Nikon D2Xs Manual

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    En

    The Nikon Guide to Digital Photography

    with the

    DIGITAL CAMERA

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    The documentation for this product includes the manuals listed below.Please be sure to read all instructions thoroughly to get the most from yourcamera.

    Quick Start GuideThe Quick Start Guide takes you through the process of unpacking andsetting up your Nikon digital camera, taking your first photographs, andtransferring them to your computer.

    Guide to Digital Photography The Guide to Digital Photography (this manual) provides complete oper-ating instructions for your camera.

    PictureProject reference CDThe PictureProject reference CD contains information on installing and us-ing PictureProject. See the Quick Start Guide for viewing instructions.

    CAUTION: Foreign Matter on the Low-Pass FilterNikon takes every possible precaution to prevent foreign matter from coming intocontact with the low-pass filter during production and shipping. The D2Xs, however,is designed to be used with interchangeable lenses, and foreign matter may enter the

    camera when lenses are removed or exchanged. Once inside the camera, this foreignmatter may adhere to the low-pass filter, where it may appear in photographs takenunder certain conditions. To prevent foreign matter from entering the camera, donot exchange lenses in dusty environments. To protect the camera when no lens is inplace, be sure to replace the body cap provided with the camera, being careful to firstremove all dust and other foreign matter that may be adhering to the body cap.

    Should foreign matter find its way onto the low-pass filter, clean the low-pass filter asinstructed on pages 256–257 of this manual, or have the low-pass filter cleaned by

    authorized Nikon service personnel. Photographs affected by the presence of foreignmatter on the low-pass filter can be retouched using Capture NX (available separately)or the clean image options available in some third-party imaging software.

    Product Documentation 

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    Then read “Overview” and “Getting to Know theCamera” to acquaint yourself with the conventionsused in this manual and the names of camera parts,then set up the camera as described in “First Steps.”

    How to Read This Manual 

    First, be aware of the warnings, cautions, and notices on pages ii–vii.

    …and on accessories and troubleshooting.

    …on connecting to a computer, printer, or TV…

    …on recording and playing voice memos…

    Refer to these chapters for more on playback…

    Once you have mastered the basics of digital pho-tography, you can read these sections for completeinformation on when and how to use cameracontrols.

    Now you are ready to take photographs and playthem back.

    …on camera menus and custom settings…

    High-Speed Crop

    Using a GPS Unit

    Overlay / Multiple Exposure

    Two-Button Reset

    Non-CPU Lenses

    Overview

    Interval Timer Photography

    Self-Timer Mode

    Image Quality and Size

    ISO Sensitivity

    White Balance

    Image Adjustment

    Flash Photography

    Exposure

    Focus

    First Steps

    Getting to Know the Camera

    Basic Photography

    Choosing a Shooting Mode

    Basic Playback

    Voice Memos

    More About Playback

    Technical Notes

    Connections

    Menu Guide

    Trimming Photographs

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    ii 

    WARNINGS  Do not look at the sun through the view- finderViewing the sun or other strong lightsource through the viewfinder couldcause permanent visual impairment.

      Turn off immediately in the event ofmalfunctionShould you notice smoke or an unusual

    smell coming from the equipment,quick charger, or AC adapter (availableseparately), unplug the AC adapterand remove the battery immediately,taking care to avoid burns. Continuedoperation could result in injury. Afterremoving the battery, take the equipmentto a Nikon-authorized service center forinspection.

      Do not use in the presence of flam- mable gasDo not use electronic equipment in thepresence of flammable gas, as this couldresult in explosion or fire.

      Do not place strap around the neck ofan infant or childPlacing the camera strap around theneck of an infant or child could resultin strangulation.

      Do not disassembleTouching the internal parts of the cameraor quick charger could result in injury. Inthe event of a malfunction, the productshould be repaired only by a qualified tech- nician. Should the product break openas the result of a fall or other accident,remove the battery and/or AC adapter andthen take the product to a Nikon-autho-rized service center for inspection.

      Observe proper precautions when han- dling batteriesBatteries may leak or explode if im- properly handled. Observe the followingprecautions when handling batteries foruse in this product:

    • Be sure the product is off before re- placing batteries. If you are using an

    AC adapter, be sure it is unplugged.• Use only batteries approved for use in

    this equipment.• Use only CR1616 lithium batteries to re-

    place the clock battery. Using anothertype of battery could cause an explosion.Dispose of used batteries as directed.

    • Do not attempt to insert batteries upsidedown or backwards.

    • Do not short or disassemble batteries.• Do not expose batteries to flame or to

    excessive heat.

    For Your Safety 

    To prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or to others,read the following safety precautions in their entirety before using this equip-ment. Keep these safety instructions where all those who use the product

    will read them.The consequences that could result from failure to observe the precautionslisted in this section are indicated by the following symbol:

    This icon marks warnings, information that should be read before using thisNikon product to prevent possible injury.

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    iii 

    • Do not immerse in or expose to water.• Batteries are prone to leakage when

    fully discharged. To avoid damage tothe product, be sure to remove batteries

    when no charge remains.• Discontinue use immediately should you

    notice any changes in the batteries, suchas discoloration or deformation.

    • Replace the terminal cover when trans-porting EN-EL4a rechargeable Li-ion bat-teries. Do not transport or store with metalobjects such as necklaces or hairpins.

    • When EN-EL4a batteries are not in use,

    attach the terminal cover and store in acool place.• Immediately after use, or when the

    product is used on battery power foran extended period, the EN-EL4a batterymay become hot. Before removing thebattery, turn the camera off and allowthe battery to cool.

      Observe proper precautions when han- dling the quick charger

    • Keep dry. Failure to observe this precau-tion could result in fire or electric shock.

    • Dust on or near the metal parts of theplug should be removed with a dry cloth.Continued use could result in fire.

    • Do not handle the power cable or gonear the charger during thunderstorms.Failure to observe this precaution couldresult in electric shock.

    • Do not damage, modify, forcibly tug orbend the power cable, place it underheavy objects, or expose it to heat orflame. Should the insulation be dam-aged and the wires become exposed,take it to a Nikon-authorized servicerepresentative for inspection. Failure toobserve these precautions could resultin fire or electric shock.

    • Do not handle the plug or charger withwet hands. Failure to observe this pre-caution could result in electric shock.

      Use appropriate cablesWhen connecting cables to the input andoutput jacks, use only the cables pro- vided or sold by Nikon for the purpose,

    to maintain compliance with productregulations.

      Keep out of reach of childrenParticular care should be taken to preventinfants from putting the battery or othersmall parts into their mouths.

      Removing memory cardsMemory cards may become hot dur- ing use. Observe due caution when

    removing memory cards from thecamera.

      CD-ROMsThe CD-ROMs on which the softwareand manuals are distributed should notbe played back on audio CD equipment.Playing CD-ROMs on an audio CD playercould cause hearing loss or damage theequipment.

      Observe caution when using a flashUsing a flash close to your sub ject’s eyescould cause temporary visual impairment.Particular care should be observed ifphotographing infants, when the flashshould be no less than one meter (39˝)from the sub ject.

      When using the viewfinderWhen operating the diopter ad justment

    control with your eye to the viewfinder,care should be taken not to put yourfinger in your eye accidentally.

      Avoid contact with liquid crystalShould the monitor break, care shouldbe taken to avoid injury due to brokenglass and to prevent liquid crystal fromthe monitor touching the skin or enteringthe eyes or mouth.

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    iv 

    Do not dropThe product may malfunction if sub jected tostrong shocks or vibration.

    Keep dryThis product is not waterproof, and maymalfunction if immersed in water or exposedto high levels of humidity. Rusting of theinternal mechanism can cause irreparabledamage.

