Understanding the First Five Books of the BibleNarrative and Development of the PentateuchHow We Read the Pentateuch Ancestor Stories in the Book of GenesisThe Beginning of Gods Revelation The Great FloodAbraham and the PatriarchsThe Blessing of JacobJoseph and His Brothers The Book of Exodus The Wandering of the People in the WildernessThe Mosaic Law CodesSacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods Word Part 1A The Pentateuch
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchSource Theory for the Pentateuch
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Two Stories of CreationFirst Story of Creation Genesis 1:12:4a seven days of creation the setting is waterOrder of creation: plants, animals, humans man is created at the same moment in the image of GodSecond Story of Creation Genesis 2:4b25 setting is barren land order of creation: human, plants, animals God creates man out of the mud and breathes life into man man is named: Adam and Eve
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchReligious Truths Revealed in the Stories of Creation 1. There is only one God. 2. God planned creation. 3. Everything God made is good. 4. The Sabbath is a special day of rest and worship.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchHow We Read the Pentateuch 1. Any and all parts of Scripture must be read and interpreted in relation to the whole.No matter the various sources and human authors of the Pentateuch, Scripture must be read as a unity by reason of Gods plan, of which Jesus is the center and heart, open since his Passover (CCC, 112). 2. The Church has the primary role in arbitrating the meaning of Scripture What characterizes Catholic exegesis is that it deliberately places itself within the living Tradition of the Church. . . . (Pontifical Biblical Commission)
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchTwo Main Kinds of Writing in the Pentateuch 1. Narrative stories collected in two main groups:(a) the Ancestor Stories of Genesis(b) the Moses/Exodus Story2. The Collections of Mosiac Laws
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The Pentateuch Truths Revealed by Gods Creative Actions 1. God alone created the universe freely, directly, and without any help. 2. God created everything through the eternal Word, his begotten Son, Jesus.3. Creation is the common work of the Holy Trinity.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchCovenants Between Human Beings and GodCovenant with AbrahamIsaac speaks to JacobJacob takes the name IsraelCovenant with MosesThe giving of the LawThe New Covenant of Jesus Christ
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A PentateuchThe Fall of ManOriginal Sin A voluntary sin committed by our first parents The loss of original holiness and original justiceMan preferred himself to GodSecond Story of Creation Harmony of original holiness Harmony of original justiceGods Response An immediate offer of his mercy The first promise of a RedeemerI will put enmity between you and the womanand between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel. (Gn 3:15)
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Great FloodUnique teachings of the Hebrew version: Humanity is to be destroyed because they are evil and constantly doing violence to each other. Noah is saved because he is a righteous man. Noah only takes animals while the Gilgamesh hero takes money on the ark. The Hebrew version represents a second creation story. Noah takes the place of a new a new Adam.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Tower of Babel Tells how the sin of pride brought into the world by the sin of Adam increased to the point that an entire city tried to make itself God. Secondarily, it shows in an imaginative way how the many different languages of the world came to be a hopeful gesture to humankind. It takes place in Shinar an ancient biblical reference to Babylon, itself symbol for any oppressive empire or state.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchWhat the primeval history of Genesis tell us about the Hebrew people: Gods will is to create a people in his image. Gods will is peace, not violence. Gods will is trust and truthfulness. Gods will is care for creation. Gods will is joyful diversity. God is not impressed with material accomplishments but with how we care for each other and also how we care for the created environment.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Patriarchs Key figures: Abraham chapters 1223, 25 (13) Isaac chapters 24, 2627 (3) Jacob chapters 2835, 49 (9) Joseph chapters 3748, 50 (12)
God used these very human personalities to accomplish the divine will: the creation and preservation of a special People who would reveal God to all the nations.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchImportant elements of the Abraham story: 1. Gods message always travels as seen in the stories of Abraham, the Exodus, the Jewish Diaspora, St. Paul. 2. Gods assures Abraham that the Divine Word would come about and be maintained through his posterity.3. Requirements of Gods covenant with Abraham: a. Abrahams: Go forth from the land of your kinsfolk to a land that I will show you.b.Gods: I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you All the communities of the earth shall find blessing in you.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchParallels between the stories of Abraham and Moses: Abraham He wondered throughout the known world Signs of the covenant: he and his wifes names are changed; the symbol of circumcisionMoses The Hebrews journey out of Egypt following the Exodus Sign of the covenant: the giving of the Law
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThreats in the patriarchal stories Sarah experiences the captivity of Pharaoh, and thus anticipates the later oppression of the Hebrews Sarah has doubts that she really is going to be the bearer of the promised descendents of Israel Abrahams near sacrifice of Isaac Christians read the passage about Abraham and Isaac as an anticipation of another Father who is anguished at the human demand that he sacrifice a son on the Cross
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Exodus These stories were likely collected and edited at the time of the Babylonian exile. They tell of the miraculous release of the Israelites from Egypt, their journey across the Red Sea to Mount Sinai, where they entered into a special covenant with God. At Mount Sinai, through Moses, God gave the Israelites the Law which allowed them to become a holy people. The Exodus marked the beginning of Israels history as a separate nation: God singled them out to witness to the one, true Lord.
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchLiberation God will use Moses as the instrument to liberate his people I am who I am is a mysterious name because God is a mystery The plague stories:a. teach us about God and the formation the Israelitesb. teach that God liberates the oppressedc. teach that earthly powers cannot maintain oppression when God wills liberationd. teach that with liberation comes responsibility
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Sinai Covenant The Israelites became a Chosen People at Mount Sinai and the reception of Gods Law Results of the Sinai Covenant: 1. It bound God and the Chosen People in a loving union 2. It revealed Gods special love and mercy for them 3. It stipulated how Gods People were to respond to his love and uphold their part of the covenant: following the commandments and being faithful to God through obedience and worship
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Mosaic Law Codes There are three different collections of the Law: (a) the Covenant Code (Ex 2023), (b) The Deuteronomic Code (Dt 528), and the Levitical Code (Book of Leviticus) All three collections contain civil laws and religious laws All three collections reflect what was valued in the early life of Israel: family, integrity, property, and animals The emphasis of biblical laws is not on guilt and punishment, but on restoration of the community and the maintenance of social life
Sacred Scripture: A Catholic Study of Gods WordPart 1A The PentateuchThe Levitical Code 1. Laws of Sacrifice the sacrificial gift represented repentance and sorrow, and served as the symbolic act of asking God for forgiveness2. Purity Laws reflected a minority society concerned about threats of assimilation with foreign cultures3. Laws of Jubilee show a radical concern for social justice and reflect a concern to deal with fair distribution of resources on a regular basis