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Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community in California By Hilda Pettersson

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

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Page 1: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community in California By Hilda Pettersson

Page 2: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and countries. In California it is defined as a spectrum and pattern that includes emotional, verbal, physical, sexual and economic control and/or psychological abuse used by adults or adolescents against their former or current intimate partners to exercise authority and power (CDPH.org: retrieved 2018-11-03).

Page 3: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

IPV in the Hispanic Community in California

34.4% of Hispanic women has reported IPV (CDC 2017: 120).

32.9% of women in California experience IPV in their lifetime (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence)

30.2% of these women are Hispanic (CDC 2017:138)

Identified root causes

Racial discrimination Masculinity Poverty

Page 4: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Different approaches to combating IPV

Advocacy for changes in policies

Education and Empowerment

Community Engagement

Altering current relations of power

Pressuring governments and states to take action

Helping people help themselves

Mobilizing the community

Page 5: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

NGOs

Futures Without Violence (FWV) RISE

The National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV)

Incite!

Community Engagement

Advocacy for changes in policies

Education and Empowerment

Page 6: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Futures Without Violence (FWV)

-  Empowerment and Education as a way to prevent IPV -  Engaging men and challenging masculinity

“Coaching Boys Into Men”

Athletic coaches as mentors

Coaching young men

Page 7: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

California based

Community/School-based education and training

Walk A Mile in Her Shoes

Page 8: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Interview with Jane Pomeroy at RISE Interview with Jane Pomeroy - Associate director

-Ending the cycle of violence

-Merged organization

-Educate and do presentation in the community

-Collaborating with community health workers hired by hospitals and other social services.

-Promatoras - Members of the community

-”Women helping Women” at a community church, providing childcare and food.

Encouraged by the department of Public Health to do community engagement

Page 9: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Interview with Jane Pomeroy at RISE

Obstacles

-Migrant farmworkers

-Public Charge

-School policies

-Grantours

-State legislations

Page 10: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

The National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV) -Advocating for laws regarding prevention of DV and IPV

-Federal legislations that hold perpetrators accountable and strengthen services for survivors

-Raising awareness

-Increased funding for housing

-NNEDV participates in conferences and expert panels at local level, state level and on a national level

Page 11: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

The National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV) Legislations which would restrict legal immigration and harm and limit protection for immigrant DV/IPV victims.

”Border Security and Immigration Reform Act”

”Securing America’s Future Act”

Reauthorization act of the FVPSA - act that fund

programs that provide victims of DV/IPV with

support and safety

Page 12: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Incite!

Immigrants rights, hate crimes, institutional racism and violence within the communities

Need for an intersectional analysis to understand how communities with people of color suffer violence.

Community solutions and mobilizing grass-root movements.

“continuation of the violence directed at the community.”

Institutional racism within the police and the criminal justice system

Develop community responses to IPV and sexual violence.

Page 13: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Incite! Community Accountability

Community deciding to work together to provide safety and support, create values and practices and develop ways to address community members abusive behavior.

Transform the political conditions that reinforce violence and oppression.

Addressing violence directly but also preventing it

Method relies on the community working collectively and for people to form social bonds.

Difficulties: Isolation of victims

Page 14: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the Hispanic community ... · Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has different definitions in different states and

Most suitable method?

Education and Empowerment Advocacy Community Engagement

Change

Tools to understand and break down norms

Changing the laws and regulations that enforce oppression

Developing strategies within the community and creating unity