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NATIONAL·YOUTH GANG INFORMATION CENTER 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 730 Arlington, Virginia 22203 1-800-446-GANG • 703-522-4007 NYGIC Document Number: Permission Codes: If you have issues viewing or accessing this file contact us at NCJRS.gov.

NATIONAL·YOUTH GANG INFORMATION CENTERNATIONAL·YOUTH GANG INFORMATION CENTER 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 730 Arlington, Virginia 22203 1-800-446-GANG • 703-522-4007 NYGIC Document

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  • NATIONAL·YOUTH GANG INFORMATION CENTER

    4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 730 Arlington, Virginia 22203

    1-800-446-GANG • 703-522-4007

    NYGIC Document Number: boo~3

    Permission Codes:

    If you have issues viewing or accessing this file contact us at NCJRS.gov.

  • ...------------- ---------------------

    A Confidential Publication for Law Enforcement

    Crips & Bloods Street Gangs

    John K. Van De Kamp Attorney General State of California Department of Justice

    "--------_._------------------------------ -

  • :

    U.S. Department of Justice National Institute of Justice

    146790

    This document has been reproduced exactly as received from Ihe person or organization originating II. Polnls of view or opinions slated In Ihls document are Ihose of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the Natlonallnstitule of Justice.

    Permission to reproduce this copyrighted material has been granted by California Dept. of Justice/Office of the Attorney General

    10 the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS).

    Further reproduction outside of Ihe NCJRS system requires permission of the copyright owner.

    " ",

    :CRlp:S & BLOODS " -.:

    STREET GANGS

    G. W. CLEMONS, DIRECTOR ·;:DIVISION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT :; ....

    '--------------------------------------- -

    II

  • II

    Thepoems "Heroes," "Pusha Man"muJ"TheCounty Jail'~ are printed withpennission of the aulhor--a former Rollin 60s Crip associate. .

    .. ·11

    '-------------------------~-~-~--~-~-~-~------~ -~~-----~----~

  • II

    PREFACE

    The Bureau ojrjigiiiiked criMe and Crh:ninaI Intelligence w~rks to reduce traditiori4JTand non-iiftditiomllj()[email protected] crime. uWhen there is reasonable'~e to beiii;ve that'ij.n individual or group has or will create a .#tirt}(lfY:lJft.#i:u and ui#midation by means of threats and/or violeiidifijiiSiiig fear for ,he personal safety of

    .' others in order to ftiii./fit/fif goals; or is uiJ?olved in or suspected of being involved in m4iti-jiJj¢ictional fel6izious acts,),::(M.7Jureau ·is committed to aid 4zw enforcement agencies in supjirlising those individuals or groups,{ ': . r 1 ::The purpose 0/ this j[l1blicatfpn is to pro':'ide law enforcement with in/ormatiqn. abqill the c~anging criiriinal activities of the Crips and Blopds sii;~et gang; It does "pt provide,i!t/ormation on reading gangifraffitl/hand ~gnaIs, etc.;rtp-to-dat~information can contribute to officer sajJfY and c~tiJid law eil/orcment officers in identifying, invesHgating and prosecuting gang members.

    '--------------------------------------

    I

    II

  • I

    II··

    .. ',;.""';::,:,. SUMMARY ;.;X:;>:~::; ..... : .

    . . J':::;::' ·;;::i; .. ;:.i..:t ... ::.i;.;.;.)'.~.;k.~;.~.!.):·::;lli:ii;'i'~'~1'): :' .::.::"::::::: :::;iJ~~~j(" :';:;;;:/'.:=:"

    Grips and B~'~~~t gangs ~~pzatedl~ Califoinia in 1969. The initial reason f4.i';'!he formi!Jjon of th¢se two groups was a t~rritoriaI struggle: tl/W1M,i.!JiifffghborhoiJp:. feU the need to band together for protectillijfJ!/ilfjJflJ'al youths iP. bloody retaliation

    .. } ·/(%it;:.,·.;.t:~.~:~~.jT ::;:;: /\~f' ~ .. : ," .. . ii .

