UST NSTP E-READ Chapter 2 Christian Call and Thomasian Response

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<ul><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 2 of 19 </p><p> A Christian Call and the Thomasian Response </p><p>Welcome to Chapter 2! How was your experience reading and doing activities of Module 1? I hope you were able to understand and have a clear grasp of the different concepts regarding the NSTP History and Good Citizenship Values. </p><p>In this chapter, you will encounter two lessons: First part will lead you to a deeper understanding and appreciation of human dignity with a keen sensitivity to the needs of others especially those who suffer in poverty and crisis in life. The second part emphasizes the Thomasian core values and response to the Christian call which is further explained as you go along the chapter. </p><p> At the end of this chapter you are expected to value human dignity through </p><p>practicing the teachings of the Catholic Church and the Thomasian core values and ideals in everyday life. </p><p> Lets now go to Lesson 1. Lesson 1: Advocacy to Christianity </p><p>At the end of the lesson, you will be able to: </p><p>1. Evaluate ones own point of view regarding human dignity 2. Demonstrate identifiable characteristics of being a Filipino Catholic </p><p> I. Man: Image and Likeness of God </p><p>So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. </p><p> And God blessed them. And God said to them, Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth. </p><p> (Gen. 1:27-28) and </p><p> The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being. </p><p>(Gen. 2:7) </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 3 of 19 </p><p>Humanity is the pinnacle of creation. Being made in Gods image, humanity has intrinsic worth. Human beings alone, among all of Gods creation, have the breadth of God blown into their nostrils </p><p>Human dignity is the intrinsic worth that is inherent in every human being. From the Catholic perspective (among other Christian perspectives), the source of human dignity is rooted in the concept of Imago Dei (Latin for "image of God"), in Christs redemption and in our ultimate destiny of union with God. </p><p> Human dignity therefore transcends any social order as the basis for rights and is </p><p>neither granted by society nor can it be legitimately violated by society. In this way, human dignity is the conceptual basis for human rights. While providing the foundation for many normative claims, one direct normative implication of human dignity is that every human being should be acknowledged as an inherently valuable member of the human community and as a unique expression of life, with an integrated bodily and spiritual nature. </p><p> In Catholic moral thought, because there is a social or communal dimension to </p><p>human dignity itself, persons must be conceived of, not in overly-individualistic terms, but as being inherently connected to the rest of society. Because the tradition emphasizes the integral nature of our body and spirit, the human body takes on greater significance and value than in the prevailing dualistic conception of the person. </p><p> a. Man: Soul, Intellect and Will </p><p> Mans dignity comes from having a soul. The soul is his principle of life. It </p><p>is what gives him a spiritual nature. It is what makes him like God for it enables him to think and to want. The power which enables man to reason out things is called his intellect. The power which allows man to decide and to carry out that decision is called his will. </p><p>Because man has a soul, he can be called a person. A person is a being with a rational nature. Man is called the image of his Maker precisely because he is rational. He shares something in common with God and angels: his intellect and will. </p><p>Man can have a sense of humor. Only men can find two things that are absurd or unrelated to each other amusing. Only man can joke or laugh; not even the hyena can equal man in finding wit in contradictory situations. Man can do so because he has a mind. </p><p>With an intellect, man can search for the truth. As a consequence, he studies the world around him in order to better understand and do things accordingly. With this knowledge he can work for the good of others by producing or making things. He searches for what is real until things are revealed to him </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 4 of 19 </p><p>with the aid of his sense. But always something will be missing from the entire puzzle for his mind is not as encompassing as his Makers. But it will still be a light in the dark, enough for him to live in peace. </p><p> With his will, man can choose the good. But then not all good things are </p><p>of the same quality, there are good things that are higher than others. It is up to man to identify the higher good so he can choose it. </p><p>b. Mans Goals </p><p>As a person, we have two goals: the temporal and the ultimate. Our temporal goal is