    Avoid sudden changes in temperatureSudden changes in temperature, such as oc- cur when entering or leaving a heat ed build-

     ing on a cold day, can cause condensationinside the device. To prevent condensation,place the device in a carrying case or a plasticbag before exposing it to sudden changes intemperature.

    Keep away from strong magnetic fieldsDo not use or store this device in the vicinityof equipment that generates strong elec- tromagnetic radiation or magnetic fields.

    Strong static charges or the magnetic fieldsproduced by equipment such as radio trans- mitters could interfere with the monitor,damage data stored on the memory card, oraffect the product’s internal circuitry.

    Do not point the lens at strong light sourcesfor extended periodsAvoid pointing the lens at the sun or otherstrong light sources for extended periods

    when using or storing the camera. Intenselight may cause deterioration in the imagesensor, producing a white blur effect inphotographs.

    Do not touch the shutter curtainThe shutter curtain is extremely thin andeasily damaged. Under no circumstancesshould you exert pressure on the curtain,poke it with cleaning tools, or sub ject it to

    powerful air currents from a blower. Theseactions could scratch, deform, or tear thecurtain.

    Handle all moving parts with careDo not apply force to the battery-chamber,card-slot, or connector covers. These partsare especially susceptible to damage.

    Cleaning• When cleaning the camera body, use a

    blower to remove dust and lint, then wipegently with a soft, dry cloth. After usingyour camera at the beach or seaside, wipeoff any sand or salt using a cloth lightlydampened with pure water and then dryyour camera thoroughly. In rare instances,static electricity produced by a brush or

    cloth may cause the LCD displays to lightup or darken. This does not indicate amalfunction, and the display will shortlyreturn to normal.

    • When cleaning the lens and mirror, re- member that these elements are easilydamaged. Dust and lint should be gentlyremoved with a blower. When using anaerosol blower, keep the can vertical (tilt-

    ing the can could result in liquid beingsprayed on the mirror). If you do get afingerprint or other stain on the lens, ap-ply a small amount of lens cleaner to a softcloth and wipe the lens carefully.

    • See “Technical Notes: Caring for YourCamera” for information on cleaning thelow-pass filter ( 256).

    Storage

    • To prevent mold or mildew, store the cam- era in a dry, well-ventilated area. If youwill not be using the product for long pe- riods, remove the battery to prevent leak- age and store the camera in a plastic bagcontaining a desiccant. Do not, however,store the camera case in a plastic bag, asthis may cause the material to deteriorate.Note that desiccant gradually loses its ca- pacity to absorb moisture and should bereplaced at regular intervals.

    Caring for the Camera and Battery 

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    • Do not store the camera with naphtha orcamphor moth balls, close to equipmentthat produces strong magnetic fields, or inareas subject to extremes of temperature,

    for example near a space heater or in aclosed vehicle on a hot day.

    • To prevent mold or mildew, take the cam- era out of storage at least once a month.Turn the camera on and release the shut- ter a few times before putting the cameraaway again.

    • Store the battery in a cool, dry place. Re-place the terminal cover before putting

    the battery away.Notes on the monitor• The monitor may contain a few pixels that

    are always lit or that do not light. This isa characteristic common to all TFT LCDmonitors and does not indicate a malfunc-tion. Images recorded with the productwill not be affected.

    • Images in the monitor may be difficult to

    see in a bright light.• Do not apply pressure to the monitor; thiscould cause damage or malfunction. Dustor lint on the monitor can be removedwith a blower. Stains can be removedby rubbing the surface lightly with a softcloth or chamois leather.

    • Should the monitor break, care should betaken to avoid injury due to broken glassand to prevent the liquid crystal from the

    monitor touching the skin or entering theeyes or mouth.

    • Replace the monitor cover when trans- porting the camera or leaving it unat-tended.

    Turn the product off before removing or dis-connecting the power sourceDo not unplug the product or remove thebattery while the product is on, or whileimages are being recorded or deleted. Forc- ibly cutting power to the product in these

    circumstances could result in loss of data orin damage to product memory or internalcircuitry. To prevent an accidental inter-ruption of power, avoid carrying the product

    from one location to another while the ACadapter is connected.

    Batteries• When you turn the device on, check the

    battery-level displayed in the control panelto determine whether the battery needsto be replaced. The battery needs to bereplaced when the battery-level indicatoris flashing.

    • Ready a spare battery and keep it fullycharged when taking photographs on im- portant occasions. Depending on your lo- cation, you may find it difficult to purchasereplacement batteries on short notice.

    • On cold days, the capacity of batteriestends to decrease. Be sure the battery isfully charged before taking photographsoutside in cold weather. Keep a spare

    battery in a warm place and ex change thetwo as necessary. Once warmed, a coldbattery may recover some of its charge.

    • Should the battery terminals become dirty,wipe them off with a clean, dry cloth be- fore use.

    • After removing the battery from the cam- era, be sure to replace the terminal cover.

    Memory cards

    • Turn the power off before inserting orremoving memory cards. Insert ing orremoving cards with the power on couldrender them unusable.

    • Insert memory cards asshown in the illustrationat right. Inserting cardsupside down or back- wards could damage thecamera or the card.

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    vi 

    Notice for customers in the U.S.A.

    Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Radio Frequency Interference Statement

    D2XsTested To Comply

    With FCC Standards

    FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE

    Notices 

    CAUTIONSModificationsThe FCC requires the user to be notifiedthat any changes or modifications made to

    this device that are not expressly approvedby Nikon Corporation may void the user’sauthority to operate the equipment.

    Interface CablesUse the interface cables sold or provided byNikon for your equipment. Using other inter-face cables may exceed the limits of Class BPart 15 of the FCC rules.

    Notice for customers in the State of CaliforniaWARNING: Handling the cord on this productwill expose you to lead, a chemical known tothe State of California to cause birth defectsor other reproductive harm. Wash handsafter handling.

    Nikon Inc.,1300 Walt Whitman Road, Melville, New York11747-3064, U.S.A. Tel.: 631-547-4200

    • No part of the manuals included with thisproduct may be reproduced, transmitted,transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, ortranslated into any language in any form,

    by any means, without Nikon’s prior writ-ten permission.

    • Nikon reserves the right to change thespecifications of the hardware and soft-ware described in these manuals at anytime and without prior notice.

    • Nikon will not be held liable for any damag-es resulting from the use of this product.

    • While every effort has been made to ensurethat the information in these manuals is ac-

    curate and complete, we would appreciateit were you to bring any errors or omissionsto the attention of the Nikon representativein your area (address provided separately).

    This equipment has been tested and found

    to comply with the limits for a Class B digitaldevice, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.These limits are designed to provide reason-able protection against harmful interferencein a residential installation. This equipmentgenerates, uses, and can radiate radio fre-quency energy and, if not installed and usedin accordance with the instructions, maycause harmful interference to radio commu-

    nications. However, there is no guaranteethat interference will not occur in a particularinstallation. If this equipment does causeharmful interference to radio or television re-ception, which can be determined by turningthe equipment off and on, the user is encour-aged to try to correct the interference by oneor more of the following measures:• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.• Increase the separation between the equip-

    ment and receiver.• Connect the equipment into an outlet on

    a circuit different from that to which thereceiver is connected.

    • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/ television technician for help.

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    vii 

    Notice for customers in Canada

    CAUTIONThis class B digital apparatus meets all re-quirements of the Canadian Interference

    Causing Equipment Regulations.

    ATTENTIONCet appareil numérique de la classe B res-pecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur

    le matériel brouilleur du Canada.

