ARCHITECTURAL ADVANCEMENTS AFTER INDUSTIAL REVOLUTION
INTRODUCTION:• The Industrial Revolution was a
particularly important period in human history, with more changes in the manner in which goods were produced occurring between 1750 and 1850 than in all of human history prior to that time.
• In terms of its social impact, the main significance of the Industrial Revolution lay in its transformation of the nature and effects of work on laborers throughout Britain and later in Europe.
• The impact of architecture on the industrial revolution is as old as time. For the purpose of this discussion we will begin with the architecture of the ancient world. In pre-industrial times those who constructed building also lived in them and they were forced to use whatever material was available and they also had to make their own tools. The idea of using cement to build structures dates back to the Roman Empire but waterproof cement was not created until the 1800's during the industrial revolution, this is just one impact that early architecture had on the industrial revolution. ("Architecture")"
ARCHITECTURAL ADVANCEMENTS:• 1779, the first ion cast bridge, was
erected across the Severn River in Coal brook dale, England
•1824, the Portland cement, a fire resistant cement, and the advanced forms of ion or steel bars led to the development of reinforced concrete in the 19th century.
•1837 Euston station in London was built by Philip Hardwick (demolished 1871, rebuilt 1963).
• Between 1850 and 1870, the use of cast ion emerged for facade treatment, and indoor decorations on Shoo district of New York City, Milan Gallery, Crystal Palace, London.
1889, the Eiffel Tower, was built for the World Fair in Paris, the leading examples of the use of ion lattice structures for architectural task.
• .Their buildings lacked imagination and style, But their style relied on function alone so it was function rather than style.
• The Crystal Palace became the basis for modern architecture, its' transparency symbolized a sense of- No Boundaries.
• new materials gave architects a broader chance related to style...
• At the turn of the century, engineers constructed bridges, canals, railways, factories...these structures and artifacts provided knowledge and experience that adapted to architecture.
CRYSTAL PALACE• The Crystal Palace was a
cast-iron and glass building originally erected in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. More than 14,000 exhibitors from around the world gathered in the Palace's 990,000 square feet (92,000 m2) of exhibition space to display examples of the latest technology developed in the Industrial Revolution. Designed by Joseph Paxton, the Great Exhibition building was 1,851 feet (564 m) long, with an interior height of 128 feet (39 m)
• The huge, modular wood, glass and iron structure at the top of Sydenham Hill was originally erected in Hyde Park in London to house The Great Exhibition of 1851, embodying the products of many countries throughout the world.[
La Tour Eiffel, [tuʁ ɛfɛl], nickname La dame de fer, the iron lady) is an 1889 iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris that has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tallest building in Paris,
• The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universally, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddle iron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koehler. Eiffel was assisted in the design by engineers Emile Doughier and Maurice Koehler and architect Stephen Silvestre.