television, video games, photography or theatre that describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events. The human mind needs narrative to make sense of things. http://www.mediaknowall.com/as_alevel/al evkeyconcepts/alevelkeycon.php?pageID =narrative
  • 3. Types of narratives Flashbacks- This is when more than one voice is telling the story. Different points of views or characters are given. E.g. the film note book. An elderly man reads from a notebook to an elderly woman about a story between two young lovers, Allie and Noah. http://www.teachit.co.uk/att achments/5023.pdf Multi-narrative- A story within a story within a story again.
  • 4. Tvzetan todorov narrative structure- Is generally described as the structural framework that underlies the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N arrative_structure Is a philosopher and cultural critic and the author of over 20 books. Born in Sofia, Bulgaria, he has lived in France since 1963.
  • 5. Tvzetan todorov equilibrium,disequilbrium and new equilibrium. The fictional environment begins with a state of equilibrium everything is as it should be It then suffers some disruption (disequilibrium)3. New equilibrium is produced at the end of the narrative http://abibecbill.blogspot.There are five stages the narrative can progress through: com/2010/02/tzvetan- A state of equilibrium (all is as it should be) todorovs-equilibrium- A disruption of that order by an event abigail.html A recognition that the disorder has occurred An attempt to repair the damage of the disruption A return or restoration of a NEW equilibrium Tvzetan has published a total of 21 books. Tzvetan Todorov was born on March 1, 1939, in Sofia, Bulgaria, to Todor Borov Todorov, a university professor, and the former Haritina Todorova, a librarian. After taking his M.A. http://www.enotes.com/tzvetan-todorov- salem/tzvetan-todorov
  • 6. Claude Levi Strauss- http://en.wikipedia.or Lvi-Strauss in 2005 g/wiki/Claude_L%C Full name Claude Lvi-Strauss 3%A9vi-Strauss Born 28 November 1908(1908-11-28) Brussels, Belgium Died 30 October 2009(2009-10-30) (aged 100) Paris, France Narrative conflict is a concept in literary studies that seeks to analyse plots by finding their driving sources of conflict. Binary opposition- is a subtle way in which texts are subconsciously interpreter by readers and listeners. http://www.english biz.co.uk/downloa ds/binaryoppositio n.pdf
  • 7. Vladimir Propp http://www.ealmanac.com/3114/numbers/the-seven- character-types-of-vladimir-propp /Characters types The villainstruggles against the hero The donorprepares the hero or gives the hero some magical object The (magical) helperhelps the hero in the quest The princess and her fathergives the task to the hero, identifies the false hero, marries the hero, often sought for during the narrative. Propp noted that functionally, the princess and the father can not be clearly distinguished The dispatchercharacter who makes the lack known and sends the hero off. The hero or victim/seeker heroreacts to the donor, weds the princess False herotakes credit for the heros actions or tries to marry the princess.Sunday, January 6, 2008Vladimir Propps Character Roles ~Propp was a scholar that analysed the basic components of Russian folk tales. Here are the broad character types that he presented in hisbook, "Morphology of the Folk Tale".1) Villain: Fights with the hero. Involved in a pursuit.2) Donor: Provides the hero with a magical agent. http://somepsychoticra3) Helper: Often accompanies the hero. May reappear to help at critical moments. mblings.blogspot.com/4) Princess: She assigns tasks to the hero. 2008/01/vladimir-5) The Father of the Princess: Often is hostile to the hero. May also assign tasks to the hero propps-character- roles.html
  • 8. Vladimir propp films introduce his Character film theory: (key terms: all of the different types of characters and their purpose
  • 9. Erving goffmans- greatest contribution to social theory is his formulation of symbolic interaction as dramaturgical perspective in his 1959 book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, which begins with an epigraph by George Santayana about masks. Erving Goffmans (1959) character theory suggests that there are four main types of broad character in a media text or production; The protagonist (leading character) The deuterogamist (secondary character) The bit player (minor character whose specific background the audience is not aware of) The fool (a character that uses humour to convey messages) http://www.google.co.uk/search?q =Modern+Character+theorists+of+ John+Campbell&hl=en&source=hp &gs_sm=e&gs_upl=1797l1797l0l2 594l1l1l0l0l0l0l62l62l1l1l0&oq=Mo dern+Character+theorists+of+John +Campbell&aq=f&aqi=&aql=1
  • 10. John Campbell- Campbell appeared in season 6 of the successful New Zealand TV series Outrageous Fortune and frequently appeared in the animated series broTown. Selected references on Personality Structure Campbell, J. B. (2008). Modern personality theories: What have we gained, what have we lost? In G. Boyle, G. Matthews, and D. Saklofske, The Sage handbook of personality theory and assessment. Vol 1 Personality theories and models (pp. 190-212). Los Angeles: Sage Publishers. http://www.fandm.edu/ps ychology/facilities/psycho pathology-personality- and-social-psychology- labs
  • 11. Gorden Fletcher (Modern Character theorists)
  • 12. Jonathan Bishop
  • 13. Anita Greenhill