The Great Fire of London in 1666 started on 2nd September and finished on 6th September.
The number of people living in London at that time was 600,000 and about one sixth of them lost their houses.
Many buildings (more less 13,200) burned down and 80,000 people were left without a house.
London lost more than 87 churches, including the beautiful Saint Pauls Cathedral.
Only 6 people lost their lives
The cost of the fire was about 30 million euros (London only made about 18,000 euros a year at that time)
SUNDAY The fire started at Thomas Farriner's bakery in Pudding Lane a on Sunday 2 September at 1:00am. The family was trapped upstairs, but managed to climb from an upstairs window to the house next door, except for a maid who was too frightened to try, and became the first victim.
They ran to the river and there were hundred of people on boats leaving.
When the hours passed everything was on fire, all the houses, churches and other buildings.
THE NEXT DAYS During the next days, the fire was expanding in all directions and more buildings were destroyed. But TUESDAY was the day of the greatest destruction.
Everybody had thought St. Paul's Cathedral was safe refuge, with its thick stone walls. A lot of people were there to be safe and they kept some of the things they could take from their houses. However, the building was covered in wooden scaffolding. The scaffolding caught fire on Tuesday night. Within half an hour, the lead roof was melting, and the books and papers in the cathedral helped the fire get bigger. The cathedral was quickly a ruin.
Christopher Wren was a famous English architect. After the fire, he made plans for a beautiful new city.
King Charles II liked his plans, but people wanted to go back to their homes quickly. There wasnt time to build everything again.
So the king told Wren to build all the London churches again. For 50 years, Wren did that and he built a new Saint Pauls Cathedral, the one we can see nowadays.He also designed The Monument to the Great Fire of London