    Notice Concerning Prohibition of Copying or Reproduction

    Note that simply being in possession of material that has been digitally copied or reproducedby means of a scanner, digital camera or other device may be punishable by law.

    • Items prohibited by law from beingcopied or reproducedDo not copy or reproduce paper money,coins, securities, government bonds, or lo-

    cal government bonds, even if such copiesor reproductions are stamped “Sample.”

    The copying or reproduction of paper mon-ey, coins, or securities which are circulatedin a foreign country is prohibited.

    Unless the prior permission of the govern-ment has been obtained, the copying orreproduction of unused postage stampsor post cards issued by the government is

    prohibited.The copying or reproduction of stamps is-sued by the government and of certifieddocuments stipulated by law is prohibited.

    • Cautions on certain copies and repro-ductionsThe government has issued cautions oncopies or reproductions of securities issued

    by private companies (shares, bills, checks,gift certificates, etc.), commuter passes, orcoupon tickets, except when a minimumof necessary copies are to be providedfor business use by a company. Also, donot copy or reproduce passports issued bythe government, licenses issued by publicagencies and private groups, ID cards, andtickets, such as passes and meal coupons.

    • Comply with copyright noticesThe copying or reproduction of copyrightedcreative works such as books, music, paint-ings, woodcut prints, maps, drawings,movies, and photographs is governed bynational and international copyright laws.Do not use this product for the purpose ofmaking illegal copies or to infringe copy-right laws.

    Disposing of Data Storage Devices

    Please note that deleting images or formatting memory cards or other data storage devicesdoes not completely erase the original image data. Deleted files can sometimes be recoveredfrom discarded storage devices using commercially available software, potentially resultingin the malicious use of personal image data. Ensuring the privacy of such data is the user’sresponsibility.

    Before discarding a data storage device or transferring ownership to another person, eraseall data using commercial deletion software, or format the device and then completely refill itwith images containing no private information (for example, pictures of empty sky). Be sureto also replace any pictures selected for preset white balance ( 60). Care should be takento avoid injury or damage to property when physically destroying data storage devices.

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    viii 

    Table of Contents

    For Your Safety ................................................................................................ ii

    Caring for the Camera and Battery................................................................ iv

    Notices.............................................................................................................. vi

    Introduction 1Overview.......................................................................................................... 2

    Getting to Know the Camera ......................................................................... 3

    First Steps......................................................................................................... 15Step 1—Attach the Camera Strap .................................................................... 15Step 2—Insert the Battery ................................................................................ 16Step 3—Basic Setup ......................................................................................... 17Step 4—Attach a Lens...................................................................................... 20Step 5—Insert a Memory Card ......................................................................... 22

    Tutorial 25Basic Photography........................................................................................... 26Step 1—Ready the Camera .............................................................................. 27Step 2—Adjust Camera Settings....................................................................... 29Step 3—Frame a Photograph ........................................................................... 31Step 4—Focus .................................................................................................. 32Step 5—Check Exposure .................................................................................. 33Step 6—Take the Photograph........................................................................... 34

    Basic Playback.................................................................................................. 35Taking Photographs 37

    Using Camera Menus ...................................................................................... 39

    High-Speed Crop ............................................................................................. 41

    Choosing a Shooting Mode ............................................................................ 43

    Image Quality and Size ................................................................................... 45Image Quality................................................................................................... 45Image Size........................................................................................................ 48

    ISO Sensitivity .................................................................................................. 52

    White Balance.................................................................................................. 55Fine-Tuning White Balance ............................................................................... 57Choosing a Color Temperature......................................................................... 59Preset White Balance........................................................................................ 60

    Image Adjustment........................................................................................... 68Making Edges More Distinct: Image Sharpening ............................................... 68Adjusting Contrast: Tone Compensation........................................................... 69Suiting Colors to a Workflow: Color Space ....................................................... 70

    Matching Colors to the Subject: Color Mode.................................................... 72Controlling Color: Hue Adjustment .................................................................. 73

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    ix 

    Focus................................................................................................................. 74Focus Mode ..................................................................................................... 74Focus Area Selection ........................................................................................ 76Autofocus ........................................................................................................ 78

    AF-Area Mode.............................................................................................. 78Focus Lock.................................................................................................... 82Getting Good Results with Autofocus ........................................................... 84

    Manual Focus................................................................................................... 85

    Exposure........................................................................................................... 86Metering.......................................................................................................... 86Exposure Mode ................................................................................................ 87Autoexposure Lock........................................................................................... 97

    Exposure Compensation................................................................................... 99Bracketing........................................................................................................ 100

    Flash Photography........................................................................................... 108Compatible Flash Units..................................................................................... 108Flash Sync Modes............................................................................................. 112FV Lock ............................................................................................................ 114Flash Contacts and Indicators ........................................................................... 116

    Overlay / Multiple Exposure ............................................................................. 118

    Trimming Photographs ................................................................................... 123

    Interval Timer Photography............................................................................ 125Self-Timer Mode .............................................................................................. 130

    Non-CPU Lenses ............................................................................................... 131

    Using a GPS Unit.............................................................................................. 135

    Two-Button Reset ............................................................................................ 136

    More About Playback 137Single-Image Playback...................................................................................... 138Photo Information............................................................................................ 139

    Viewing Multiple Images: Thumbnail Playback.................................................. 142Taking a Closer Look: Playback Zoom ............................................................... 144Protecting Photographs from Deletion.............................................................. 145Deleting Individual Photographs ....................................................................... 146

    Voice Memos 147Recording Voice Memos................................................................................... 148Playing Voice Memos........................................................................................ 152

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     x 

    Menu Guide 155

    The Playback Menu ......................................................................................... 156Delete .............................................................................................................. 156Playback Folder ................................................................................................ 158Slide Show....................................................................................................... 159Hide Image....................................................................................................... 161Print Set ........................................................................................................... 163Display Mode ................................................................................................... 166Image Review................................................................................................... 166After Delete ..................................................................................................... 167Rotate Tall ........................................................................................................ 167

    The Shooting Menu......................................................................................... 168

    Shooting Menu Bank........................................................................................ 169Reset Shooting Menu....................................................................................... 171Active Folder .................................................................................................... 172File Naming...................................................................................................... 173Image Quality................................................................................................... 174Image Size........................................................................................................ 174Hi-Speed Crop.................................................................................................. 174JPEG Compression............................................................................................ 174RAW Compression ........................................................................................... 175

    White Balance.................................................................................................. 175Long Exp. NR.................................................................................................... 175High ISO NR ..................................................................................................... 176ISO Sensitivity................................................................................................... 176Image Sharpening ............................................................................................ 176Tone Compensation ......................................................................................... 176Color Space...................................................................................................... 177Color Mode...................................................................................................... 177Hue Adjustment............................................................................................... 177

    Image Overlay .................................................................................................. 177Multiple Exposure............................................................................................. 177Trim ................................................................................................................. 178Interval Timer Shooting .................................................................................... 178Non-CPU Lens Data.......................................................................................... 178

    Custom Settings............................................................................................... 179

    The Setup Menu .............................................................................................. 213Format ............................................................................................................. 214LCD Brightness................................................................................................. 215

    Mirror Lock-up ................................................................................................. 215Video Mode ..................................................................................................... 216

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     xi 

    World Time ...................................................................................................... 216Language......................................................................................................... 216Image Comment .............................................................................................. 217Auto Image Rotation........................................................................................ 218