    Recent evidence suggeststb.,gt some members of the:grjPf:Ond Bloods street gangs iit.e esta1j!ishing themselves as mor'e"'traditionaI :organized crime groaps thr6qgh the lucrative market of cocaine . sales. ',,:' '( .

    : .. ;:.~; :< ~:.' .:.:";::;: '.', /::' . This publicatioY, wl/{ipuuyzi4·the change#)taldng place among the Grips and Blofids iii/fin efforf.:'to aid law.:~nforcemgrzt in dealing with these grdUps.·: :':..... .:l;::;: :.:/

    :::::{';.: )::(: ":/~ ~t:\> ":::::"

    ii

    II

  • ; II···

    Preface

    Summary

    Introduction

    ......... "," :;:bt{} :.:.:/::( .. ;':~:~:;::.: .',' -::: .; :;::~ )"; ..... " .:::;\~:

    Backgrourui ;~1 Gang profi/e!',i. , Stateme'Ji/,of ~~ijb1em;;I;;:

    .. /;>. ConclUsion

    New Laws

    Godfather Profiles

    Law E;rif.orcement Experts

    Notd:!·i~~j:ll·.·~i :::.:? .. ;. .... . .... : ..

    . .:::\;~{:.,

    :::,;t4?knowi~dgmf!iJis

    '. ' ..... .

    J

    i

    ii

    3

    4-8

    9-14

    15

    16-17

    18-25

    26-29

    30

    31-33 :.J:;;: .i:,:'::

  • · ... .. II

  • CRIPS &: BLOODS.STREETGANGS

    The

    _ .......... ~._ ship is between

    This on a recen one survey

    conu.u~ted by the

    ce, Bureau ized crime

    ..... "' ............ 1 Intell

    reporting widespread movement of crips and Bloods gang members from the Los Angeles area into their jurisdictions. Gang

    Bureau cL ~anWed.C:riinc:. and

    • members are bei~lgb.linked ~ :.;.:::::::::::::'::::~. to the increaslltg:mf~ales

    on

    {-

    ent.hUsiasm:· to expand .~::::~#:~.; . :. •

    th~!,+ operatl.ons l.n pur:$~it of new drug mark:~ts. These.;:new

    ml;;!;:.~~~~:::: med~rs a~f:i ve at a vir~:~n tei-:~i tory, rock coc:~l~ne s~mples are given aw~!~.: to P~:9:specti ve cusft-bmers (£n hopes of

    ::~~~:!~a::~:::::r:n witll new Cl1·stomers. By

    ~I~;~?';~:;~~:~:~ stili:ling for as little as $4~0 - $500 in Los Angeles can be sold for as much as $SOO - $2,000 elsewhere.

  • ith expansion of the markets, th. Crips

    Bloods are urtgergoinq looal

    drugs including cocaine, PCP, marijuana and heroin. Hultimillion-dollar illicit businesses are being created by these individuals and their drug trafficking organizations are

    the spreading through the United states.

    Pa~2 . ,,,' .

  • time quickly earn reputations as violent and dangerous street

    ;,

    de';;;\[oped ito protect thEiI§elves from the crips

    ~:I::~e :::::s ~~!'~Is a group of f~uthS Piru stri:~t in ," ton who

    lves the They

    members lived near igh School

    is a

    Bureau ~,Orf;uiized c;rinY!:and .Crintlllal1nt~,""

  • · .. .

    CRlPS&: BLOOIJS;sTimET:GANaS ..

    i GANG PROFILES ;.

    members other typical profile characteristics of crips and Bloods street gang mem,bers include:

    o Black males o 13 to 40 y

    (Median age is what is imp to note is that past, the media for a gang memb

    be in the teens. median age has rising over the. f and

  • CRlPS &: BLOODS STREET GANGS

    were affil

    'society. of~:::::'law enf aut~orities,

    members will red'::;':and blue

    : ... :::: the/;same

    ":".