to be able to develop ourselves and take an active role in the society. Our ultimate goal is to be in union with our Creator. Our intellect enables us to acquire the necessary knowledge about the meaning of life. Through it, we are able to discern whether our action is right or wrong. On the other hand, our human will enables us to act on our discernment. As persons, we are able to lift our thoughts to the ideals and are able to make judgments. While we all share in the image and likeness of God, we are not all the same. Each and every one of us is unique. </p><p>As Christians, do you realize these valuable intrinsic capacities that God has endowed us? That of being in the image and likeness of God? </p><p> In the previous readings, you learned about the person created in the image </p><p>and likeness of God. Now, the second half of the first module will make you discover the persons communitarian nature, your responsibility and realization of ones worth. </p><p> II. Distinctive Characteristics of a Filipino Catholic </p><p>We, Filipino Catholics, in particular are people who have experienced in one or another that our Filipino identity, meaning, suffering, commitment and world-view are all tied to Jesus Christ. Like a diamond with a thousand faces, Christ is able to reveal to every person and nation, their own unity, truth and value. (de la Cruz Jr., O.P., 1997. p. 18) Thus we Filipino Catholics are those who: </p><p> As baptized into discipleship of Jesus Christ, discover our identity as adopted children of our Father and as members of Christs Body, the Church, inspired by Mary our Mother; </p><p> In the breaking of bread around the table of the Lord, find meaning in sharing ecclesial fellowship with one another and with Christ, their Priest and Eucharist; </p><p> In meeting the Crucified Savior, are sustained in the sufferings and hardships of life, and receive forgiveness for their sins through his Sacraments; </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 5 of 19 </p><p> Commit ourselves to our Risen Lord and his mission through the gift of Faith, celebrated in great Hope in the Sacraments, and lived out in Love and service of their fellow-men; </p><p> From our world-vision led by the Spirit of the Risen Christ, are experienced in the Christian community, the Church, which sustains us in our pilgrimage of life-in-Christ; </p><p> Approach and live out this Christian life within the powerful inspiring presence of Mary, our Mother and Model. </p><p>When we deal with each other, we should do so with the sense of awe that arises in the presence of something holy and sacred. For that is what human beings are: we are created in the image of God </p><p>(Economic Justice for All Pastoral Letter on Catholic Social Teaching and the U.S. Economy U.S. Catholic Bishops, 1986. #28) </p><p> a. Gods Two Greatest Commandments </p><p>One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, "Of all the commandments, which is the most important? Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. The second is this: Love your neighbor as yourself. There is no commandment greater than these. </p><p> (Mark 12:28-31) </p><p>Read the Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) in the Bible or visit the link below to know more about this story: </p><p> http://www.jesuswalk.com/lessons/10_25-37.htm </p><p>Did you like the story? Have you had any experience before wherein in an instance you feel like the Good Samaritan? Narrate your story and share it in our discussion forum. </p><p> This story is a classic example of pagmamahal to other people, the </p><p>pagpapahalaga concept, which will be explained in the next lesson. </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 6 of 19 </p><p> III. The Concept of Pagmamahal and Pagmumura </p><p> Franciscan venerable Juan de Oliver wrote his Tagalog Declaracion de los Mandamientos de la Ley de Dios between 1585 and 1590. The First Commandment he rendered as Ybiguin mo ang Dios, Lalo sa Lahat. </p><p> The reasonable man, one who has discernment, distinguishes within his </p><p>heart what is good and what is evil; he esteems the precious, and the worthless. Would a man be considered right if he treats equally everything, both the good and the evil as if they were the same, and if he regards as equal both that which is precious and that which is worthless, or that is which is worthless with that which is precious? Would not the person be blind if he treats that which is black as if it were white, and that which is white as if were black? Is it correct to treat the cheap and the costly as if they were equal? The devil and the God? </p><p> If God is greater and most precious of all, why do you not esteem and love </p><p>and cherish Him above all? </p><p>The devil, the anito, if the most worthless, ugly, evil-minded, a murmurer against his God, why is he not treated as the most worthless of all, why not shown cruelty, why not forgotten as worth nothing? </p><p> Pagmamahal, is a disposition of one being