    Recent Settings ................................................................................................ 219Voice Memo..................................................................................................... 219Voice Memo Overwrite..................................................................................... 219Voice Memo Button ......................................................................................... 220Audio Output................................................................................................... 220USB.................................................................................................................. 220Dust Off Ref Photo........................................................................................... 221Battery Info ...................................................................................................... 223Wireless LAN.................................................................................................... 223Image Authentication....................................................................................... 231Save/Load Settings ........................................................................................... 232Firmware Version.............................................................................................. 232

    Connections 233

    Television Playback.......................................................................................... 234

    Connecting to a Computer ............................................................................. 235

    Connecting to a Printer................................................................................... 238

    Technical Notes 243

    Optional Accessories ....................................................................................... 244Lenses for the D2Xs.......................................................................................... 244Other Accessories for the D2Xs ........................................................................ 247

    Caring for the Camera .................................................................................... 253

    Troubleshooting .............................................................................................. 258

    Specifications................................................................................................... 261Quick Charger / Rechargeable Battery ............................................................... 265

    Index................................................................................................................. 271

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     xii 

    Trademark InformationMacintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are trademarks or registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Microsoftand Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Pentium is a trademark of Intel Corporation.CompactFlash is a trademark of SanDisk Corporation. Microdrive is a registered trademark of Hitachi Global Storage

    Technologies in the United States and/or other countries. Lexar Media is a trademark of Lexar Media Corporation.PictBridge is a trademark. All other trade names mentioned in this manual or the other documentation provided withyour Nikon product are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

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    1

    This chapter is divided into the following sec-tions:

    Overview Read this section for a description of how thismanual is organized and for an explanation ofthe symbols and conventions used.

    Getting to Know the CameraBookmark this section and refer to it for infor-mation on the names and functions of cameraparts.

    First StepsThis section details the steps required to readythe camera for use: inserting the battery andmemory card, attaching a lens and camera strap,and setting the date, time, and language.

    IntroductionGetting Started 

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     2

    I  nt r od uc t i  on—Over vi  ew

    This icon marks settings that can befine-tuned from the Custom Set- tings menu.

    This icon marks settings that can beadjusted using camera menus.

    Overview About This Manual 

     Take Test ShotsBefore taking pictures on important occasions (for example, at weddings or beforetaking the camera with you on a trip), take a test shot to ensure that the camera isfunctioning normally. Nikon will not be held liable for damages or lost profits that mayresult from product malfunction.

     Life-Long LearningAs part of Nikon’s “Life-Long Learning” commitment to ongoing product support andeducation, continually-updated information is available on-line at the following sites:• For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/ • For users in Europe and Africa: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support • For users in Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East: http://www.nikon-asia.com/ Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips, answersto frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital imaging and pho-

     tography. Additional information may be available from the Nikon representative inyour area. See the URL below for contact information:  http://nikonimaging.com/ 

    Thank you for your purchase of a Nikon D2Xs single-lens reflex (SLR) digitalcamera with interchangeable lenses. This manual has been written to helpyou enjoy taking pictures with your Nikon digital camera. Read this manual

    thoroughly before use, and keep it handy when using the product.To make it easier to find the information you need, the following symbolsand conventions are used:

    This icon marks cautions, informa-tion that should be read before useto prevent damage to the camera.

    This icon marks tips, additional in-formation that may be helpful whenusing the camera.

    This icon marks notes, informationthat should be read before usingthe camera.

    This icon indicates that more infor-mation is available elsewhere in thismanual or in the Quick Start Guide.

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    3

    I  n t r  o d  u c  t i   on— G e t  t i  n g t  o

    K n ow t h  e C  am er  a

    Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera controls and dis-plays. You may find it helpful to bookmark this section and refer to it as youread through the rest of the manual.

    Camera Body

     LCD IlluminatorsHolding the power switch in the position activates the exposure meters and control

    panel backlights (LCD illuminators), allowing the display to be read in the dark. Afterthe power switch is released, the illuminator will remain lit while the camera exposuremeters are active or until the shutter is released.

    Getting to Know the CameraCamera Controls and Displays

    Eyelet forcamera

    strap:15

    Mode dial lockrelease: 44

    Mode dial:44

    Bracketing ( )button: 100, 105

    Flash syncmode ( )button: 113

    Command lock ( )

    button: 96

    Accessory shoe:

    116

    Diopteradjustment

    knob: 31

    Top controlpanel: 6

    Exposure mode ( ) button: 87Format ( ) button: 23

    Exposurecompensation( ) button:

    99

    Shutter-releasebutton: 32, 34

    Power switch: 27

    Metering selector: 86

    Metering selectorlock button: 86

    Focal plane mark( ): 85

    Eyelet forcamerastrap:15

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    4

    I  nt r od uc t i  on—Get t i  ngt o

    K nowt h eC amer a

    Camera Body (continued) Ambient light sensor: 55, 60Self-timer lamp: 130

    Flash sync terminal: 116

    10-pin remote terminal: 251Audio / video (A / V) connector(under cover): 234Housings for flashsync and 10-pin re-mote terminal caps(on inside of cover)

    USB connector (under cover):236

    Lens release button: 21

    Focus-mode selector: 74

    Battery cover latch: 16

    DC-in connector

    (under cover): 247

    Sub-command dial:12

    Depth-of-field preview button:87

    Sub-commanddial for verticalshooting: 12

    Shutter-releasebutton for verticalshooting: 31

    Vertical shooting shutter-release button lock: 31, 75

    Connectorfor optionalwireless LANadapter (undercover): 247

    Tripod socket

    FUNC. button:208

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    Eyepiece shutter lever: 31, 130

    Viewfinder eyepiece: 31, 248Delete ( ) button: 35,

    146Format ( ) button: 23

    Playback ( )button: 138

    Monitor: 28,215, 253

    Menu ( )

    button: 39Thumbnail ( )button: 142

    Protect ( )button: 145HELP button:

    39

    Enter ( )button: 40Playback zoom( ) button: 144

    Speaker: 153

    Rear control panel: 9

    ISO sensitivity (ISO)button: 52

    Image quality / size (QUAL)button: 46, 49

    White balance (WB)button: 55–67

    Microphone: 148

    Microphone ( ) button: 148

    AF-ON ( ) button for verticalshooting: 75

    Main command dialfor vertical shooting:

    12

    Card-slot coverrelease button(under cover):

    22

    AF-area modeselector: 78

    Focus selectorlock: 76

    Multi selector:14

    Memory cardslot cover:

    22

    Memory cardaccess lamp:

    22, 24

    Main commanddial: 12

    AF-ON ( )button:75

    AE / AF lock ( )button: 82, 97

     The Speaker and MicrophoneDo not bring magnetic devices, such as microdrive cards, close to the built-in speakeror microphone.

