ESSENTIAL SKILLS WALES LEVEL 1 3 ESSENTIAL SKILLS WALES LEVEL 1 – 3 COMMUNICATION Guidance/Clarification General This document is intended to aid centres to successfully plan, deliver and assess Communication. Whilst this guidance focuses on

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    ESSENTIAL SKILLS WALES

    LEVEL 1 3 COMMUNICATION

    Guidance/Clarification

    General

    This document is intended to aid centres to successfully plan, deliver and assess

    Communication.

    Whilst this guidance focuses on clarification and application of the first two columns of the

    standards You must provide evidence that you can & Evidence requirements it is

    emphasised that candidates must have covered sufficiently the skills included in the third

    column - In order to show that you are competent, you need to show how to: before

    attempting to produce a portfolio.

    This guidance/clarification should be read in conjunction with the following publications:

    Essential Skills Wales publication (WG, April 2010)

    Additional Clarification of Essential Skills Wales (WG, November 2011)

    WJEC Example Portfolios (Available on CD from WJEC)

    WJEC Handbook for Centres 2011/12 (Available from WJEC Secure Website)

    Progression

    The aim of the Communication standards is to encourage candidates to develop and

    demonstrate their speaking, listening, reading and writing skills for different purposes. The

    standards are essentially concerned with developing and recognising candidates ability to

    select and apply communication skills in ways that are appropriate to their particular context.

    However, they can also be used to help individuals make connections with less-familiar

    contexts and develop their ability to progress to higher levels of competence. The techniques

    of communication are essential, but so too are the skills of application, such as making

    decisions about the relevance and quality of information and taking account of purpose and

    audience. The standards are designed to recognise candidates progression in terms both of

    underpinning techniques and of the skills of application.

    Skills and Evidence Progression Essential Skills Wales publication (p.12-26)

    Each level of the skill incorporates and builds on the previous levels. It is important to note

    that, where the wording of a standard is identical at different levels, the progression is

    inherent in another aspect of the standard. For example, the requirement to ask others

    when you are unclear about what you have read appears at all levels from Entry Level 1 to

    Level 3. The progression is inherent in the fact that the complexity and detail of the reading

    matter will be more demanding at each level.

    November 2011

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    Level 1 Subject matter and materials should be straightforward i.e. those that the candidate meets in their work, studies or other activities. Content will be put across in a direct way with the main points easily identified. Sentence structures are simple and the candidate will be familiar with the vocabulary. Assessment activities must be relevant to the candidate. There must be at least one image evident in the reading documentation for C1.2.1; however other images can be used to obtain and convey information. An image is a photograph, model, plan, sketch, diagram, picture, graph and chart but not a table of text or numbers. The image must aid the understanding of the written or spoken word and must not be a bolt on.

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    C1.1 Speaking and Listening The evidence must show that the candidate has: C1.1.1 Understood and responded to spoken language in a range of contexts C1.1.2 Spoken to communicate Information Feelings Opinions Questions Instructions On familiar topics, using appropriate language and in a range of contexts C1.1.3 Take part in formal discussions with two or more people on at least two occasions

    Evidence

    Essential *Assessment records with ticks against C1.1.1, C1.1.2 and C1.1.3 confirming that the candidate has met the requirements including specific ticks against information, feelings, opinions, questions, instructions where appropriate *Evidence of two discussions *The relevant section completed in the candidate/assessor log book

    Optional *Witness statement i.e., by a third party. Where a witness statement is used, it must be supported by further evidence and include the date, name, signature, contact details of the witness and details of the context in which the observation took place. The person assessing the whole portfolio is responsible for judging its validity and must counter-sign the statement

    *Written comments setting the speaking/discussions in context and reflecting on the candidates performance. This could be incorporated into the assessment records if a centre is not using WJEC proformas *Preparatory notes used in the discussions

    Best practice *Preparatory notes that have been clearly produced before the discussion has taken place and it is obvious how these notes have informed the discussion. For example, the candidate may have personalised a handout with their own notes.

