2. Instructional InquiryI took a deeper look into a York Elementary Schools classroom. Itis a first grade classroom and consists of roughly 20 students. The teacher is very experienced with literacy and the York school system. York recently adopted a new literacy program called Lead 21, therefore the teachers are still learning the program and working out the flaws. This teacher teaches the Lead 21 program and includes extra literacy throughout the day.
3. Literacy Instruction Methods Lead 21 program aligned with CCSS (50/50 fiction non-fiction texts) Lead 21 Program Lead 21 program is new to York, it divides the school year into units and takes a deeper look at ideas and topics. The program lays out exactly what the teacher should teach each day Units range from investigating different habitats to learning about your community Very rigorous, fast program helping kids prepare for their future Program has set units for teachers to follow units include reading material based on content areas, author studies, etc. Some of the units are based on Science and Social Studies
4. Literacy Instruction Methods Cont. Writing is also incorporated into the program takes ideas from both Lead 21 and Lucy Cauwkins Writing is trait based and moves very quickly Uses Cauwkins units of study to form the foundation of writing Launches writing through Cauwkins and adds in the traits slowly, not all at once Models writing workshop not a rushed program All forms of writing narrative, opinion, information, etc.
5. Literacy Instruction Methods Cont. Students have time during the day to read independently and with a buddy, choose their own books Guided reading groups occur daily Teacher tries to meet with every differentiated group daily Groups range from 3-6 students Occurs during center time
6. Materials Lead 21 comes with all the materials necessary Main staple is a teachers guide book that explains explicitly what to teach and how The program also includes Big Books that go along with each unit Includes work books for students on writing, phonics, vocabulary, etc. Additional writing worksheets are also added to this program
7. Grouping This program incorporates both whole and small group work This program also includes guided reading groups Centers is also included in small group work 1:1 occurs with specific children when necessary
8. Assessments Variety of assessments weekly, unit assessments, assessments on certain skills DRAs are given to children several times a year to monitor progress DIBELS When needed teacher gives more assessments to certain students
9. Goals & Expectations Print rich classroom, many visuals Teacher models everything so students know expectations hands on approach, helps with skills like phonics, phonemic awareness, and spelling Incorporates hands on philosophy (multi approach)
10. Values Teaches children to value reading and enjoy it Children should learn that reading is fun and enjoyable, not a struggle or task you must complete Believes that reading occurs throughout all parts of life, therefore you should incorporate it throughout your entire day
11. Home-to-School Connection Lots of communication with home to keep parents up-to-date with what is occurring in school Newsletters, parent volunteers Students have planners that are signed daily from parent or guardian Constant communication with phone calls, both positive and negative
12. Types of Texts in Classroom Guided reading groups spend two days on each book alternate types of books (fiction & non-fiction) Always uses a Big Book with each unit to teach information The big book summarizes everything the students are going to learn throughout that unit. Usually occurs in a story and includes new vocabulary and questions to get the children thinking The big book also includes a table of contents, dictionary in the back, etc. all the components of a non-fiction text when appropriate Incorporates author studies when possible teacher chooses which authors to include Students have book buddy books and browsing books (they choose) Books cover all different genres, levels, interests, and content
13. Analysis of Texts in Classroom Classroom is very text rich, reading is included in most areas of the day Teacher includes a variety of texts so all students interests are meet All students are exposed to well-written and a variety of texts Exposed to a variety of ways to look at and read a text buddy reading, student choice text, author studies, read- alouds Guided reading groups texts are based on students level and what skills that group needs to work on Throughout the day includes both enjoyable text (read alouds) and instructional (big book and guided reading groups)
14. Instructional Time in Whole Group Calendar and morning meeting students all read morning message together every morning, work on their fluency and expression Lead 21 whole group instruction work on daily routines, oral language and vocabulary, reading and comprehension, word work Writing teacher models the new skill Read alouds and author studies Math, Science, Social Studies, etc.
15. Instructional Time in Small Groups Writing students practice what the teacher modeled Math after lesson is taught sometimes the students are broken up into smaller groups based on ability Centers Guided reading groups broken up based on skill level Flip charts vocabulary, writers desk, phonics focus, or book corner Spelling/word work Listening Math games
16. Instructional Time Spent 1:1 Writing if student needs extra support with a skill Centers/reading if student is struggling with a reading skill or behind in general
17. Analysis of Instructional Lead 21 Program Time During this time the teacher is focused on explaining and diving deeper into the unit they are working on. The students start off on the carpet and the teacher reads from the big book. Then as a class they discuss the main topic they are working on. During this time new vocabulary, comprehension, and oral language are being worked on. This program really focuses on moving the children forward and creating a well-rounded body of knowledge. Centers During this time the students are all working in small groups on a certain task. Guided reading groups also occur during this time. During this time all of the students are working on a new skill that they learned or worked on through the Lead 21 Program. The skills range from writing, vocabulary, phonics, reading, word work, etc.
18. Analysis of Instructional Time Cont Additional teaching time During the rest of the day the teacher is incorporating Math, Science, Social Studies, read alouds, author studies, and second step. During these instructional times the teacher is constantly incorporating reading. During second step the students work on building a good community and learning social skills. Throughout the day Lead 21 incorporates all these important skills the children need to know across all content areas.