Recent Calamities of Japan(Eathquake,Tsunami & Nuclear Explosion)

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A ppt on the recent earthquake,tsunami and nuclear explosions of japan..!!!

Text of Recent Calamities of Japan(Eathquake,Tsunami & Nuclear Explosion)

The Recent Calamities of

Large oceanic movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the midSilurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north. Japan was originally attached to the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent. The subducting plates pulled Japan eastward, opening the Sea of Japan around 15 million years ago. Japan has 108 active volcanoes. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamis, occur several times each century.

Advanced Seismometers are used in Japan to predict earthquakes before large-scale largedestruction takes place.

Houses in Japan are made in bridge design, to withstand earthquakes.

Estimated Modified Mercalli Intensity Est. Population Exposure Perceived Shaking ---* Not Felt

I

II-III399k* Weak

Estimated Population Exposed to Earthquake Shaking IV V VIVII18,660k* Light 16,483k* Moderate 11,014k* Strong 37,706k* Very Strong 6,636k* Severe

VIII

IX31k* Violent 0

X

Extreme

Resistant Potential Structure Damage Vulnerable

none

none

none

V. Light

Light

Moderate

Moderate/Heavy

Heavy

V. Heavy

none

none

none

Light

Moderate

Moderate/Heavy

Heavy

V. Heavy

V. Heavy

Communication & Transmission of Tsunami Warning to Localities & Civil Defense Authorities Present at Japan..TSUNAMI

L cal g vernment Central GovernmentTSUNAMI

Radi /Radio StationT UN MI

TV

Tel ps, Warning maps

Signboard

13

NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS blast as the Generators are damaged due to the EarthquakeONAGAWA [BWR]

1: 498 MWe ( 84), 2: 796 MWe ( 95), 3: 796 MWe ( 02).

FUKUSHIMA (1) DAIICHI [BWR]

1: 439 MWe ( 71) 2-5: 760 MWe ( 74, 76, 78, 78) 6: 1067 MWe ( 79) [BWR]

FUKUSHIMA (2) DAINI

FUKUSHIMA REACTOR STATUSREACTOR 1 REACTOR 2 REACTOR 3 REACTOR 4 REACTOR 5 REACTOR 6

1-4: 1067 MWe ( 82, 84, 85, 87)

Partial core meltdown

Potential meltdown feared

Blast, debris, radiation leak

Fire; water levels dropping

Water levels dropping

Heat rising in spent fuel pool

NOTE: i F

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ly

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HEALTH THREAT FROM A NUCLEAR ACCIDENTContaminated Soil Contaminated Air Exposure Burns to e es/skin Molds/Allergens Inhalation GI Tra t ARS Th roid Can er

Se ondar Fires

Loss of Transportation Net orks Loss of Assets Displa ement

Loss of Emplo ment Loss of A ess To Food/Water

So io-E onomi

Loss of Shelter

Meningitis Measles Malnutrition Deh dration Diarrhoea

Nu lear A ident

Infrastru ture

Loss of Utilities Fires and Explosions

Loss of Communi ations Loss of Essential Ser i es

Dela s/ Inabilit to E a uate A ess to are prohibited Trauma/Wounds Burns Radiation Blast Maternal & Neonatal Chroni Disease Burns/Smoke Inhalation Exposure

Contaminated Food

En ironmental

Contaminated Water Radiation Contamination Radiation Exposure

Rea tions of the GOVERNMENT OF JAPANThe National Emergency Management Committee, led by the Prime Minister, has been established to oversee and coordinate all response activities. All relevant ministries and agencies have been involved in the response. Ministr of Edu ation, Culture, Sports, S ien e and Te hnolog National Poli e Agen The Nippon Telephone and Telegraph (NTT) ompan The Ministr of Land, Infrastru ture, Transport and Tourism Ministr of Forests and Waters and Ministr of Finan e Poli e and Fire Department Transportation Coast Guard Ministr of Health,Labour and Welfare (MHLW)

The Government of Japan confirmed(on 17th March):Dead Injured Missing Rescued

Food meals distributed to the affected 550000 persons

5178 Persons

2285 Persons

7844-8193 Persons

25460 Persons

NOTES: Sno and freezing temperatures hit the most se erel affe ted areas; food, ater and fuel shortages are the main on erns Fukushima Nu lear Po er Plant risis is still not under ontrol ith a fourth explosion. Constru tion of temporar shelters is a priorit in the ake of mass e a uations.

There are moments when you have to just walk away and cry

Shreshtha Sengupta Debonita Ghosh Subhas Das Sanmoy Maity Rounak Pramanik