IMPROVING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING STUDENTSO SPEAKING ABILITY BY USING ROLE PLAY ... speaking in order to motivate students in learning English Speaking. iv

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  • IMPROVING STUDENTS SPEAKING ABILITY

    BY USING ROLE PLAY

    (A Classroom Action Research at VII Grade of SMPN 251 Jakarta).

    A Skripsi

    Presented to the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training in a Partial Fulfillment of the

    Requirements for the Degree of Strata 1 (S.Pd) in English Language Education

    By:

    NURINA PERMATA SARI

    106014000418

    DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

    FACULTY OF TARBIYA AND TEACHERS TRAINING

    SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY

    JAKARTA

    2011

  • IFi

    IMPROVING STUDENTS' SPEAKING ABILITY

    BY USING ROLE PLAY

    (A Classroom Action Research at VII Grade of SMPN 251 Jakarta-Timur)

    A "Skripsi"

    Presented to the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher's Training in a Partial

    Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Strata 1 (Bachelor of Art) in

    English Language Education

    By:

    Nurina Permata Sari

    NIM: 106014000418

    Approved by

    Advisor

    DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

    FACULTY OF TARBIYA AND TEACHERS' TRAINII\G

    SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY

    JAKARTA

    20ll

  • ENDORSEMENT SHEET

    The Examination Committee of the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers' Training

    certifies that the Paper entitled, "Improving Students' Speaking Ability by

    Using Role Playo'(A ClussroomAction Research at WI Grude of SMPN 251

    Jakarta-Timur) writtenby Nurina Permata Sari, student's registration number :

    106014000418, was examined by the committee on27 Juni 2011, and was

    declared to have passed and, therefore, fulfilled one of the requirements for the

    academic title of S.Pd. (Bachelor of Arts) in English Language Education at The

    Department of English Education.

    Jakarta,2T Juni2}ll

    EXAMINATION COMMITTEE

    CHAIRMAN :

    SECRETARY :

    EXAMINERS :

    Drs. Syauki M.Pd.NrP. 19641212199103 r 002

    Neneng Sunengsih" S.Pd.NrP. 1973062s 199903 2 00r

    1. Dr. Atiq Susilo" MANIP. 19491122 197803 | 00r

    2. Dr. M. Farkhan. M.PdNrP. 19650919 200003 r 002

    Acknowledged bY:

    Dean of Tarbiyah and Teachers' Training Faculty

  • KEMENTERIAN AGAMAUNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN)SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH JAKARTA

    FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUANslimrf r;r:;i;r ;i;;i ;1.#rlr

    Jl. Ir . H. HuandaNo.95Ciputat 15142

    Telp: ( 62-21) 7443328,7401925Email: uinikt(?cabi.net.id

    Kepada Yth.

    Neneng Sunengsih, S.Pd

    Di Tempat

    Jakarta,2S Juni 2011

    Saya yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini:

    Nama : Nurina Permata Sari

    NIM : 106014000418

    Fakultas/Jurusan: Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan/Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

    Bermaksud merubah judul skripsi saya yang pada awalnya berjudul:

    DEVELOPING STUDENTS' SPEAKING ABILITY BY USING ROLE

    PLAY (Classroom Action Research at VII Grade of SMPN 251 Jakarta-

    Timur)

    Karena terdapat suatu permasalahan pada judul tersebut, maka saya merubah judul

    saya menjadi:

    IMPROVING STUDENTSO SPEAKING ABILITY BY USING ROLE PLAY

    (Classroom Action Research at at VII Grade of SMPN 251 Jakarta-Timur)

    Mengetahui,

    asibuan, M.Ed.

  • KEMENTERIAN AGAMAUNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN)SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH JAKARTA

    FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN&y hV.lF rll*ilil ttt tt. t. A,t4 3 '{AAI k

    Jl. Ir. H. Huanda No. 95Cioutat 15142

    T elp : ( 62-2r) 7 443328, 7 40 1925Email : uin ikt(ilabi.ryLjd

    Nama

    TempatiTanggal lahir

    NIM/ Angkatan

    Program Studi

    Judul Skripsi

    SURAT PERNYATAAN KARYA SENDIRI

    Saya yang bertanda tangan dibawah ini:

    Dosen Pembimbins

    Nurina Permata Sari

    Denpasar, 6 April 1988

    1060140004181 2006

    Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris6olmproving Studentsn Speaking Ability by

    Using Role Play" (A Classroom Action Research

    at VII Grade of SMPN 251 Jakarta-Timur)

    Drs. H. Bahrul Hasibuan. M. Ed

    Menerangkan dengan sungguh- sungguh bahwa:

    1. Skripsi yang segera diujikan ini adalah benar-benar hasil penelitian sendiri

    (bukan barang j ipl akan/ plagiat)

    2. Apabila dikemudian hari terbuktil dapat dibuktikan skripsi ini hasil

    jiplakan/ plagiat, maka saya akan menanggung resiko diperkarakan oleh

    Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Syarif HidayatullahJakarta.