    VEHICLES

    La~;:;Enforcement 0 ar~Lbeginning to crfps and Bloods ga~gmembers pur veh!~'¢les of all sUd'h:ias Chevrolet·}:·tIROC JeJa'i;' Cherokee~,~, DeV$11es, cheiiP6

    g~~i;iJ~~ki Samura'ii4ve'hloles :::'::~::;;f":

  • Page 6

    CRIPS· &:·BLOODS STREET GANGS ..

    ;~ !.'

    -> street lize that agencies

    many ilable

    are

    that the white female is with him. The female is typically used to carry the cocaine and money. This tactic bas been used to deceive law enforcement officials nationwide.

    BUSES

    crips and Bloods gangs members als utilize bus transport cocaine.: Because they are required to go t metal detectors

    to

    em

    member to

  • · .

    CRlPS " &: lJE()ODS.ITREETClA.NGS, '

    enter the going and pos attent

    Y~~~,~ibes how co South Ameri~~':~~--~

    .• the hands of)·····;· e

    buyer. representing a large cartel. The buyers then ship the paste to the cartel's base lab

    somewhere Colombian At the baso~,>~,~'~~""':

    often

    is then member who

    the rock gang

    act as "door-Gang

    sell the rock or to the

    ve recently ding whether

    crips and have enlisted in

    the military to obtain weapons and explosives use in their drug trafficking efforts.

    .' .. ,.. .

    Itl~~·,':"·

  • CRjpS &: BLOODSSiRmrrGANGS··

    documented

    and

  • CRJPS d: BLOODS STREET GANGS

    ~~~!"'-------....I.:.~tl!·I~I~~~]t~f,:i::.

    .: icking bus virgin terr s the nati

    mt::IWO,.t:rs are buy

    occas

    imate bus ........ C;i::l,'" tments and

    enfor officials;···· buy legitimate businesses to launder money and invest their profits; use marketing ploys such as giving away free crack

    samples to pros,If',9ti ve :}:~.:::t;:;/·····

    new customers· . and· , ",·:';;::::·:4 outside of califo:f;nia,

    . ':. . ::~:::'!:::;;:i=':

    coqperate .··wi th otij:~r

    ~!~~s:;ir! :::~TO tr~fi~1ckJ:~g operat:)!:ns.

    INI.IITRA;'ltN OF Ti:t LEJ!~~IMATE.:BUSINESSES

    ::;;i;:;(·:. witfittremendous amounts of ;::aish on hand and no le~:~t.ima tereasO.J).s for

    ;;i!::::.~!:~i::d 1nv~;~t the~r:

  • .---------

    eRn'S &: BLOODS STREET GANGS .

    staurants swerinq servic~s

    stores ~ jJ.;:

    Anqeles tment recently

    Page 10

    a

    ercepted application forms in which aspirinq younq druq dealers, or "salesmen," were asked questions ranqinq from previous work experience to their criminal records and even hobbies. On the back of the application is a list of follow, puffinq smokinq marijuana joints that are ;.; with cocaine) and,~ fiqhtinq with ea "': without permissi the board of direc :,' However, this bure: no information leads us to beli

    are or

  • . CIUPS ci B£OODS,STREi.T GANGS

    ext step corporate

    A

    The in the gang corporate ladder the "gang godfather". Some gang godfathers routinely deal directly with Colombian drug

    sources • T~!:~:~ ... gang

    ::!!:!::~!:~i::l::rY annual incomes' :'$:i.l~ging in the millions of:'ag;llars.

    ;:I;!dth:::t'nown 1n·4.XY1dua:+:~y profiWed in

    ::I::f:I~~i:r;:~!:t.

