Terms – Part A A. Book Musical – is a form of theatre combining _______,
________, ______, and _____. The story traces the fortunes of the main characters through a series of adventures with a __________, _________ and _____.
B. Libretto – the _______or _______of an opera or similar extended musical composition.
C. Librettist – the _________ of the Libretto
D. Lyricist – The person who wrote _________ to the songs
E. Composer – The person who wrote the ________________.
F. Score - _____________ music for (a movie, play, television show)
G. Book – The person who wrote the __________/__________ for the show.
Terms – Part B 1. Opera – a drama set entirely to ___________and all text is _________.
2. Operetta - contains scenes with ____________dialogue that alternate with __________
telling a romantic story. It features solos, duets, trios and choral numbers.
3. Musical Comedy – a form of musical entertainment from the 1920s that features a light ___________ story interspersed with ______________music with a silly or far fetched story.
4. Revue – musical entertainment in which _______________ and vignettes alternate with musical numbers. Scene and songs are stand alone and do not have a ____________ ____________line.
5. The American “Book” Musical - musical numbers alternate with spoken scenes; solos, duets alternate with choral numbers; singing alternates with dance numbers; comic songs and scenes alternate with serious songs and scenes/story progresses from one character to another to tell an exciting ______________ ______________with a beginning, middle and end.
Vaudeville = Variety Show Began in the 1880s 8. Cheap and popular ______________
_____________ included all genders and races. If you were “odd” that was fine:
beauty was not a requirement. Focus was on Frivolity, Enthusiasm ,
Absurdity Acts could not take longer than 10
minutes Costume was instantly recognizable 9. Training ground for _____________
______________. Individual performer was the focus
Vaudeville Acts Included – 10. know any 5 of these*
• Hobo Acts (Judy Garland – We’re a Couple of Swells)
• Comedy Cartoonists • Ethiopian Entertainers • Feats of Strength • Electrical Acts • Knockabout acts • Iron Jaw acts • Cornetists • Gun spinners • Trick Pianists • Rolling Globe Acts • Tabloid Plays • Novelty Ladder Acts • Parody Singers • Yodelers • Mind Reading • Knife Throwing • Regurgitators • Dancing Dogs • Jugglers • Children Acts
Vaudeville 11. From the handful of performers which brassy
Broadway belter made the transfer to film and radio?
12. From the handful of performers, whose last name was originally Zimmerman?
Gene Kelly Danny Kay Fred Astair Ginger Rogers Buster Keaton George Burns W.C. Fields Al Jolson Eddie Cantor Jimmy Durante Bob Hope The Marx Brothers Fanny Brice (Funny Girl) Jack Benny Jimmy Cagney Charlie Chaplan Bert Williams (first black performer to be accepted by all
races) Ethel Merman The Andrew Sisters Abott and Costello
Vaudeville ended because of the performers inability to adapt to film and radio.
Minstrel Show Began with Northern white
performers who observed Blacks entertaining themselves and imitated them
13. They put _____________ on their faces and parodied the _________.
Eventually, Black Americans started their own companies but continued to be expected to portray black stereo types set up by the white performers
14. White companies continued to use black stereo types but couldn’t compete with their authenticity or talent
15. Lasted until the ___________ (year)
Burlesque 16. A ______-
style show with _______ overtones.
17. For the majority of the 19th C burlesque included dramatic sketches and songs that __________ other theatrical forms
18. Near the end
of the 19th C it was synonymous with vulgar sketches and “girlie shows” or a __________tease)
Ziegfeld Follies 19. Name the legendary producer and first impresario of the American
20. This is a ___________show with several different _____.
21. Grandiose sets and costumes, comedy and ___________.
22. Amalgamation of _________ communities and _________ routines – the entertainment melting pot
23. Glorifying the American girl and her __________ Zigfield Follies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJpsZvpu6FY Gypsy: Burlesque - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gFRSawe33sA
Oklahoma was the first of a long line of successes for this collaborative pair.
Name two other musicals written by Rogers and Hammerstein
79. _______________- deals with World War II & Racism
80. ____ ________ __ _______ - deals with the Nazis in Austria, a bunch of kids and some nuns.
Lerner & Loewe’s My Fair Lady
81. This is the first Broadway show for actress, __________ _________ before she played a renegade nun!
1956-Very Important the words are meant to be SPOKEN, not
Rex Harrison could not sing
This led later to Rap Music, early rap artists recount hearing this album when they were kids.
1957 WEST SIDE STORY: A modern day Romeo & Juliet
82. Music by __________ Bernstein. 82. Concept by Jerome __________. 82. Book by Arthur __________. 82. Lyrics by Stephen __________. 82. Directed & Choreographed by: _________ ________
Importance of West Side Story
83. _______________relevant-dealing with real issues of racism, immigration, teenagers, gangs
84. First show with Stephen Sondheim who writes : _______________ Very daring for theatre Parents called for the closing of the show and the theaters Now Others can take risks of the show West Side Story, opening scene :