POVERTY IMPACT ASSESSMENT Poverty impact assessment arrangements in the EU : an overview Hugh Frazer Coordinator, EU Network of Independent Experts on.

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    31-Dec-2015

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<ul><li><p>POVERTY IMPACT ASSESSMENT</p><p>Poverty impact assessment arrangements in the EU : an overview</p><p>Hugh Frazer</p><p>Coordinator, EU Network of Independent Experts on Social InclusionAdjunct Expert, National University of Ireland (Maynooth)</p></li><li><p>DefinitionPoverty Impact Assessments (PIAs)a political commitment to undertake systematic ex-ante assessment of the likely poverty impacts of policy measures in any area </p><p>Overlap with Social Impact Assessments</p></li><li><p>PIAs in Joint Reports and NAPs/inclusionHighlighted by European CommissionSince 2002 Joint Report on Social Inclusion2002: Ireland (poverty proofing), UK (Targeting Social Need)2004: Ireland, UK, Germany, Portugal</p><p>2008-2010 NAPs/inclusion a few countries developing PIAs Belgium: strengthens poverty aspect of sustainability development impact assessmentSlovakia: testing an integrated impact assessment system with a social impact componentLithuania: announces ex ante assessment of the impact of all proposed laws on social exclusion and povertyIreland: adopts revised PIA guidelinesEstonia: assesses social impacts of some policiesAustria: social affairs ministry to commission a study about possible impacts, synergies and interactions of the Lisbon Strategy and the OMC in Austria</p></li><li><p>PIAs and feeding in and feeding outOverall countries very limited use of PIAs in the context of their 2008-2010 NRPs on growth and jobs</p><p>A few more positive instances (though often ex post)Belgium: social dimension to sustainability impact assessmentsRomania: PIA at early stage of development but more political concern to improve procedures. During 2007-2008 - a training of 120 specialists within ministries focused on impact analysis / evaluation techniquesSlovakia: May 2008, the government approved the unified methodology for the assessment of the impacts of legislative measures on public finances, employment and the business environment, social situation of inhabitants (households income and expenditure, social exclusion, equality of opportunities, gender equality), environment and information societySpain: the assessment of the impact of employment and growth policies on social inclusion and vice versa is being developed (State Agency for Service Assessment and Qualitys policy assessment programme)Ireland: assessment of active inclusion provisions in the National Skills StrategyLuxembourg: Observatory of Competitiveness includes social cohesion as one of 10 categories of indicators to be measuredNetherlands: study on the long run employment effects of active labour market measures (Hmlinen and Tuomola, 2006).Portugal: external evaluation of users of the National Network of Continued Integrated Care</p></li><li><p>PIAs and child povertyVery limited use of PIAs</p><p>Italy: in 2006 government commitment to apply a coherent family impact assessment of sectoral policies (education, health, housing, transport and so on)</p><p>Finnish National Committee on the Rights of the Child: a model for the assessment of child-related consequences of societys actions:Impact on: healthliving conditions and movementImpact on involvement and participationequalitythe familys finances and on servicesthe community and the area</p></li><li><p>PIAs and the financial and economic crisisVery limited useBut some interesting examplesSlovakia:uniform methodology for assessment of selected impacts approved in 2008Ireland: Office for Social Inclusion analysis of the likely impact of the McCarthy Reports suggested reform of government expenditure programmes (as part of budgetary process)Latvia: some progress in involving stakeholders in decision making upon the implementation of measures for reducing the financial and economic crisisRomania: recent social impact assessment, the Rapid Assessment, has been prepared by international organisations (UNICEF and World Bank) with the collaboration of local institutions and experts</p></li><li><p>Why impact assessments?assist policy-makers to assess the distributional consequences of policy choices and impact on povertyhelp to ensure the social cost of any policy decision is taken into account before decisions are madecontribute to more effective and efficient social policy measures; contribute to avoiding unintended consequences (negative social impacts) of non social policies;encourage evidence-based policy-making and the use of quantitative and qualitative studies;promote a comprehensive and multi-dimensional approach and promote awareness-raising among a wider range of policy-makerscan increase the transparency of decision making and the greater involvement of all stakeholders</p></li><li><p>Lessons for the FutureAvoid rubber stampingensure happen early in process (not after decisions taken) Include requirement to consider remedies to address negative consequences</p><p>Ensure participation of stakeholders and policy analysts need to be more than an internal administrative process</p><p>Invest in capacity buildinglack of expertise a major barrier in many Member Stateslack of relevant and timely data put in place training and support mechanisms for those responsibleregular monitoring of how PIAs are being undertaken</p><p>More proactive role for the Commissionmethodological support (perhaps a tool box on how to undertake PIAs)disseminating examples of good practice (including the ECs own assessment reports)supporting research fostering stakeholder involvement Europes 2020 agenda</p></li><li><p>Lessons for the FutureDevelop integrated impact assessmentsmultiplicity or inflation of impact assessments can lead to superficial assessmentsintegrate PIAs into more comprehensive assessment procedure (e.g. covering economic, environmental, employment, equality and social objectives) e.g. sustainability impact assessments</p><p>Take account of different groupsnot just in general at impact on poverty in-depth impacts on different groupsintergenerational and gender differencesThus both qualitative and quantitative elements</p><p>Ensure effective policy coordinationnecessary if PIAs are to have much actual impact. </p><p>Political commitment vitalpolitical commitment to overcoming poverty and inequality and building a fair society a necessary context political leadership: must insist that PIAs are much more than a bureaucratic box ticking or paper exercisenational parliaments can play a key role by insisting on PIAs for all legislative proposals</p></li></ul>

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