    OFt,t6ER SAFETY

    ;:~~::;r~::w!ang beli.Vior .:;Yi!:)i:iE'iif 'violence lev~:l refl'ij"ci't;~:;' the high ecorlbmic ~£~kes involved in !!ug t$afficking. At ti~~~ it ~~pears that pr1t:tctio~~~::Of their prci:#ii ts b$:¢pmes more

    gq§!1 examp'):e of how vf~lent cr'ips and Bloods gang members can be occurred in Honolulu, Hawaii. Two known crips members from compton, california, were arrest

    Bureau r:J: ~ Crime ,lind Ourunat lntelli .' noo '.' •..... . .... . . . ... '. ..' ... I!P

  • CRIPS &: BLOODS' STREET . GANGS .. II y a Honolulu police

    officer for sell~ng The tw&,. gang

    officer's the local directory ',"

  • · ......: ... , :-.

    CRIPS & BLOOVS··STREET GANGS

    rented; this tel

    o Notice the ages of the occupants in the vehicle. In the

    >.,.'. '.

    Sacramen for

    common adult gangl&&~~I.~.J: a juvenile riding toge ,~! usua~;lY re·.

    :l!l!::;: y, bU,Mit 1f they do,

    1Ir~:;~~~;;;;:o;::: ::':J~itation from the California Highway Patrol. Gang members are obtaining temporary drivers' licenses in fictitio

  • CRIPS &:BLOODS ·sTREET GANGS.: ' ..... ·······11 names without completing the.:: entire process and by~assing the pic add thumb print Therefor

    name.

    Il p ll8l' 14

    When booking suspected gang members involved in criminal activity, consider placing an identification hold on them until positive identification has been made. The Departmen~ of Justice is available to help you identify e subjects if f ts are on file. affiliation, records, warrants wanted persons information can determined before releasing any indi whose identificat not been conf44.w~w~H

    st

    .. ;;,

  • CRIPS & BLOODSS'TlmET GANGs ".

    in one mon ng cocaine a ts might ma working in

    "''''~:;I;,:a. .. r jobs. Y

  • ... II

    Below is a. of leg-isla passed in law enfor the

    Page 16

    CRIPS & BLOODSSTREET GANGS··· II NEW LAWS

    ef .:i?synopsis that was to help

    t combat

    a

    substances) must spend in .the county jail as a condition of probation.

    Penal Code section 594.1

    Makes it a mi~u~w,~ sell or provide paint container than six ounces minor under the a 18. This offense punishable by a f up to $1,000, imprisonment in county jail for

    or by

    of

    to of

    Bureau of Organized Crime And Criminal Intelligen~

  • CPJPS & BLOODS STREET GANGS

    to minors i c park be pu·. term of thre

    of 18 on school 'ground or publi playground if the offender is at least five years older than the minor.

    Provides that f_ ... ,~"".~ offenses ittvol

    ~!I;O~!lr o:e" fe'l:dn1es''':t~::for s

    !:1::::I:~:~:nt be add.~ to ~arious penal

    It,1i:

    lllillilll:llr

    ,

  • III.· .• '. GO' ,nUA .. THER.· .. ' •.. .n .. 'R·. ··0'1nT.··· . .•••• ..,."" .•.• '.IJs.~J'1 S:~ 'EJ.~. '" ":;,.,:. -:'.: :"'.:,::

  • Illi .•..•........... .. GODFATHERPROF1LES·

    Ricky Ross - Ricky "Freeway Rick" Ross is 29 years old and has built a small empire dealing massive amounts of cocaine. His nickname is said to have originated because he "came so far so fast" in his drug trafficking business.

    Ricky Ross is a known leader of the 74th Hoover crips who supplies drugs to both crips and Bloods gang members. Rick is also very well ,insulated and law enforcement officials have had a difficult time developing concrete evid~nce against him.

  • III GODFATHER. PROFILES III

    Michael Harris - Drug agents describe Michael "Harry 0" Harris as a major cocaine trafficker. He is 26 years old and said to be making millions of dollars each year. His organization distributes cocaine in California, Arizona, Texas, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Florida, Missouri and New York. Information indicates that Harris is dealing so much cocaine that major Colombian kingpins, such as Mario Villabono, have dealt with Harris directly. Harris is very wealthy and is said to own real estate, a deli, a limousine service, a car rental agency and a beauty shop. He has also financially backed a major Broadway play with some of his profits from his drug trafficking business.