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    The Top Control Panel

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    14

    15

    16

    17

    8

    25

    23

    21

    20

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    24

    18

    19

    22

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      1 Shutter speed ..........................87–96

    Exposure compensation value ....... 99Number of shots in bracketingsequence .................................... 100Number of intervals forinterval timer photography ......... 127Focal length (non-CPU lens) ........ 131ISO sensitivity................................ 52“Busy” indicator ........................... 42

      2 Shutter-speed lock icon................. 96

      3 Flexible program indicator............. 89  4 Exposure mode............................. 87

      5 Memory card indicator............ 23, 28

      6 Focus area .................................... 76AF-area mode..........................78–81

      7 Flash sync mode ......................... 112

      8 Number of exposuresremaining ..................................... 28

    Number of shots remainingbefore memory buffer fills............. 44Capture mode indicator.............. 236

      9 Aperture stop indicator........... 93, 95

    10 Aperture (f/-number) ...............87–96Aperture (number of stops)..... 93, 95Bracketing increment.......... 101, 105Number of shots per interval....... 125Maximum aperture

    (non-CPU lens)............................ 133PC mode indicator ...................... 236

    11 Battery indicator ........................... 27

    12 Frame count ................................. 28

    13 “K” (appears when memory remainsfor over 1000 exposures) .............. 51

    14 FV lock indicator ......................... 114

    15 Sync indicator ............................. 11316 Clock battery indicator.......... 19, 255

    17 GPS connection indicator............ 135

    18 High-speed crop indicator............. 41

    19 Exposure compensation indicator... 99

    20 Interval timer indicator................ 127

    21 Multiple exposure indicator......... 121

    22 Aperture lock icon ........................ 96

    23 Image comment indicator ........... 21724 Exposure bracketing indicator ..... 100

    White-balance bracketingindicator ..................................... 105

    25 Electronic analog exposuredisplay .......................................... 95Exposure compensation ................ 99Bracketing progressindicator ..............................100–107

    PC mode indicator ...................... 236

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    The Rear Control Panel

    1

    3

    2

    4

    5

    6

    7

    9

    8

    13

    10

    11

    12

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      1 Custom settings bank ................. 182

      2 “Remaining” indicator.................. 28  3 Shooting menu settings bank ..... 169

      4 ISO sensitivity indicator ................. 52Auto ISO sensitivity indicator....... 191

      5 ISO sensitivity................................ 52ISO sensitivity (high gain) .............. 52Number of exposuresremaining ..................................... 28Length of voice memo................ 149

    White balance fine-tuning ............ 57White balance preset number ....... 60Color temperature ........................ 59PC mode indicator ...................... 236

      6 “K” (appears when memory remains

    for over 1000 exposures) .............. 51Color temperature indicator.......... 59

      7 Image quality................................ 45

      8 Image size .................................... 48

      9 White-balance bracketingindicator ..................................... 105

    10 Voice memo recording indicator(shooting mode) ......................... 149

    11 Voice memo status indicator ....... 149

    12 Voice memo recording mode ...... 150

    13 White balance mode..................... 55

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     The High Speed CropWhen On is selected for High-speed crop, the high-speed crop is shown by the transparent area in theviewfinder.

    The Viewfinder Display

    3 4 5 6 87 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

    17 18 19 20 21

    22

    23

    25

    26

    27

    28

    24

    2

    1

    High-speed crop

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      1 8-mm (0.31 in.) reference circle for

    center-weighted metering............. 85  2 Focus brackets (focus areas) .......... 76Spot metering targets................... 86

      3 Focus indicator ....................... 32, 85

      4 Metering ...................................... 86

      5 Bracketing indicator.................... 100

      6 Autoexposure (AE) lock................. 97

      7 Black-and-white indicator ............. 72

      8 Shutter-speed lock icon................. 96  9 Shutter speed ..........................87–96

    10 Aperture lock icon ........................ 96

    11 Aperture (f/-number) ...............87–96Aperture (number of stops)..... 93, 95

    12 Exposure mode............................. 87

    13 Exposure compensation indicator.. 99

    14 Frame count ................................. 28

    Number of exposuresremaining ..................................... 28Number of shots remainingbefore memory buffer fills............. 44Exposure compensation value ....... 99PC mode indicator ...................... 236

    15 “K” (appears when memory remains

    for over 1000 exposures) .............. 5116 Flash-ready indicator................... 116

    17 Battery indicator ........................... 27

    18 FV lock indicator ......................... 114

    19 Sync indicator ............................. 113

    20 Aperture stop indicator........... 93, 95

    21 Electronic analog exposuredisplay .......................................... 95Exposure compensation ................ 99

    22 Voice memo status indicator ....... 149

    23 White-balance bracketingindicator ..................................... 105

    24 White-balance mode .................... 51

    25 Image size .................................... 48

    26 Image quality................................ 45

    27 ISO sensitivity indicator ................. 52Auto ISO sensitivity indicator....... 191

    28 ISO sensitivity................................ 52

     No Battery

    When the battery is totally exhausted or no battery is inserted, the display in the view-finder will dim. This is normal and does not indicate a malfunction. The viewfinderdisplay will return to normal when a fully-charged battery is inserted.

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    The Command DialsThe main- and sub-command dials are used alone or in combination withother controls to adjust a variety of settings. For ease of access when taking

    photographs in tall (portrait) orientation, dials that duplicate the functionsof the main and sub-command dials have been placed close to the shutter-release button for vertical shooting ( 31).

    Imagequality / size

    button

    ISOsensitivity

    button

    Whitebalancebutton

    Flash syncmode button

    Bracketingbutton

    Commandlock button

    Main command dial

    Exposure

    compensationbutton

    Exposuremode button

    Sub-command dial

    Image quality and size

    Set image quality ( 45).

    Choose an image size ( 48).

    White balance

    Choose a white balance setting ( 55).

    Fine-tune white balance / choose a colortemperature / choose a white balance preset( 56, 59, 60).

    ISO sensitivity

    Set ISO sensitivity ( 52).

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    Exposure

    Choose an aperture (exposure mode A  orM; 92, 94).

    Choose the exposure mode ( 87–95).

    Choose a shutter speed (exposure mode S or M; 90, 94).

    Choose a combination of aperture andshutter speed (exposure mode P; 89).

    Set exposure compensation ( 99).

    Aperture lock (exposure mode A or M;96).

    Shutter speed lock (exposure mode S  or

    M; 96).

    Activate or cancel bracketing / select num-ber of shots in bracketing sequence (100, 105).

    Select bracketing exposure increment (101, 105).

    Flash settings

    Choose a flash sync mode for optionalSpeedlight ( 112).

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    The Multi SelectorThe multi selector is used for the following operations:

    • Menu navigation: Canceland return to previous menu( 40).

    • Shooting:Select focus area toleft of current focus area (76).

    • Full-frame playback: Displayprevious page of photo in-formation ( 139).

    • Thumbnail playback:High-light thumbnail to left ofcurrent thumbnail ( 142).

    • Menu navigation: Selecthighlighted item ( 40).

    • Shooting: Select center focusarea ( 76).

    • Playback: Change number ofimages displayed ( 142).

    • Menu navigation: Selecthighlighted item or displaysub-menu ( 40).

    • Shooting: Select focus areato right of current focus area

    ( 76).• Full-frame playback: Displaynext page of photo infor-mation ( 139).

    • Thumbnail playback: High-light thumbnail to right ofcurrent thumbnail ( 142).

    • Menu navigation: Move highlight bar up ( 40).• Help: Scroll up ( 39).• Shooting: Select focus area above current focus

    area ( 76).• Full-frame playback: Display previous image (

    35).• Thumbnail playback: Highlight thumbnail above

    current thumbnail ( 142).

    • Menu navigation: Move highlight bar down ( 40).• Help: Scroll down ( 39).• Shooting: Select focus area below current focus

    area ( 76).• Full-frame playback: Display next image ( 35).• Thumbnail playback: Highlight thumbnail below

    current thumbnail ( 142).

     The Multi SelectorThe button can also be used to select items highlighted in the camera menus. Theremay be some cases in which the operations listed on this page do not apply.

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    Before using the camera for the first time, complete the following steps:

    First StepsGetting the Camera Ready for Use

    Step 1 Attach the Camera Strap................................................................ 15

    For more information on batteries and alternative power sources, see:• Technical Notes: Optional Accessories................................................. 247• Caring for the Camera and Battery ..................................................... iv–v

    Step 2 Insert the Battery ........................................................................... 16

    Step 3 Basic Setup..................................................................................... 17–19

    For information on changing the clock battery, see:• Technical Notes: Caring for Your Camera ............................................ 255

    To learn more about the lenses available for the D2Xs, see:• Technical Notes: Optional Accessories................................................. 244–246

    Step 4 Attach a Lens.................................................................................. 20–21

    Step 5 Insert a Memory Card..................................................................... 22–24

    To learn more about compatible memory cards, see:• Technical Notes: Approved Memory Cards.......................................... 252

    For more information on formatting memory cards, see:• The Setup Menu: Formatting Memory Cards....................................... 214

    Step 1—Attach the Camera StrapAttach the camera strap securely to the two eyelets on the camera body asshown below.