    Jakarta, 7 Juni20II

  • i

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

    Praised be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, who has given the writer His love

    and compassion to finish the last assignment in her study. Peace and salutation be

    upon to the prophet Muhammad SAW, his family, his companion, and his

    adherence.

    This paper is written to fulfill one of the requirements to obtain the sarjana

    degree at the English Department of Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training,

    State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

    First of all, the writer would like to express her gratitude to her honorable

    advisor; Drs. H. Bahrul Hasibuan, M.Ed who always gives advices, pray,

    motivation and his time to finish this paper, hopefully Allah always bless him

    with his family, he is always healthy and May Allah grant all of his wishes.

    Besides, the writer would also deliver special thanks to:

    1. All lecturers in the English Department, for teaching precious knowledge,

    sharing Philosophy of like and for giving wonderful study experience.

    2. Drs. Syauki, M.Pd. and Neneng Sunengsih, M.Pd. as Head and Secretary of

    the English Department.

    3. Prof. DR. Dede Rosyada, MA. As the Dean of Faculty of Tarbiyah and

    Teachers Training.

    4. Drs. Nasrun Mahmud M.Pd. who accept my paper title.

    5. Her best gratitude to her beloved father, Mr. Dudung.Bsc and her Great

    Mother Mrs. I.Surtika Wati, and her beloved brother&sister Imam & Linda,

    who always prayed, give supports, motivations and moral encouragements to

    finish this research paper. Thanks on your motivation and love. She is nothing

    without you.

    6. Mrs. Pudji Rahayu, M. Pd as the headmaster of SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur who

    has allowed the writer to conduct this research in SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur,

    and All teachers and administration staffs of SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur who

    have helped and supported the writer in finishing this research.

  • ii

    7. Mrs. Nurminda, S. Pd, the English teacher of SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur who

    has given her ideas and times and also has guided, advised, and supported the

    writer in the process of doing this research.

    8. Her big family who survive together.

    9. Mr.Nana Suryana and his wife who always give supports.

    10. Her close friend, Mardani who had prayed and motivated her, thank you for

    your help and your patient.

    11. For all my friends in the English Department academic year 2006 of C class

    especially Nci, Riri, Mumut, Nia, and other friends especially lutfiyah, ando,

    syfa, etc who help finished my skripsi. thanks for giving more spirit.

    12. Last, but not least thank to all the writers friends in Cijantung, Ciputat, and

    Tasikmalaya, and the writers teachers whom the writer cannot write all their

    names.

    The writer does realize that this skripsi cannot be considered perfect

    without critiques and suggestions. Therefore, it is such a pleasure for her to get

    critiques and suggestions to make this skripsi better. Hopefully, this skripsi can

    give usefulness for the development of English teaching-learning.

    Jakarta, June 7th

    2011

    The Writer

  • iii

    ABSTRACT

    Nurina P.S, 2011. Improving Students Speaking Ability by Using Role Play (A

    Classroom Action Reserach at the first Grade students of

    SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur), Skripsi, English Education

    Department, the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers Training,

    Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.

    Advisor: Drs. H. Bahrul Hasibuan, M. Ed

    Key words: Speaking, Role Play Technique

    This study is conducted in order to develop students speaking ability at

    first grade students of SMPN 251 Jakarta-Timur through role play activities. This

    study is related to the result of a preliminary study showed that the students were

    still poor in English speaking skill; especially in giving interpersonal response.

    This study used a Classroom Action Research (CAR) which is conducted

    to solve the students problem in English Speaking. The Classroom Action

    Research (CAR) was done based on Kurt Lewins design. The writer did two

    cycles in which each cycle consists of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting.

    The data were gathered through qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative

    data were gained by analyzing the interview and observation result. Then,

    quantitative data were obtained from the students speaking score of pretest and

    posttest and questionnaire.

    The finding of this study indicated that the implementation of role play

    technique was successful since the criteria of success were achieved. The first

    criterion was 75% of students could pass the target score 65 based on the KKM.

    The finding showed that 84.21% of students had already achieved the target score.

    Besides, the second criterion was the students who become more active involved

    in teaching learning process. The result of observation, interview and

    questionnaire showed that by using role play technique students were active

    involved in the classroom. Based on the finding mentioned before, the writer

    suggests that the English teacher could implement Role play technique in teaching

    speaking in order to motivate students in learning English Speaking.