    Best avoided *Generic class handouts/internet printouts that have not been personalised/individualised as evidence of preparatory notes *All statements ticked on each discussion record (information, feelings, opinions, questions, instructions) where there is not

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    *Instructions can be defined as an explanation of the proper way of doing something, usually in a step by step format *Preparatory notes can be in the form of candidates own notes, class notes or teacher stimulus material, but candidates must be encouraged to personalise/individualise these *A photograph of the speaking/discussion or edited video/audio clips *Any reading information used by the candidate could also be included as evidence for C1.2.1 * Any written information prepared by the candidate could also be included as one of the two documents required for C1.3.1 as long as it meets the requirements

    supporting evidence to explain what or how these were covered. This is particularly relevant with regard to instructions

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    C1.2 Reading The evidence must show that the candidate has: C1.2.1 - Read, understood and obtained information independently from at least two different types of documents. At least one must

    contain an image, and one document must be at least 250 words long.

    Evidence

    Essential *The relevant section completed in the candidate/assessor log book *A description of the documents read, if not included in the portfolio. The required length must be confirmed by the assessor * A description of the image, if not included in the portfolio *A copy/description of the outcome of the reading

    Optional *A copy of the documents, highlighted to show which parts of the text were read to obtain the information

    Best practice *An explanation of the purpose of the reading *A copy of the document written by the candidate as a result of reading the information can also be used as evidence for C1.1.1/2/3 if contributing to speaking and/or as one of the two documents required for C1.3.1 *An image is a photograph, plan, sketch, diagram, picture, graph or chart. Whatever form the image takes, it must be fit for purpose and must aid understanding of the written or spoken text. Candidates should specifically refer to the image in order to demonstrate how it aided understanding

    Best avoided *Candidates can be given documents to read, but they must be long enough so they can find information within them *If reading documents are not included, they should be fully referenced including URLs if relevant and their length stated *An image tagged onto the end of a reading document that is not referred to in the candidates output *A table of text or numbers does not count as an image *If the image is not included, the assessor must give details of the image and how it was relevant to the reading *If a bibliography has been included as evidence, at least two of the reading sources must be highlighted with information provided regarding their length

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    C1.3 Writing The evidence must show that the candidate has: C1.3.1 - Written two short documents of different types to communicate information to a familiar audience in appropriate formats and

    used language that is appropriate to their purpose and audience. One document must be at least 250 words long.

    Evidence

    Essential *The relevant section completed in the candidate/assessor log book *Copies of the two different documents this could include a letter, short report, short essay, memo, completed form, set of instructions, newspaper article, leaflet/handout, poster or menu. One of which must be 250 words in length *A plan for each document *A draft version of each document *Candidates must be able to write compound sentences using correct basic grammar and be able to spell correctly including specialist words related to the topic and context. Punctuation must be accurate including use of capital letters, full stops, question marks, exclamation marks, apostrophes and appropriate paragraphing. *Where a document is intended for public consumption (including formal circulation to colleagues in a work setting or classroom setting) where mistakes might be seen to reflect badly on the writer or organisation, it should be without mistakes (pg 86). Examples of such documents could include leaflets, posters, formal letters, application forms, minutes of meetings, reports and newspaper articles. *Any work that is produced using IT should be authenticated as the candidates own.