    Harris is currently serving 28 years to life for executing one of his employees, James Lester, but still manages to run his businesses from behind bars. (5) .

    III Burea\ltl ~Crime and ~nalllitelligCm:··

  • Rene McGowan - Rene McGowan, also known as "NaNa," is also a major cocaine trafficker. Recent intelligence reports indicate that McGowan is the suspected ~eader of the Bounty Hunter Bloods from the Knickerson Garden area in Los Angeles. Reportedly, McGowan has ordered all Bloods in the surrounding areas to either join together--or be eliminated.

    Rene McGowan is a very wealthy 30-year-old. He owns diesel tow trucks and tow truck companies. He also owns a car wash business and several homes in areas such as Culver city and Diamond Bar in California; Las Vegas, Nevada; Denver, Colorado; and Kansas .ci ty, Kansas.

  • III':. «; ...•.... '. ;';' ".

  • Alvin Daniels - Daniels, also known as "Benzo Tootie" has been operatinq out of the Los Anqeles area for the last few years. He is the reported leader of the Benzo Boys qanq. This qanq is primarily involved in druq traffickinq but they are also notorious for their use of violent stronq-armed tactics aqainst other qanqs.

  • I '," ,," .'- '." .... --. . . .

    ........ -, .

  • III

    steve Robertson - Robertson, also known as "Whity" is the leader of Whity's Enterprizes. This group organizes and directs crips and Bloods street gangs in the distribution of drugs. Robertson has allegedly hired the "Benzo Boy's" to assist his organization.

  • III' .... ," .< .. .:, :,'''::.::'::'::::'' . . ...... :: .... :::.'

    Brian Bennett - On November 19, 1988, Brian "Waterhead Bo" Bennett, 24, was arrested at his luxurious million dollar home in Tempe, Arizona. At the same time, his Colombian counterpart, Mario Ernesto Villabona-Alvarado, 28, was being arrested at his home in Malibu, California.

    Officials reported that Bennett is the highest-level street thug that has ever,connected with the Colombian cartels. Villabona-Alvarado is allegedly a ranking member of Colombia's Cali drug cartel.

    Together, the two organized a nationwide drug ring headquartered in the Los Angeles'area that distributed 1,000 kilograms--more than a ton--of crack a week from Los Angeles to Detroit. Bennett was supplying thousands of rock houses allover the country and his connection was straight out of Colombia •

    ...•. •.•. .. ·Bun:aU.d~~.and~::Jn~,.

  • :::;!l~~;:;~;~~;f!:!:s C:tips and Blod4$ stree~i::i':qang~!:~ Law enforcement

    :~:> .;: )'; . .. ...... .

    Dep"rtment (Intelligence)

    ':::( 9 07 ) 786 - 8 7 3 2i:!::::~:

  • ...

    Holmes 15) 646-2473

    . ff·~tePt. Fresno Task J.:ose Garza :'(209) 488-4475

    lJ:0nolulu PolicO:::·;;;;;Llc: .... a.rl:ment (NaJ:cotic~) David Brown ('1:~08) 943-3011 .;:;." ...• ;

    , .. ~.:: dj(~{ Inqlewood.l?C>li LloY4S~ith (213) 412-5337

    Lonq Beach Police Department Norm Sorenson (213) 420-3108

    ".'

    uJ~t .iii:::!:;·

    Los Anqe:l;~~:" Police Department, Ganq unit

    ~iiifrfOl! LO$i):m~nqele$)b,Pol·~:ge Department Na~:6.~btics rh'forJriition Network

    Page 27

  • '

    "d

    . .... ". . .

    '. ..' .:; .. .;.. . . ',':' ~ ... . .... :', ,"" .... ', ' .... : ..' . ;::"' .. '. .... .. •.... ···1 . .

