Islam as a World Power Michael Goheen Trinity Western University Langley, B.C

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Islam as a World Power Michael Goheen Trinity Western University Langley, B.C. Slide 2 Importance of Understanding Islam Size: 1.2 billion; 2025 1.8 billion Size: 1.2 billion; 2025 1.8 billion Growth: fastest growing religion in world (percentage-wise) Growth: fastest growing religion in world (percentage-wise) History of animosity between Christianity and Islam, and West and Islam History of animosity between Christianity and Islam, and West and Islam Misunderstanding of Islam Misunderstanding of Islam Diversity of Islam Diversity of Islam Global power Global power Slide 3 New World Order 20th Century: Bipolar (US, USSR) 20th Century: Bipolar (US, USSR) Fall of Communism Fall of Communism New world order: New world order: One world order: globalization and modernization One world order: globalization and modernization Bipolar: north/south; east/west Bipolar: north/south; east/west Chaos Chaos Clash of civilizations Clash of civilizations Slide 4 Major Forces of Global Power West: globalization/modernization West: globalization/modernization Islam Islam China and economic power China and economic power Third world church and Pentecostalism Third world church and Pentecostalism Slide 5 Clash Between Islam and West Major clash: Islam and West Major clash: Islam and West Problem: Understand religion as private belief Problem: Understand religion as private belief Islam is not a religion in the common, distorted meaning of the word, confining its scope to the private life of man. It is a complete way of life, catering for all the fields of human existence. Islam provides guidance for all walks of life... The Quran enjoins man to enter the fold of Islam without any reservation and to follow Gods guidance in all fields of life. (Ahmed) Islam is not a religion in the common, distorted meaning of the word, confining its scope to the private life of man. It is a complete way of life, catering for all the fields of human existence. Islam provides guidance for all walks of life... The Quran enjoins man to enter the fold of Islam without any reservation and to follow Gods guidance in all fields of life. (Ahmed) Slide 6 Clash Between Islam and West Major clash: Islam and West Major clash: Islam and West Problem: Understand religion as private belief Problem: Understand religion as private belief Clash between two major religions and civilizations built on those beliefs Clash between two major religions and civilizations built on those beliefs I dont think there is a conflict between religions. There is a conflict between civilizations. (Muslim lawyer from Tunisia) I dont think there is a conflict between religions. There is a conflict between civilizations. (Muslim lawyer from Tunisia) Slide 7 Mohammeds Formative Influence Mohammed/Koran: Final revelation of God Mohammed/Koran: Final revelation of God Historical and cultural context: Historical and cultural context: Religious: animistic polytheism Religious: animistic polytheism Moral: immorality and corruption Moral: immorality and corruption Social: warfare, tribal strife, poverty, injustice Social: warfare, tribal strife, poverty, injustice Slide 8 Mohammeds Public Life 15 years preparation (595-610) 15 years preparation (595-610) Night of power (610) Gabriel: Proclaim Night of power (610) Gabriel: Proclaim Rejection and hostility in Mecca Rejection and hostility in Mecca Hijra to Medina Hijra to Medina Turning point in world history (calendars) Turning point in world history (calendars) Rejected prophet to powerful leader Rejected prophet to powerful leader Capable of establishing ummah Capable of establishing ummah Includes politics, society, economics Includes politics, society, economics Slide 9 Koran Recorded revelations from Gabriel to Mohammed: Final revelation of Allah Recorded revelations from Gabriel to Mohammed: Final revelation of Allah Given to Mohammed over 22 years Given to Mohammed over 22 years One God, One Law for One People One God, One Law for One People Intended to create ummah united in faith and in submission to Allahs law Intended to create ummah united in faith and in submission to Allahs law Memorized by Mohammed; written down by scribes; collected into present form 20 years after Mohammeds death Memorized by Mohammed; written down by scribes; collected into present form 20 years after Mohammeds death Slide 10 Ummah and Its Mission Ummah: Community of believers submitted to will of Allah Ummah: Community of believers submitted to will of Allah Includes political structure, social community, economic system, civil law Includes political structure, social community, economic system, civil law Early ummah of Medina: normative Early ummah of Medina: normative Peace: Comprehensive submission to Allah Peace: Comprehensive submission to Allah Two regions: dar al-salaam/islam and dar al-harb Two regions: dar