    Optional

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    Best practice *A copy of the document written by the candidate as a result of the reading can also be used as evidence for C1.3.1 *A plan is defined as a method for doing something and must include two elements a list or spider diagram (or similar) of the points to be included and an order or sequence that they will be dealt with *Correctness spelling: at level 1 one or two spelling mistakes.are permitted pg 86. *Correctness punctuation: at level 1 accurate use of capital letters, full stops, question marks, exclamation marks and apostrophes *Correctness grammar: from entry level 3 onwards accurate use of conjunctions, paragraphs and grammar is required

    Best avoided *Written documents that have not been annotated to demonstrate that spelling, punctuation and grammar have been assessed *Retrospective planning should be avoided *If a PowerPoint is submitted as evidence of writing, it must be without mistakes and fit for purpose by: Using key words or phrases and not continuous prose Appropriate use of capital letters Use of appropriate images (if relevant)

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    Level 2

    Subject matter and materials should be straightforward i.e. those that the candidate meets in their work, studies or other activities. Content will be put across in a direct way with the main points easily identified. Sentence structures are simple and the candidate will be familiar with the vocabulary. Assessment activities must be relevant to the candidate. There must be at least one image evident in the reading documentation for C2.1.2; however other images can be used to obtain and convey information. An image is a photograph, model, plan, sketch, diagram, picture, graph and chart but not a table of text or numbers. The image must aid the understanding of the written or spoken word and must not be a bolt on.

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    C2.1 Speaking and Listening The evidence must show that the candidate has: C2.1.1 Understood and responded to spoken language on a range of topics and in a range of contexts C2.1.2 Spoken to communicate Information Feelings Opinions Questions Instructions On familiar and unfamiliar topics, using appropriate language and non-verbal communication, and in a range of contexts C2.1.3a Take part in formal discussions with two or more people on at least two occasions. C2.1.3b Give a talk/presentation of at least 4 minutes

    Evidence

    Essential *Assessment records with ticks against C2.1.1, C2.1.2 and C2.1.3a/b confirming that the candidate has met the requirements including specific ticks against information, feelings, opinions, questions, instructions where appropriate. Also a time statement for C2.1.3b of at least 4 minutes *Evidence of two discussions and one talk *The relevant section completed in the candidate/assessor log book *Written comments setting the speaking/discussions in context and reflecting on the candidates performance. This could be incorporated into the assessment records if a centre is not using WJEC proformas *Preparatory notes used in the discussions *Preparatory notes used in the talk/presentation

    Optional *Witness statement i.e.,by a third party. Where a witness statement is used, it must be supported by further evidence and include the date, name, signature, contact details of the witness and details of the context in which the observation took place. The person assessing the whole portfolio is responsible for judging its validity and must counter-sign the statement

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    *Evidence of an image or some other support material used for C2.1.3b

    Best practice *Preparatory notes that have been clearly produced before the discussion/talk/presentation has taken place and it is obvious how these notes have informed the discussion/talk/presentation. For example, the candidate may have personalised a handout with their own notes.

    *Instructions can be defined as an explanation of the proper way of doing something, usually in a step by step format

    *Preparatory notes can be in the form of candidates own notes, class notes or teacher stimulus material, but candidates must be encouraged to personalise/individualise these

    *A photograph of the speaking/discussion/talk/presentation or edited video/audio clips

    *Reading information used by the candidate could also be included as evidence for C2.2.1as long as it meets the requirements

    * Any written information prepared by the candidate could also be included as one of the two documents required for C2.3.1 as long as it meets the requirements

    Best avoided *Generic class handouts/internet printouts that have not been personalised/individualised as evidence of preparatory notes *All statements ticked on each discussion record (information, feelings, opinions, questions, instructions) where there is not supporting evidence to explain what or how these were covered. This is particularly relevant with regard to instructions *Overcrowded PowerPoint slides - they must be fit for purpose which refers to the idea that the audience must be able to see and follow the information on them

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    C2.2.1 Reading The evidence must show that the candidate has: C2.2.1 - Read, understood and summarised information from at least two documents about the same subject. Each document must be

    at least 500 words long. At least one must contain reasoning and at least one must contain an image.

    Evidence

    Essential *The relevant section completed in the candidate/assessor log book *A description of the documents read, if not included in the portfolio. The required length must be confirmed by the assessor

    *One reading document must contain reasoning

    * A description of the image, if not included in the por...

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