         C

       S     C

                           L     C

       S     C

                           L     C

       S     C

                           L     C

       S     C

                           L

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    Step 2—Insert the BatteryThe D2Xs can be used with the supplied rechargeable Nikon EN-EL4a Li-ionbattery or an optional EN-EL4 battery.

    2.1  Charge the batteryThe EN-EL4a is not fully charged at shipment. To maximize shootingtime, charge the battery in the supplied MH-21 quick charger beforeuse ( 266). About 145 minutes are required to fully recharge thebattery when no charge remains.

    2

    .2  Turn the camera offTurn the camera off before inserting or re- moving batteries.

    2.3  Remove the battery-chamber coverTurn the battery-chamber cover latch to theopen position ( ) and remove the battery-chamber cover.

    2

    .4  Attach the battery cover to the batteryThe battery can be charged with the coverattached.

    2.5  Insert the batteryInsert the battery as shown at right.

    2.6  Latch the battery-chamber coverTo prevent the battery from being dislodgedduring operation, be sure the cover is se-

    curely latched.

     Removing the BatteryBefore removing the battery, turn the camera off and rotate the battery-chamber coverlatch to the open position ( ).

     EN-EL4a Rechargeable Li- ion BatteriesThe EN-EL4a shares information with compatible devices, enabling the camera to show

    battery charge state in six levels and the MH-21 to both display the current level andcharge the battery appropriately. The Battery info option in the setup menu detailsbattery charge, battery life, and the number of pictures taken ( 223).

    2

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    Step 3—Basic SetupChoose a language and set the time and date as described below.

    Turn camera on.

    3.1

    Display menus. *

    3.2

    Display SET UP menu.

    3.3

    Position cursor in SET UP menu.

    3.4

    Highlight Language.

    3.5

    Display options.

    3.6

    Highlight option.

    3.7

    Return to SET UP menu.

    3.8

    * If option is highlighted, press multi selector to left until icon at left of menu is se-lected.

    3

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    Highlight World time.

    3.9

    Display options.

    3.10

    Highlight Time zone.

    3.11

    Display map of world time zones.

    3.12

    Select local time zone. †

    3.13

    Return to WORLD TIME menu. ‡

    3.14

    † UTC field shows time difference between selected time zone and Coordinated Uni-versal Time (UTC), in hours.

    ‡ If daylight saving time is in effect in local time zone, highlight Daylight saving timeand press multi selector to right. Press multi selector down to highlight On and press

    multi selector right. Time will automatically be advanced one hour.

    Highlight Date.

    3.15

    Display DATE menu.

    3.16

    3

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    Edit Year, Month, Day, Hour, Minute,and Second. Press multi selector leftor right to select item, up or down to

    change. Press button to set dateand time and return to to WORLDTIME menu.

    3.17

    Highlight Date format.

    3.18

    Display options.

    3.19

    Choose order in which date is listed.

    3.20

    Return to WORLD TIME menu.

    3.21

    The camera clock is less accurate thanmost watches and household clocks.Check the clock regularly againstmore accurate time pieces and reset

    as necessary. The clock can be resetusing the World time option in thesetup menu ( 213).Return to SET UP menu.

    3.22

     The Clock BatteryThe clock-calendar is powered by a separate, non-rechargeable CR1616 lithium bat-tery with a life of about four years. When this battery is exhausted, a icon will

    be displayed in the top control panel while the exposure meters are on. For infor-mation on replacing the clock battery, see “Technical Notes: Caring for the Camera”( 255).

    3

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    I  nt r od uc t i  on—F i  r s t S t eps 

    4.1  Turn the camera offTurn the camera off before attaching orremoving lenses.

    4.2  Attach a lensKeeping the mounting mark on the lensaligned with the mounting mark on thecamera body, position the lens in the cam-

     era’s bayonet mount. Being careful not topress the lens-release button, rotate the lenscounter-clockwise until it clicks into place.

    4.3  Lock aperture at the minimum settingThis step is not necessary if you are using atype G lens not equipped with an aperturering. If you are using a lens of another type,lock aperture at the minimum setting (high-

    est f/-number).

    If this step is omitted when attaching a CPUlens, the aperture displays in the controlpanel and viewfinder will show a blinking

    when the camera is turned on. Photo-graphs can not be taken until the camera isturned off and aperture locked at the high-

    est f/-number.

    Step 4—Attach a LensNikon recommends using a type G or type D CPU lens to take full advantageof the features the camera offers.

    4

    Type D lensType G lensCPU lenses have CPUcontacts

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    I  n t r  o d  u c  t i   on—F i  r  s  t  S  t  e p s 

    4 Protect the Camera from Dirt and Dust

    Any dust, dirt, or other foreign matter inside yourcamera could show up as specks or blotches in yourphotographs or the viewfinder display. When no lens is

    in place, keep the lens mount covered with the suppliedBF-1A body cap . When exchanging lens or replacingthe body cap, keep the lens mount pointed down.

     Detaching the LensBe sure the camera is off when removing or exchanginglenses. To remove the lens, press and hold the lens-re-lease button while turning the lens clockwise.

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    I  nt r od uc t i  on—F i  r s t S t eps 

     No Memory CardIf no memory card is inserted in the camera when acharged EN-EL4a battery is inserted or the camera is

    powered by an AC adapter, will appear in theexposure-count displays in the control panel and view-finder .

    Step 5—Insert a Memory CardIn place of film, the D2Xs uses CompactFlash memory cards or microdrivecards to store photographs. For a list of approved memory cards, see “Tech-

    nical Notes: Approved Memory Cards” ( 252).

    5.1  Turn the camera offTurn the camera off before inserting or re- moving memory cards.

    5.2  Open the card slot coverOpen the door protecting the card-slot cov-er release button () and press the releasebutton () to open the card slot ().

    1

    2

    3

    5.3  Insert a memory cardInsert the memory card with the rear labeltoward the monitor (). When the mem-ory card is fully inserted, the green accesslamp will light and the eject button will popup (). Close the card slot cover.

     Inserting Memory CardsInsert the memory card terminals first. In-serting the card upside down or backwardscould damage the camera or the card.Check to be sure that the card is in the cor-rect orientation.

    1

    2

    5

    Direction ofinsertion

    Rearlabel

    Terminals

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    I  n t r  o d  u c  t i   on—F i  r  s  t  S  t  e p s 

    5.4 Format the memory cardMemory cards must be formatted before first use. Formatting Memory Cards

    Formatting memory cards permanently deletes any data theymay contain.  Be sure to copy any photographs and other data youwish to keep to a computer before proceeding ( 235–238).

    To format the card, turn the camera on and hold the ( and )buttons down simultaneously for approximately two seconds. A blink- ing will appear in the shutter-speed display and the frame countwill blink. Pressing both buttons together a second time will format

    the memory card. Press any other button to exit without formatting.

    During formatting, the letters will appear in the frame-count dis- play. When formatting is complete, the frame-count display will showthe number of photographs that can be recorded at current settings.

     During FormattingDo not remove the card or battery or unplug the AC adapter(available separately) during formatting.

     Format ( 214)Memory cards can also be formatted using the Format option in the setup menu.

