DID YOU KNOW……. The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually. Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
DID YOU KNOWThe destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually.
Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROMEA tragic set of permanent physical, mental, and behavioral birth defects that result when mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy of infants from alcoholic mothers can develop FASAlcohol consumption causes birth defects in about 3 out of 1000The most severe damage is done during the first trimester when heavy alcohol is being consumedOften the mother does not know she is pregnant before the damage is done
When a mother drinks, her unborn child is exposed to alcohol.When a mother consumes alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream at the same rate for the infant as it is absorbed for the mother.Ethanol main ingredient has the toxic effect on the fetus.
Fetal alcohol Syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categoriesGrowth RetardationAbnormally small for age weight, length, and/or head circumferenceCentral Nervous System disordersAbnormal brain functioning, delays in behavioral development, and/or intellectual impairmentAt least one of the facial featuresThe facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:Small eyelid openings Short, upturned noseLong upper lip (from nose to mouth) with a thin red border and a deficient central groove Reduced size of the head
The facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:Drooping eyelidsSunken nasal bridgeSmall jawFailure of eyes to move in same direction
NORMALFASChildren with alcohol-related birth defects typically have:attention deficitslanguage difficultieslearning disabilitiesimpulsive behaviorpoor judgmentpoor coordinationirritability in infancysmall brain
Narrow foreheadShort palpebral fissuresSmall noseSmall midface
Long upper lip withdeficient philtrumchild with FASnormalalcohol-exposedmouse fetuses The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be seen in both a child and a mouse fetus that were exposed to alcohol during development.
THE FACE OF A CHILDWITH FULL-BLOWN FASHAS FEATURES THATCAN BE CAUSED BY DAMAGE TO MIDLINESTUCTURES.MATERNAL ALCOHOL ABUSE IS THE LEADING KNOWN CAUSE OF MENTAL RETARDATION IN THE WESTERN WORLDIn the US, at least 5,000 infants with FAS are born each year
Alcohol can cause permanent damage to a baby before most women realize they are pregnant.Pregnancy ComplicationsDefinitionsPremature DeliveryA baby born before 37 complete weeksof pregnancy. Most pregnancies areabout 40 weeks.Low Birth WeightClassified as a baby that weighs lessthan 5 pounds and 8 ounces. This canusually be attributed to the health ofthe mother during pregnancy.Still BirthWhen the fetus dies in the womb orduring labor.Sudden Infant DeathSyndromeA condition when an infant suddenlydies without any cause that can befound through an investigation orautopsy. Usually the infant is sleepingand when the parents go to check onthe infant they find him/her dead.Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development.Pre-implantation: first 2 weeksEmbryonic: 3-8 weeks after conceptionFetal: from week 9 until birth
How much is too much ???
How much alcohol is in a drink?
12 oz beer = 5 oz wine = shot of liquor in a mixed drinkEach contains the same amount of alcohol and all can cause damage to a developing baby!17
WARNING! Some drinks contain more than a serving of alcohol
Health advisories urge women who are planning pregnancy or who are pregnant not to drink alcohol!
Despite warnings, frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing1 in 5 pregnant women drink alcohol at some time during her pregnancy.
Frequent drinking is defined as 7 or more drinks per week or 5 or more drinks on at least one occasion.
There is no known safe amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!
The amount and timingof maternal alcohol use determines the type and extent of resulting birth defects.
Alcohol-Related Birth Defects are EXPENSIVEThe institutional and medical costs for one individual with FAS are estimated to be $1.4 million over a lifetime.
In the US, it is estimated that each year up to $9.7 billion is spent to help those with FAS
Alcohol-relatedbirth defectslast a lifetime.
ALCOHOL-RELATED BIRTH DEFECTS ARE 100% PREVENTABLE