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  • 1. Investigation DivisionDeputy ChiefDavid Jones(775)

2. BATH SALTSSchedule I in Nevada (NAC 453.310) Chemicals found in bath Salts areSynthetic derivatives of Cathinone, achemical naturally found in the Khatplant.Mephedrone and MDPV (3-4methylene-dioxypyrovalerone) mostcommon Cathinones in Bath Salts 3. Brand NamesCloud Nine Blue SilkIvory Wave Lunar WaveVanilla SkyPure IvoryWhite Lightening DroneStardust DiabloRed Dove White Dove 4. Methods of Ingestion Snorting Orally Injection Smoking 5. Affects CNS Stimulant Rapid Heart rate Chest Pains Nosebleeds Sweating Nausea Vomiting 6. Affects Agitation Depression InsomniaParanoia IrritabilityDelusions Dizziness Suicidal Thoughts SeizuresPanic Attacks ImpairedReduced Motor Perception of Control Reality 7. Bath Salt Zombies? 8. Munnsville, New York Pamela McCarthy was running nakedand possibly high on bath salts. She was punching and choking her son. Husband takes child and runs away while Pamela takes off herclothes and begins chasing them. McCarthy got a hold of one of her dogs and began rolling around on the ground with her legs wrapped around it strangling the dog. Officers attempted to cuff her, butshe resisted. They tried using pepper spray to subdue her, but ithad no effect, so they tased her. McCarthy went into cardiac arrest and later died at the hospital. 9. July 05, 2012Lilburn, Georgia Karl Laventure, (21)appeared out of the woods and was seenrunning naked around a golf range nearAtlanta, swinging a club around his headand screaming. High on bath salts, hetried to attack officers.It took several officers to subdue the manwho had super-human strength.Officers tased him over 6 times. Whensubdued, he began threatening to eat thefaces of the officers. 10. July 05, 2012 Louisiana - Carl Jacquneaux, high on bathsalts, arrested after he bit off a piece ofhis neighbors cheek.Altoona, Pennsylvania Carla Murphy,stripped down naked in the maternityward, assaulted hospital staff and tried tobite a police officer while in a drug-induced rampage after smoking bath salts. 11. July 17, 2012Atlanta, GA - Matthew Hammond (21) waswalking around with a knife saying hesgoing to hurt somebody. Police arrive andMathew approaches vehicle with FECES inhis mouth, challenging the officers.Matthew admitted that he had smokedmarijuana, drank alcohol and snorted alot of bath salts 12. SPICESchedule I in NevadaSynthetic Cannabinoid compounds Labled Not for Human Consumption Sold as Incense Closely Resembles Potpourri 13. Professor J. W. Huffman Organic Chemistry Professor Clemson University Started Research in 1984 Huffmans team developed 450 compounds 14. Professor J. W. HuffmanDuring an interview, he is attributed tosaying the following about theconsumption of his compounds:Its like playing Russian roulette because we dont have toxicity data, we dont know the metabolites, and we dont know the pharmacokinetics. 15. False Advertising Labels on Spice products often claim that they contain natural psycho- active material taken from a variety of plants. Spice products do contain dried plant material, but chemical analyses show that their active ingredients are synthetic (or designer) cannabinoid compounds. 16. Synthetic MarijuanaSynthetic Marijuana is made byblending plants and herbs includingdamiana leaf, bay bean, blue lotus,and red clover. These ingredients aresprayed with a chemical that gives itits marijuana-like effects in the brain. 17. SymptomsRapid Heart Rate HallucinationsVomiting Raised BPAgitationReduced BloodConfusionSupply to HeartHeart Attack 18. Methods of Ingestion Smoking Mixed with Marijuana Prepared as an Herbal Infusion for Drinking 19. Popular With Young People 20. SPICE RAGEWaco, TX Michael Daniel, on Synthetic Marijuana (K-2) chasesneighbor, then brutally kills and eats dog. When neighbors triedto intervene Daniel got down on his hands and knees and beganbarking and growling like a dog. As horrified witnesses watched,Daniel allegedly turned his drug-fuelled rage to a dog beating,choking and then ripping pieces of flesh away and eating them. Police found Daniel sitting on the front porch with the dogs carcass on his lap and blood and fur around his mouth and clothing. Daniel did not respond to officers at first, but when he snapped out of it, he asked officers to Tase him or fight him to snap him out of the bad trip. 21. Fallon Incident07/16/11 Renee Camarillo lived through aparents worst nightmare on July 4 whenshe discovered two of her children andthree of their friends overdosed on asynthetic drug and had to be rushed to thehospital.Children ranged in age from 13 to 17All five survived 22. DISTRIBUTIONSold over the internetIn Convenience StoresHead Shops 23. NV Schedule 1Substances May 5, 2011 and February 28, 2012 the following 11 trade name cannabiniod spice substances were added to Schedule 1: JWH-073 CP-47,497 CP-47,497 C8JWH-200 JWH-018/AM-678 JWH-210 AM-2201 AM-694JWH-122 JWH-250 JWH-081 24. NV Schedule 1Cathinones Effective February 15, 2012, six synthetic cathinones, referred to as bath salts were added to Schedule 25. Drug Abuse Prevention Actof 2012 (Section 1152) In an attempt to broaden the scope of synthetic substances included as Schedule 1 (illicit) Controlled Substances, this bill was enacted on July 10, 2012. It added 26 compounds, including many additional JWH substances. The law includes salts, isomers and salts of isomers within the chemical designations. These additional compounds have not been added to Nevadas Schedule 1 list. 26. Law EnforcementChallenges Limited Presumptive field test kits Lab verification of substances before arrests Extreme volume of synthetics verses those listed as Schedule 1 Controlled Substances 27. Law EnforcementChallenges False Labeling Potential return of produce from search warrants False Manufacturer lab analysis results Confirmation of owner/employee understanding of the illegal substance. 28. Criminal Case Development Document sales price and weights Location of product in the store Sales method (cash only) Sale via register, with or without receipt Sold with paraphernalia (pipes, bongs etc.) 29. Criminal Case Development Solicited conversation from the owner/clerk about the best product (highs, side effects, illness) Purchase Trafficking amounts (over 4 grams) and multiple varieties 30. What Can We DO?Report suspected synthetic productsales to law enforcementTraining and Education withemphasis in our schoolsFormal LE notification to storeowners/managers about the illegalproducts 31. What Can We Do?Business Licensing RestrictionsCity OrdinancesMedia exposure to educate aboutillegal status and health risks 32. Questions