1. Shape is an element of Art & DesignElEmEnts of ArtThe Elements of Art are the building blocksfor a work of art. Artists use the elements in planned and organized ways. They are organizedaccording to the Principles of Design.
2. Implied line Our eyes read edges of theobject (the lemon) as impliedlines. There isnt a line thatreally marks the edge of it.The dots and short lines alsocreate implied lines movingacross the page. In this painting there is amajor implied line created acircle shape in the middle ofthe picture. Notice the title,what do you think the circlehas to do with what this artistis trying to communicate toyou? Does the title give youany hints? 3. Notice this 3-dimensionalorganic form of the cow inthe first image.The cow becomes moreabstract because itbecomes geometric but isstill 3-D looking. Then it becomes flat 2-dimensional shapes thatone can still see as anabstract cow.And the fourth stage issimply geometric shapesinspired by a cow. 4. Shape is an area enclosedby line, or seen as an areabecause of color or value Shapechanges. Shapes have 2-dimensions. They can be geometric ororganic. This abstract painting hasthree people that aresimplified into anarrangement of flat shapes.The artist used a variety ofshapes in creating thepainting that sort of fitstogether like a puzzle. Large, medium & smallshapes Geometric & organic shapes Flat & patterned shapes Dark & light shapes Positive & negative shapes Outlined & unoutlined shapes 5. Shape vs. Form what is the difference? 6. Form Forms are 3-dimensional and they occupy space.They can also give the illusionthat they occupy the space in the case of2-dimensional art. 7. 1.Geometric Shapes / RectilinearShapes..Most rectilinear shapes can bealso called geometric shapeshowever one a couple of themare not. These are circles andovals. Geometric shapes are usuallyman-made. The only natural onesI can think of are crystals andhoney combs.2.Organic Shapes / Curvilinear.They are all curving and flowingtherefore we call themcurvilinear shapes.Sometimes they can be calledorganic shapes. We can includecircles and ovals.These are usually naturalshapes. Think of leaves, animalshapes, and plant shapes. 8. Positive and Negative Shapes Figure / ground interaction 9. format edge? figure? positive shape? ground? negative shape? geometric shape? organic shape? 10. Ambiguousfigure/groundinteractions 11. Gestalt Principles of Design - Closure- Perceiving an edge that isnot there at all! 12. Positive and Negative Shapes All shapes are either positiveor negative. The subjectmatter is the representationalobjects and are usuallypositive (like the sheepbelow). The background(black area) is the negativeshape in the composition. In non-objective art, thepositive shapes are usuallythe central, featuredelements and the negativeshapes surround them. 13. format edge? format shape? figures? positive shapes? ground? negative shapes? geometric shapes? organic shapes? 14. format edge? figure? positive shape? ground? negative shape? geometric shape? 15. Checklist: positive shapes negative shapes geometric shapes organic shapes patterned shapes textured shapes plain shapes high contrast between some shapes low contrast between other shapes bright shapes dull shapes 16. SUMMARY OF POSTER ACTIVITIESArrange your own illustrations andcontent (theory) in a balanced andaesthetic manner. 1. Meaning (definition) ofSHAPE & FORM 2. Implied line / edge /virtual line / guideline 3. Actual / real line /A contemporary imbhengeoutline 4. Geometric /7. Positive and negative shapesrectilinear shapes (figure / ground interaction) 5. Organic / curvilinear8. Theory analysis of ashapes contemporary imbhenge 6. Shape and illusions of 9. Compositional sketch of aform (2-D & 3-D?)painting. 17. What is an imbhenge?Research the Aesthethic-Usability EffectBeautiful things work betterSymmetry is another principle ofArt.Make a diagram to show theradial symmetry of thisimbhenge.A contemporary imbhengeHow exact is it? Use a protractorto check.Discuss how the artist uses Colour and shape together. Use the terminology you have learnt. 18. Artist Thodore Gericault,uses organic shapes, but witha triangular composition.Although there are manyshapes in this artwork, theartist seems to focus on atriangular shape throughout.The sitting position of thefigure implies a large triangle.Then there are smallertriangular shapes in the bentof his arm, in the bottom halfof his draped robe, and in thelapel of his shirt.And there are many more.Can you identify more ofthem?Activity:-Make a compositional sketchof this painting 19. Open Form vs. Closed FormOpen form sculptures andpottery have negative spaceopenings through the piece.Pottery is open form only if ithas holes through it. Theopening of a pot/vessel doesnot make it an open form.Closed Form sculptures andpottery have no negativespace/form piercing through it.What are these examples of? 20. This sculpture involves curvilinear forms ona smooth surface. These are actual forms,that is, its a photograph of the sculptureanyway. On the right, are diagrams of the sculpturethat look like forms on a flat, 2-dimensionalsurface. The first image show the shape of therounded stone but it becomes a form, animplied form, when it is shaded. The next illustration shows the overlappingof the organic forms. The last illustration shows the movementthrough the sculpture. The movement iscaused by the open areas that lead theviewers eyes to the taller forms.