The Recent Calamities of
Large oceanic movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the midSilurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north. Japan was originally attached to the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent. The subducting plates pulled Japan eastward, opening the Sea of Japan around 15 million years ago. Japan has 108 active volcanoes. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamis, occur several times each century.
Advanced Seismometers are used in Japan to predict earthquakes before large-scale largedestruction takes place.
Houses in Japan are made in bridge design, to withstand earthquakes.
Estimated Modified Mercalli Intensity Est. Population Exposure Perceived Shaking ---* Not Felt
Estimated Population Exposed to Earthquake Shaking IV V VIVII18,660k* Light 16,483k* Moderate 11,014k* Strong 37,706k* Very Strong 6,636k* Severe
IX31k* Violent 0
Resistant Potential Structure Damage Vulnerable
Communication & Transmission of Tsunami Warning to Localities & Civil Defense Authorities Present at Japan..TSUNAMI
L cal g vernment Central GovernmentTSUNAMI
Radi /Radio StationT UN MI
Tel ps, Warning maps
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS blast as the Generators are damaged due to the EarthquakeONAGAWA [BWR]
1: 498 MWe ( 84), 2: 796 MWe ( 95), 3: 796 MWe ( 02).
FUKUSHIMA (1) DAIICHI [BWR]
1: 439 MWe ( 71) 2-5: 760 MWe ( 74, 76, 78, 78) 6: 1067 MWe ( 79) [BWR]
FUKUSHIMA (2) DAINI
FUKUSHIMA REACTOR STATUSREACTOR 1 REACTOR 2 REACTOR 3 REACTOR 4 REACTOR 5 REACTOR 6
1-4: 1067 MWe ( 82, 84, 85, 87)
Partial core meltdown
Potential meltdown feared
Blast, debris, radiation leak
Fire; water levels dropping
Water levels dropping
Heat rising in spent fuel pool
NOTE: i F
l v l ri w r l t.
tl v l
HEALTH THREAT FROM A NUCLEAR ACCIDENTContaminated Soil Contaminated Air Exposure Burns to e es/skin Molds/Allergens Inhalation GI Tra t ARS Th roid Can er
Se ondar Fires
Loss of Transportation Net orks Loss of Assets Displa ement
Loss of Emplo ment Loss of A ess To Food/Water
So io-E onomi
Loss of Shelter
Meningitis Measles Malnutrition Deh dration Diarrhoea
Nu lear A ident
Loss of Utilities Fires and Explosions
Loss of Communi ations Loss of Essential Ser i es
Dela s/ Inabilit to E a uate A ess to are prohibited Trauma/Wounds Burns Radiation Blast Maternal & Neonatal Chroni Disease Burns/Smoke Inhalation Exposure
Contaminated Water Radiation Contamination Radiation Exposure
Rea tions of the GOVERNMENT OF JAPANThe National Emergency Management Committee, led by the Prime Minister, has been established to oversee and coordinate all response activities. All relevant ministries and agencies have been involved in the response. Ministr of Edu ation, Culture, Sports, S ien e and Te hnolog National Poli e Agen The Nippon Telephone and Telegraph (NTT) ompan The Ministr of Land, Infrastru ture, Transport and Tourism Ministr of Forests and Waters and Ministr of Finan e Poli e and Fire Department Transportation Coast Guard Ministr of Health,Labour and Welfare (MHLW)
The Government of Japan confirmed(on 17th March):Dead Injured Missing Rescued
Food meals distributed to the affected 550000 persons
NOTES: Sno and freezing temperatures hit the most se erel affe ted areas; food, ater and fuel shortages are the main on erns Fukushima Nu lear Po er Plant risis is still not under ontrol ith a fourth explosion. Constru tion of temporar shelters is a priorit in the ake of mass e a uations.
There are moments when you have to just walk away and cry
Shreshtha Sengupta Debonita Ghosh Subhas Das Sanmoy Maity Rounak Pramanik