towards another being, by </p><p>which a degree of value is expressed or symbolized. Conversely, pagmumura is the inclination to behave toward another who has been considered as valueless or cheap. Thus, when Fray Oliver tells the Tagalogs in Balayan, Anot minomora ninyo ang Dios?, he is speaking specifically not of blasphemous speech uttered against God, but of actions that bespoke the lack of recognition of the true worth of the Creator to His creatures (Hornedo, 1997). </p><p> Thus, a parent who loves his children not only sees to it that they do not </p><p>come to harm, but also actively promotes their growth into mature people. He feeds them and educates them. He chooses their schools and helps them decide on the careers that they will take. While there are parents who would manipulate their children to suit their personal convenience, the nagmamahal, or caring, parent appreciates and enhances the value the children by every means possible (Hornedo, 1997). </p><p> There are numerous examples wherein we can attest to this concept of </p><p>pagmamahal; one is by means of studying well in school since if a student puts value to studying then he/she knows the importance of education as well as his/her parents hardships or efforts in trying their best to provide their child with good education. Let us cite another example, a student who addresses his/her teacher in a proper manner, i.e., Maam, Sir, Ms. or Mr. is deemed respectful to a person in authority. </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 7 of 19 </p><p>Can you now give other examples like weve mentioned? Discuss these with your classmates in our Discussion Forum. </p><p> The totality of those acts by which valuing is expressed are known in </p><p>Tagalog as pagpapahalaga (to appreciate value), and pagmamahal (to love). A thing is mahal (high-priced, dearly loved) because it is mahalaga (valuable). Pagmamahal, therefore, is intimately and essentially bound up with halaga. And to love, therefore, is both to recognize worth or value and to act in a manner consistent with the preservation and enhancement of the value of the minamahal (one considered of great value). </p><p> And even today, pagmumura sa kapwa (speaking to another in </p><p>demeaning language) is, in fact, a verbal expression of how little a person values another. In times past when pedigree was considered material to a persons social worth, Filipinos demeaned other by calling anak ng puta (offspring of a whore). In cultures where pagpapakatao (behaving as a human being) is regarded as valuable, they demean others by calling them hayop or animal. Thus, pagmumura is the demeaning of someone, whether by language or by deed, as there is slander by word and slander by deed (Hornedo, 1997). </p><p> But pagmumura is the demeaning of someone not only by language but </p><p>also by deed. When a man sees to it with great care to educate his children, he is expressing in deed his value for the children. But when he acts towards the servants who might be as old as his children with abuse and desecration, he is in effect devaluing their worth and stunting their personal growth. By the premises we have set above, this parent shows pagmamahal toward his children but pagmumura towards the servants. Here is where the judgment of universal pagmamahal lies (Hornedo, 1997). </p><p> Time has really gone through some visible changes, changes in traditions </p><p>and values particularly. Gone are the days when Filipino children used to exercise the Filipino tradition of pagmamano to elderly people when meeting them on the streets as sign of respect, when young adults have strict curfews, and are not allowed to go on dates except in social gatherings together with their families or with a chaperon. We see many deformities and decay in our moral values today, the pagmumura concept as explained by Dr. Florentino Hornedo is true in these modern era, when youngsters engage into drugs, premarital sex and abortion. We can also cite simple examples that relate to the concept of pagmumura, one example is when one person tries to make his way on a queue bypassing other people who are hours waiting patiently on their line. I bet if anyone of us experiences this kind of rude and ill-mannered person, we will surely crack our heads in anger. Or in a bus or LRT station, on your way to school, you suddenly see a very old lady, standing and adjacent to the very old lady is a robust, young man sitting comfortably in his seat, you suddenly wonder, if that man will ever offer the poor old lady his seat. </p></li><li><p> CHAPTER 2: A CHRISTIAN CALL AND THE THOMASIAN RESPONSE Page 8 of 19 </p><p>Have you ever been that rude, ill-mannered person who makes his way in a queue? Or that insensitive young person who never offered a seat to the poor lady in a bus? </p><p> We can cite many examples in our day-to-day dealings with other people </p><p>wherein we can say that there is valuing of ones worth and dignity. As a student, do you genuinely gree...</p></li></ul>