  • iv

    ABSTRAK

    Nurina P.S, 2011. Improving Students Speaking Ability by Using Role Play (A

    Classroom Action Reserach at the first Grade students of

    SMPN 251 Jakarta Timur), Skripsi, Jurusan Pendidikan

    Bahasa Inggris, Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan,

    Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

    Advisor: Drs. H. Bahrul Hasibuan, M. Ed

    Key words: Speaking, Role Play Technique

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara pada

    siswa kelas VII SMPN 251 Jakarta-Timur dengan menggunakan tehknik role

    play. Penelitan ini diadakan berhubungan dengan adanya masalah yang mana

    siswa memiliki kemampuan yang kurang dalam berbicara menggunakan bahasa

    Inggris; terutama dalam memberikan respon.

    Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian tindak kelas (PTK) yang

    bertujuan untuk memecahkan masalah pada kemampuan siswa dalam berbicara

    menggunakan bahasa Inggris. Penelitian tindakan kelas ini menggunakan model

    Kurt Lewin. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam 2 siklus dimana setiap siklus terdiri

    dari tahap perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, dan refleksi. Dalam mendapatkan

    data, penulis menggunakan metode kualitatif and kuantitatif. Data kualitatif

    didapatkan melalui observasi dan interview, sedangkan data kuantitatif didapatkan

    melalui tes (pre tes dan pos tes) dan kuesioner.

    Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa penerapan tekhnik role play

    telah sukses, sejak kriteria sukses tercapai. Kriteria pertama adalah 75% siswa

    mencapai target nilai 65 yang berdasarkan KKM. Hasil dari penelitian

    menunjukan bahwa 84.21% siswa telah mencapai target nilai KKM. Di samping

    itu kriteria yang ke dua adalah siswa menjadi lebih aktif pada saat proses belajar

    mengajar, maka dari hasil observasi, interview, dan questioner menunjukan bahwa

    dengan menggunakan tekhnik role play, siswa menjadi lebih aktif dalam proses

    belajar mengajar. Berdasarkan hasil dari penelitian tersebut, penulis

    menganjurkan kepada guru untuk menggunakan tehknik role play dalam

    pengajaran Speaking agar siswa lebih termotivasi dalam belajar English Speaking.

  • v

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    SURAT PERNYATAAN

    ENDORSEMENT SHEET

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .................................................................................. i

    ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................ iii

    ABSTRAK ......................................................................................................... iv

    TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................... v

    LIST OF TABLES .............................................................................................. viii

    LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................ ix

    LIST OF APPENDICES ..................................................................................... x

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

    A. The Background of Research .......................................... 1

    B. The Limitation and formulation of the Problems ............ 4

    C. The Objective of Research .............................................. 4

    D. The Significance of Research.......................................... 4

    E. The Method of Research ................................................. 4

    CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

    A. Speaking .......................................................................... 6

    1. The Understanding of Speaking ................................ 6

    2. The Functions of Speaking........................................ 7

    3. Classroom Speaking Activities ................................. 11

    B. Role Play ......................................................................... 13

    1. The Understanding of Role Play ............................... 13

    2. The Objective of Role play ....................................... 14

    3. The Advantages of Role play .................................... 15

    4. The Disadvantages of Role play ............................... 16

    5. The Type of Role play Technique ............................. 17

  • vi

    C. Teaching Speaking by Using Role Play ......................... 17

    1. Scripted Role Play ..................................................... 17

    2. Unscripted Role Play................................................. 18

    D. Classroom Action Research ............................................ 19

    1. The Understanding of Classroom Action Research .... 19

    2. Design of Action Research.......................................... 19

    CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    A. Time and Place of Research ............................................ 22

    B. Subject of Research ......................................................... 22

    C. Role of the Researcher in CAR ....................................... 22

    D. The Research Design....................................................... 23

    E. The Classroom Action Research Procedures .................. 25

    F. Technique of Collecting Data. ........................................ 26

    G. Technique of Data Analysis. ........................................... 29

    H. Criteria of the Action Success. ........................................ 30

    CHAPTER IV RESEARCH FINDINGS

    A. The Result of Pre Implementation of the Action .............. 31

    1. The Result of Interview .............................................. 31

    2. The Result of Observation .......................................... 32

    3. The Result of Questionnaire ....................................... 32

    4. The Result of Pre Test ................................................ 33

    B. The Implementation of the Action .................................. 36

    1. Cycle 1 ........................................................................ 36

    a. Planning .................................................................. 36

    b. Acting ...............................................................

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