  • ~:~t!~,~'I{,epart~ent. ass (21'3) 671-1::5'3::~.m::~xtens1'Qh 326;;;::

    :::,j;:: . . :\~I:'j:~:[ • Ji':,::'iF::i::::!!,:l I.ios 1tongeles [email protected]~~ff '~,:tiJ~:epartm'Emt,

    4~~;~a!4!~;~;.'~i; ROlani Garcia :'Los Angeles Sh~~iff"':)3 Department Lynwood statio#::'jGanq'j;:;,unit

    .,(213) 537-6111:i:::rf:, . }~;\ :~)

    Los Angeles county Probation (Main) (213) 974-9315

    Los Angeles county Probation (Index) (213) 974,~,;9311

    Los Ang~'~'I,t DepCirtment of Motor Vehicles

    ~iF~:t:1' . LO:$,::::'}Angele~l: Int~rna t10nal Airport (Task

    ::II'jlr=

    Forel) I

    Page 28

  • Dieqo Dis ith Burt

    619) 531-439

    :,san Dieqo Tas .J( 619) 585-43

    :::;::seattle Pol \'(206) 684-877·

    :::~t ::~:acoma Po '-(':'2'06) 59

    ... : .... '. .

    western states Phil steed (916) 924-2713

    Page 29

    ',;.

    (I~~elliqince)

    (N~jcotics.i.;.:,.:l::;:::.·',:t . ;~i~~j~~' Network

  • 1.

    4. "San Francisco Examiner," By vikki Haddock, December 4, 1988, Pages A-22 and A-23.

    5. from

    Godfathers" - A videotape 1 Bureau of Investigation.

    "Arrests Cut Key .... police say," by williaD(jjjiiijjjj:

    30, 1988, Pages 1-3. ,.

    fety," By Dan Torres, Department.

    )/} .. ;':;:: ::~~: ~;:::;: ;:;:;::~.;;::::;::~::::: ': :;: ::: ::::;: ;:;: :

    ):@::::::':::'::::'::\'i:::r ;:",i.:ti \:'1 "':':~'::i::;:l:,

    :!~i!i::.:::.:~:.:~.:;·;~.:.: .. ·.j.:: .. :,.::.;:~:,.:.:.::::,'::.:::~::::: ... ::.: ... : .... :;.' .... : .. :.::., ... :', :;;j] .... : '-:,,:::" >::: ':. .~l.:.~.:.:::.:::.::.:.::::~:.::.: .:.::~.:::'.:: .. :.:. )~1~~it ... ":... ," .. ~:~::;;:;:: :-, .' .:' . ,.Ai:::':-;.

    '.:.:~

    Page 30

    L---_________________________________ ~ _______ _

  • J;~~i;~it'~~~r:Etm.. -~~ SCRIPS & BLOQ1}$ STREET:.qANGSj:ir the seCond in a series : .. ·~of publit;ations piii/ined for Idfij}enforcilf,ent by the Bureau of }' Organized Crime i#f9:J.f.itjmiii)iIlntelligeilce.

    :::.:',;:::: .

    Written by: Pam'tldJilti.{ter, Research A.'1.zalyst Editor /Design: D~~ra iiiqs, Research AkzJyst :,~:;.::A;:t!~!}t .:' Graphics Coordirii#or: J4IJise Anderson, Research'AiiaIyst Criminal Intell;ge~e SpedaIist: Debbie Hudson :.

    \: t:~': ::,:(:;!:

    Tony Moreno, Detective Los Angeles Police Department

    Robert Ruchhoft,' Lieutenant Los An9~~es Police Departmen't

    .;::?(:.:.,

    Dan T.S~·~es , Detective Ph!:'i;:KUhtz,:Detective

    .. ·~~9famezi-t:o POl.ice Department

    ~~;~ley MS.:~rid~·, sergeant L:§:S Ang~i~s c6.~nty Sheriff' s Department

    i~.·.::~.::~.u:: ;!!~{~~dj De~i::r .• : .••. :·.;:k;ill~:ri't:.: ..•. ·:: ... ; "."" .• ~ ~

    MJ~k And~·!rson. ::>(; /:

    Page 31

  • )Roj i Wataua.p'~:::;

  • Page 33