Narrative and film theory research

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  • 1. Narrative and Film TheoryResearchIna Francia Bayson

2. Difference betweenNarrative and Story Narrative The way the scenes in a film are put together. Story It is the plot of the film, and what will happen. 3. What is Narrative andthe different types of it Narrative- it is how the storywas put together. Some types of narratives: Science fiction Horror 4. Tvzetan Todorov Born: 1 st March, 1939 in Bulgaria Lived in France in 1963 with family Writes books and essays about culture theory literary theory thought theory 5. Tvzetan TodorovNarrative Structure His narrative theory is the 3-part Structure which are: Equilibrium- everything is balanced. Disequilibrium- unbalanced, e.g. conflict. New Equilibrium- the unbalanced is resolved and now balanced.Equilibrium DisequilibriumNew Equilibrium 6. Example 1: Black Swan Equilibrium Disequilibrium New EquilibriumDreaming of being Close up of her Close up of her dancingthe White Swangetting paranoidas the White SwanLong shot of her asLong shot of them the black swanpracticing 7. Example 2: Amnesia GirlEquilibriumDisequilibrium New Equilibrium Having all herShe told him that she birthdays was faking that she dont know him Both getting backShes telling him atogether Her crying as shestory of her past that told him the truthher friend told her(she lost her memory) 8. Claude Levi-Strauss Born: 28 th November, 1908 Died: 30 th October 2009 Studies Humanity (French Anthropologist) and analyses religion, technology, origin, etc. of the humanity (ethnologist) 9. Claude Levi-StraussNarrative Conflict Theory of Binary Opposition Everything have opposites and it balanced it out in the end. Narrative driven by conflict are caused by the series of opposing forces. Good and Evil Strength and Binary WeaknessOpposition Light and Dark 10. Example 1: Harry Potterand the Philosophers StoneWhen the Cerberus woke up Close up of stopping theand found man from struggling himHarry, Hermione, Ron openingthe door hes guarding Voldemorts spirit angry as he is defeated Mid shot of Harry tries to escape The man used by but fire stopped himVoldemort turning into ash when Harry touch him (mid shot) 11. Vladimir Propp Born: 17 th April, 1895 Died: 22 nd August 1970 Analyses the plot of folk tales He is a Russian and Soviet Formalist Scholar in Literature. 12. Vladimir Propps FilmTheory He is a character theorist. Suggest that there are 7 types of characters can be in the narrative. Character Role HeroThe lead role. Villain The person who gives a negative effect on the film. Heroine The centre figure of the film. HelperSidekick Donor Gives clue/power to the hero MentorGuides the hero FatherGives award to the hero. 13. Erving Goffman Born: 11 th June, 1922 Died: 19 th November, 1982 Sociologist and Writer Studied Symbolic Interaction (Micro-scale Interaction) 14. Erving GoffmansCharacter Theory His theory suggests that there are 4 main types of character in a narrative/production.Character RoleProtagonist Leading character- events ofthe plot revolve withDeuteragonist Secondary character- may bewith or against the lead roleThe bit playerMinor character thataudiences wasnt aware oftheir backgroundThe foolUses humour to send outmessages 15. Example 1: Kick AssMain character-Kick AssSecondary character- helping Kick AssBad guys going to attack