    5

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     Memory Cards• Memory cards may be hot after use. Observe due caution when removing memory

    cards from the camera.• Format memory cards before first use.

    • Turn the power off before inserting or removing memory cards. Do not removememory cards from the camera, turn the camera off, or remove or disconnect thepower source during formatting or while data are being recorded, deleted, or copiedto a computer. Failure to observe these precautions could result in loss of data or indamage to the camera or card.

    • Do not touch the card terminals with your fingers or metal objects.• Do not apply force to the card casing. Failure to observe this precaution could dam-

     age the card.• Do not bend, drop, or subject to strong physical shocks.• Do not expose to water, high levels of humidity, or direct sunlight.

     Removing Memory CardsMemory cards can be removed without loss of datawhen the camera is off. Before removing the memorycard, wait for the green card access lamp next to thecard slot cover to go out and then turn the cameraoff. Do NOT attempt to remove the card while theaccess lamp is on. Failure to observe this precaution

    could result in loss of data or in damage to the cameraor card. Open the door protecting the card-slot coverrelease button and press the release button to open thecard slot, then press the eject button to partially ejectthe card (). The card can then be removed by hand(). Do not push on the memory card while pressingthe eject button. Failure to observe this precautioncould damage the memory card.

    1

    2

    Access lamp

    5

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    This chapter takes you step-by-step through theprocess of taking your first photographs andplaying them back.

    Basic Photography This section describes how to use autofocusand programmed auto autoexposure for simple,“point-and-shoot” photography that will pro-

    duce optimal results in most situations.

    Basic Playback Read this section for information on viewing pho- tographs in the monitor.

    Tutorial Basic Photography and Playback 

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    T ut or i  al  —B as i  c P h ot ogr aph y

    Basic PhotographyTaking Your First Photographs

    There are six basic steps to taking photographs:

    Step 1 Ready the Camera .......................................................................... 27–28

    To learn how to restore settings to their default values, see:• Taking Photographs: Two-Button Reset............................................... 136• Menu Guide: The Shooting Menu—Reset Shooting Menu.................. 171• Menu Guide: The Custom Settings Menu—Menu Reset ..................... 183–184

    Step 2 Adjust Camera Settings.................................................................. 29–30

    To learn more about the following camera settings, see:• Taking Photographs: Choosing a Shooting Mode................................ 43–44• Taking Photographs: Image Quality and Size ...................................... 45–51• Taking Photographs: ISO Sensitivity .................................................... 52–53• Taking Photographs: White Balance.................................................... 55–67• Taking Photographs: Image Adjustment.............................................. 68–73• Taking Photographs: Focus.................................................................. 74–85• Taking Photographs: Exposure ............................................................ 86–107

    Step 3 Frame the Photograph ................................................................... 31

    To learn how to preview the effects of aperture, see:• Taking Photographs: Exposure ............................................................ 87

    To learn about optional viewfinder accessories, see:• Technical Notes: Optional Accessories................................................. 248

    Step 4 Focus............................................................................................... 32

    To learn more about focus options, see:• Taking Photographs: Focus.................................................................. 74–85

    Step 5 Check Exposure .............................................................................. 33

    To learn how to change the composition after setting exposure, see:• Taking Photographs: Exposure ............................................................ 97

    To learn more about flash photography, see:• Taking Photographs: Flash Photography............................................. 108–117

    Step 6 Take the Photograph...................................................................... 34

    For information on time-lapse photography, cropping, delaying shutter re-lease, image overlay, and multiple exposure, see:

    • Taking Photographs: Overlay / Multiple Exposure................................. 118–122• Taking Photographs: Trimming Photographs....................................... 123–124• Taking Photographs: Interval Timer Photography................................ 125–129

    • Taking Photographs: Self-Timer Mode................................................. 130

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    T  u t  or i   al  —B  a s i   c P h  o t  o gr  a ph  y

    Step 1—Ready the CameraBefore taking photographs, ready the camera as described below.

    1.1  Turn the camera onThe control panel will turn on and the dis- play in the viewfinder will light.

    1.2  Check the battery levelCheck the battery level in the viewfinder ortop control panel.

    1

    * No icon displayed when camera powered by optional AC adapter.

    Icon*

    Controlpanel

    View-finder Status Notes

    —Battery fully

    chargedAperture and shutter-speed indicators in topcontrol panel and all indicators in viewfinderturn off if no operations are performed for 6 s(auto meter off). Press shutter-release buttonhalfway to reactivate display.

    — Batterypartially

    discharged—

     

    (flashes)

     

    (flashes)

    Battery

    exhausted

    Shutter release disabled.

    Low battery Ready fully-charged spare battery.

     The Battery IndicatorIf the segments in the control panel battery icon blink on and off, the camera is calcu-lating the battery charge. The battery level will be displayed in about three seconds.

     The Icon

    A flashing icon in the control panel indicates that the battery has malfunctionedor is otherwise unsuitable for use in the D2Xs (the icon in the viewfinder may alsoflash). Contact a Nikon-authorized service representative.

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    1.3  Check the number of exposures remainingThe exposure-count display in the top con-trol panel shows the number of photographs

    that can be taken at current settings. Whenthis number reaches zero, the icon willflash in the top control panel and a flashing

    icon will appear in the viewfinder. Nofurther pictures can be taken until you de- lete pictures or insert a new memory card.You may be able to take additional picturesat lower image quality or size settings.

    1

     The Monitor CoverA clear plastic cover (the BM-3 LCD monitor cover) isprovided with the camera to keep the monitor clean,and to protect the monitor when the camera is not in

    use or when you are transporting the camera. To re- move the monitor cover, hold the camera firmly, takethe cover by its edges, and pull the bottom of the covergently outwards as shown at right (). Once the coveris unlatched, you can move it slightly away from themonitor and then remove it as shown ().

    To replace the cover for shooting or storage, insert thetwo projections on the top of the cover into the match-

     ing indentations above the camera monitor (), thenpress the bottom of the cover until you hear it click intoplace ().

         C

       S     C

                L

    A / VOUT

    DC IN

    A / VOUT

    DC IN

    A / VOUT

    DC IN

     Camera Off DisplayIf the camera is turned off with a battery and memory

    card inserted, the frame count and number of exposuresremaining will be displayed (some memory cards mayonly display this information when the camera is on).

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    Step 2—Adjust Camera SettingsThis tutorial describes how to take photographs at the default settings listedin the table below, using a type G or D lens. Information on when and how

    to change settings from their default values is provided in “Taking Photo-graphs” ( 37).

    2

    Option Default Description

    Imagequality

    Imagesize

    ISOsensitivity

    Whitebalance

    Exposuremode

    Focus

    area Center focus area 76

    Camera focuses on subject in center focus

    area.

    (Programmed auto)87–95

    Built-in exposure program automatically ad- justs shutter speed and aperture for optimalexposure in most situations.

    A(Auto)

    55–67

    White balance is adjusted automatically fornatural colors under most types of lighting.

    100 52–53Sensitivity (digital equivalent of film speed)set to value roughly equivalent to ISO 100.

    L(Large)

    48–49Images are 4,288 × 2,848 pixels in size.

    NORM(JPEG Normal)

    45–48

    Pictures are compressed for balance betweenimage quality and file size that is ideal forsnapshots.

    2.1  Set the shooting mode to single frame ( 43)Hold the mode-dial lock release down ()and turn the shooting mode dial () to S (single frame). At this setting, the camerawill take one photograph each time theshutter-release button is pressed.

