Southeast Asia - 2018-08-31آ  Southeast Asia Physical Geography • Southeast Asia has two kinds of page 1
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Text of Southeast Asia - 2018-08-31آ  Southeast Asia Physical Geography • Southeast Asia has two...

  • 3/20/17

    1

    What economic activity may occur here?

    • Fishing & tourism

    Southeast Asia

    Physical Geography

    • Southeast Asia has two kinds of countries mainland & island.

    • Indonesia & the Philippines are islands that were once connected by land bridges (a strip of land connecting two land masses).

    • Glaciers that melted of 6,000 years ago caused the sea level to rise and those land bridges are now under water.

    Mainland Countries

    • Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos.

    • People in these countries rely on the regions rivers for transportation, food, drinking water, and irrigation.

    • They most live in small villages in the mountains or near waterways.

    Mainland Countries

    • Generally has a tropical climate. • Temperatures vary based on elevation and distance from ocean.

    • Receive rainfall from May to September, the wet monsoon season.

    • Typhoons often strike during the wet season. • The rest of the year is the dry monsoon season.

    Myanmar (Burma) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Vietnam

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    2

    Cambodia Laos Laos

    Bangkok, Thailand Thailand Parallel Rivers

    The Mekong River • 2,600 miles long, runs through the middle of mainland southeast Asia. Longest river

    • The Mekong delta covers 25,000 miles and is densely populated as a major rice-growing area.

    Mekong Chao Phraya Irrawaddy

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    3

    Dolphins can be seen in the Irrawaddy River Parallel Rivers

    Chao Phraya River • Most important river in Thailand. • Used to irrigate rice fields and as a major transportation route.

    Irrawaddy River • Also supports rice farming and use for transportation.

    • Each year during the rainy season, it can rise more than 30 feet. Port must have two different docks to accommodate the varying river depth.

    • Important for aquatic life like dolphins and sharks.

    Malay Peninsula

    • Includes parts of Malaysia, Thailand, and Myanmar.

    • Tin and Bauxite are mined in the mountains. • 40% of the peninsulas land is covered with rain forests.

    • Rain forests are being cut down to make room for large farms of rubber and palm oil trees.

    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysian Landscape Island Countries

    • Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei, Singapore, and East Timor.

    • On the Ring of Fire- where the Eurasian, Indian, Philippine, and Australian tectonic plates come together.

    • Many active volcanoes • Experience frequent earthquakes and tsunamis. • In 2004, an earthquake caused tsunami near Sumatra killed at least 225,000 people.

    Indonesia

    • Made up of thousands of islands. • Largest population in the region • More volcanoes than any other country in the world.

    Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia

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    The Philippines

    • Most people live on lowland plains. • Soil made fertile by volcanic eruptions. • Manila- the capital is extremely large. • Outside of Manila, most people live in small rural settlements.

    • Depend on fishing and rice farming.

    Manila, Philippines Philippines

    Philippines Review Questions

    1. How does the climate of the two part of Southeast Asia differ?

    2. Why are the rivers so significant in this region?

    3. What is the longest river in this region? 4. What is mined in the mountains on the

    Malay peninsula?

    Review Questions

    5. Rainforest are being cut down to plan farms of what kind of trees?

    6. What is the Ring of Fire? 7. Earthquakes can cause what other natural disaster in this region?

    8. What is the largest country in this region?