al-salaam/islam and dar al-harb Mission: Establish peace throughout world by striving (jihad) Mission: Establish peace throughout world by striving (jihad) Slide 11 Formative Core of Islam Mohammed was possessed by two great religious aimsto proclaim God as the sole, almighty God, the Creator and the King of the day of judgement; to found a community, in Arabic called umma, ruled by the Law of God and His Apostle. These two objects constitute the core of Islam, its strength and its weaknesses (Hendrik Kraemer). Mohammed was possessed by two great religious aimsto proclaim God as the sole, almighty God, the Creator and the King of the day of judgement; to found a community, in Arabic called umma, ruled by the Law of God and His Apostle. These two objects constitute the core of Islam, its strength and its weaknesses (Hendrik Kraemer). Slide 12 Muslim Resurgence Growth and vitality Growth and vitality Self-consciousness of world power Self-consciousness of world power Quest to establish states governed by shariah law Quest to establish states governed by shariah law Anti-western Anti-western Military tendency Military tendency Oil-based wealth Oil-based wealth Slide 13 Struggle with the West Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs The underlying problem for the West is not Islamic fundamentalism. It is Islam, a different civilization whose people are convinced of the superiority of their culture and are obsessed by the inferiority of their power. The problem for Islam is not the CIA or the U.S. department of defense. It is the West, a different civilization whose people are convinced of the universality of their culture and believe that their superior, if declining, power imposes on them the obligation to extend that culture throughout the world. These are the basic ingredients that fuel conflict between Islam and the West. (Huntington). Slide 14 Struggle with the West Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs and societies founded on those beliefs Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs and societies founded on those beliefs Three Muslim responses : Three Muslim responses : Acceptance of West and modernity Acceptance of West and modernity Slide 15 Acceptance of Western Modernity To escape anomy, Muslims have but one choice, for modernization requires Westernization... Islam does not offer an alternative to modernize... Secularism cannot be avoided. Modern science and technology require an absorption of the thought processes [religious beliefs] which accompany them.... Only when Muslims explicitly accept the Western model will they be in a position to develop (Daniel Pipes). To escape anomy, Muslims have but one choice, for modernization requires Westernization... Islam does not offer an alternative to modernize... Secularism cannot be avoided. Modern science and technology require an absorption of the thought processes [religious beliefs] which accompany them.... Only when Muslims explicitly accept the Western model will they be in a position to develop (Daniel Pipes). Slide 16 Acceptance of Western Modernity The restoration of religion to the sphere of the personal, its depolitization, is the nettle that all Muslim societies must grasp in order to become modern.... If terrorism is to be defeated, the world of Islam must take on board the secularist- humanist principles [religion... in other words convert!] on which the modern is based, and without which Muslim countries freedom will remain a distant dream (Salman Rushdie). The restoration of religion to the sphere of the personal, its depolitization, is the nettle that all Muslim societies must grasp in order to become modern.... If terrorism is to be defeated, the world of Islam must take on board the secularist- humanist principles [religion... in other words convert!] on which the modern is based, and without which Muslim countries freedom will remain a distant dream (Salman Rushdie). Slide 17 Struggle with the West Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs Three Muslim responses: Three Muslim responses: Acceptance of West and modernity Acceptance of West and modernity Accept modernity, reject Westernization Accept modernity, reject Westernization Slide 18 Accept Modernity, Reject West Islam and modernization do not clash. Pious Muslims can cultivate sciences, work efficiently in factories, or utilize advanced weapons. Modernization requires no one political ideology, or set of institutions... The Sharia has nothing to say about the changes that accompany modernization... (Daniel Pipes). Islam and modernization do not clash. Pious Muslims can cultivate sciences, work efficiently in factories, or utilize advanced weapons. Modernization requires no one political ideology, or set of institutions... The Sharia has nothing to say about the changes that accompany modernization... (Daniel Pipes). Slide 19 Struggle with the West Struggle between two comprehensive religious beliefs Struggle between two com