    Rearcontrolpanel

    White balanceImage sizeExposure mode

    Focus area

    Image qualityISO sensitivityTop control panel

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    2.2  Choose single-area AF ( 78)Rotate the AF-area mode selector until itclicks into place pointing to (single-area

    AF). At this setting, the user can choosefrom eleven focus areas. Pressing the shut-ter-release button halfway locks focus atthe distance to the subject in the selectedfocus area.

    2.3  Choose single-servo autofocus ( 74)Rotate the focus-mode selector until itclicks into place pointing to S (single-servoautofocus). At this setting, the camerawill automatically focus on the sub ject inthe selected focus area when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. Picturescan only be taken when the camera is infocus.

    2.4  Choose matrix metering ( 86)

    Press the metering selector lock buttonand rotate the metering selector to(matrix metering). Matrix metering usesinformation from all areas of the frame todetermine exposure, ensuring optimal re-sults for the entire frame. If a type G or Dlens is mounted on the camera, 3D matrixmetering II is used for exposure control that

    takes into account maximum brightness,contrast, and the distance to the subject.

    When matrix metering is selected, the metering display in the view-finder shows .

    2

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    Step 3—Frame a PhotographTo prevent blurred photographs caused by unsteady hands (camera shake),hold the camera steadily in both hands, with your elbows propped lightly

    against your torso for support. Hold the handgrip in your right hand andcradle the camera body or lens with your left.

    The recommended stance for taking photographs is with one foot a half pacein front of the other and your upper body stable.

     Viewfinder FocusThe viewfinder is equipped with diopter adjustment toaccommodate individual differences in vision. To adjustviewfinder focus, pull the diopter adjustment knob out() and rotate it until the viewfinder display and focusbrackets are in sharp focus (). When operating thediopter adjustment knob with your eye to the view-

    finder, be careful not to put your fingers or fingernailsin your eye.

    Diopter can be adjusted in the range –3 m–1 to +1 m–1. Corrective lenses (availableseparately; 248) allow diopters of –6 m–1 to +3 m–1.

     Attaching Diopter Adjustment Viewfinder LensesBefore attaching a diopter-adjustment viewfinder lens,remove the DK-17 viewfinder eyepiece by closing theviewfinder shutter to release the eyepiece lock () and

    then unscrewing the eyepiece as shown at right ().

    1

    2

    The shutter-release buttonfor vertical shooting ( 4)can be used when takingphotographs in portrait(tall) orientation.

    3

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    Step 4—FocusIn single-servo AF, the camera focuses on the sub ject in the selected focusarea when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. After centering the

    focus brackets on your subject, press the shutter-release button halfway andcheck focus in the viewfinder.

    To focus on an off-center subject, use focus lock ( 82–83) or select thefocus area containing your subject using the multi selector ( 76). For infor-mation on what to do if the camera is unable to focus using autofocus, see“Getting Good Results with Autofocus” ( 84).

    Viewfinder display Description

    ● Subject in focus.

    Focus point is between camera and subject.

    Focus point is behind subject.

     (flashes)

    Camera unable to focus on subject in focus brackets usingautofocus.

    4

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    Step 5—Check ExposureIn exposure mode P (programmed auto), the cam-era automatically sets shutter speed and aperture

    when the shutter-release button is pressed half-way. Before shooting, check the shutter-speedand aperture indicators in the viewfinder. If thephoto would be under- or over-exposed at cur- rent settings, one of the following indicators willappear in either the shutter-speed or aperturedisplay.

     Shutter Speed and Camera ShakeTo prevent blurring caused by camera shake, the shutter speed should be faster thanthe inverse of the focal length of the lens, in seconds (for example, if a lens has a focallength of 50 mm, shutter speed should be faster than 1 /  60 s). Use of a tripod is recom-

    mended when shooting at slower shutter speeds. To prevent blur, try increasing ISOsensitivity ( 52–53) or using a VR lens. An optional Speedlight ( 108) can be usedto prevent blur at shutter speeds of 1 /  60 s or slower.

    Indicator Description

    Photo will be overexposed. Use optional Neutral Density (ND) filter.

    Photo will be underexposed. Raise ISO sensitivity ( 52–53) or use op-tional Speedlight ( 108).

    5

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    While the photograph is being recorded to thememory card, the access lamp next to the cardslot cover will light. Do not eject the memorycard, turn the camera off, or remove or dis- connect the power source until the lamp has

    gone out. Removing the memory card or cuttingpower in these circumstances could result in lossof data.

    Step 6—Take the PhotographSmoothly press the shutter-release button the restof the way down.

     Do Not Photograph Strong Light SourcesAvoid taking pictures with the camera focused on the sun or other strong light source.Intense light may cause deterioration in the image sensor the camera uses in place offilm. It may also produce a white blur effect in photographs.

     Rotate Tall ( 167)This playback menu option controls whether portrait-orientation photographs takenwith On selected for the Auto image rotation option in the setup menu are auto-matically rotated during playback.

     Image Review ( 166)

    Photographs can be viewed at any time during or after recording by pressing thebutton. When On  is selected for the Image review option in the playback menu,photographs are automatically displayed in the monitor immediately after shooting.

    6

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    Basic PlaybackViewing Photographs

    To play photographs back, press the button. The most recent photographwill be displayed in the monitor.

    Viewing Additional PhotographsTo page through photographs in the order recorded, press the multi selectordown. Press the multi selector up to view photographs in reverse order. Toscroll rapidly through the images on the memory card, press and hold the upor down buttons on the multi selector.

    When the last photograph on the memory card is displayed, you can returnto the first photograph by pressing the multi selector down. When the firstphotograph in memory is displayed, you can view the last photograph bypressing the multi selector up.

    Deleting Unwanted PhotographsTo delete the photograph currentlydisplayed in the monitor, press thebutton. A confirmation dialog will bedisplayed. Press the button againto delete the image and return toplayback. To exit without deleting the

    picture, press the multi selector left orright.

    Take Additional PhotographsTo end playback and return to shooting mode, press the button or pressthe shutter-release button halfway.

     Delete ( 156)To delete multiple images, use the Delete option in the playback menu.

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    “Tutorial: Basic Photography” described the ba-sic order of operations for taking photographs atthe most commonly-used settings. This chapterexplains how and when to adjust camera settingsfor different shooting conditions.

    TakingPhotographs

    The Details

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     Flash Photography................................................................... 108–117

     Image Quality and Size ............................................................ 45–51

     Image Adjustment ................................................................... 68–73

    The chart below shows the basic order for adjusting settings when takingphotographs. Before proceeding, be sure to read “Using Camera Menus”( 39) for information on menu operations.

     Exposure: Metering ................................................................. 86

     Overlay / Multiple Exposure....................................................... 118–122

    Exposure: Exposure Compensation ........................................... 99

     Exposure: Bracketing ............................................................... 100–107

    Exposure: Exposure Mode ........................................................ 87–95

     Focus ...................................................................................... 74–85

     High-Speed Crop ..................................................................... 41–42

     Choosing a Shooting Mode ...................................................... 43–44

     ISO Sensitivity ......................................................................... 52–54

     White Balance ......................................................................... 55–67

     Interval Timer Photography...................................................... 125–129

     Self-Timer Mode...................................................................... 130

    Will I need a flash?

    How will this photograph be used?

    How important is background lighting to the photograph?

    Will I need the following advanced options?

    Is the subject very bright, very dark, or high contrast?

    What is more important, shutter speed or aperture?

    What is the subject, and how will I compose the photograph?

    What lighting is available?

    How do I want to control the shutter?

    Will this be a single photo, or a series of photos?

     Trimming Photographs............................................................. 123–124

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    The next four sections involve settings that can beaccessed via the camera menus. To view the menus,turn the camera on and press the button.

    Choosing a MenuThe