- Albert Einstein. March 14, 1879 Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.
Albert Einstein. March 14, 1879 Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.
<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Albert Einstein </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> March 14, 1879 Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 1884 Einstein saw a wonder when he was four or five years old: a magnetic compass. The needle's northward swing, guided by an invisible force, impressed him. The compass convinced him that there had to be "something behind things, something deeply hidden." </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Albert as a Student Einstein knew, from then on, that he wanted to teach math and Science at a University someday. The problem was, he wasnt a very good test-taker and could not get a job at a University because of it. Rumor has it that he had even failed a Math test, but some people question that because of the way grades were assigned back then. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> 1905 Albert Einstein develops his Special Theory of Relativity. He did this while working as a Patent Clerk in Germany. He wasnt really even a scientist at the time. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Einsteins Special Theory of Relativity Relative to who is watching, space and time are transformed near the speed of light: distances appear to stretch; and clocks tick more slowly. clock </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Einsteins Special Theory of Relativity Einsteins theory meant that Newtons Laws needed to be modified. gravity Space and time are not absolute - and the universe we live in is not actually the one Newton "discovered. spacetime </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Einstein Continued his Genius in 1905 Einstein uses the idea that light exists as tiny packets, or particles, that we now call photons. His work anchors the most shocking idea in twentieth century science: we live in a universe built out of tiny bits of energy and matter. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Einstein Continued his Genius in 1905 Next, in April and May, Einstein publishes two papers. In one he invents a new method of counting and determining the size of the atoms or molecules in a given space. In the other he explains the phenomenon of Brownian motion. The net result is a proof that atoms actually exist - still an issue at that time. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Einstein Continued his Genius in 1905 And then, in June, Einstein completes special relativity - which adds a twist to the story: special relativity sees light as particles and a continuous field of waves. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Einstein Continued his Genius in 1905 And of course, Einstein isn't finished. Later in 1905 comes the most famous relationship in physics: e=mc 2. The energy content of a body is equal to the mass of the body times the speed of light squared. At first, even Einstein does not understand the full implications of his formula. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> 1907 In 1907, Einstein begins to apply the laws of gravity to his Special Theory of Relativity. In 1911, he finally gets a job as a Professor of Physics at the German University. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> 1910-1913 In 1910, Einstein addressed a basic question: "Why is the sky blue?" He approached the problem by looking at the effect of the scattering of light by individual molecules in the atmosphere. In 1913, Einstein begins work on his new Theory of Gravity. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> 1915 Einstein completes his General Theory of Relativity. Einstein challenged the way the world thought about gravity and Sir Isaac Newton himself - by describing gravity as the warping of space-time, not a force acting at a distance. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Einsteins new Theory of Gravity </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> 1919 A solar eclipse proves Einstein right, and he becomes an overnight celebrity. An experiment had confirmed that light rays from the sun were deflected by the gravity of the sun in just the amount Einstein had predicted in his theory of gravity, General Relativity. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 1921 Albert Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect" </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> 1928 Einstein begins pursuing his idea of a unifying theory that ties everything in the universe together. </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> 1933 Einstein and his wife, Elsa, escape Nazi Germany and set sail for the United States. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 1939 World War II begins. Einstein writes a now famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging nuclear research and warning him of Germanys building of an atomic bomb. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Einsteins Contribution Between 1905 to 1925, Einstein changed the worlds understanding of nature on every scale, from the smallest organism to the whole universe. Now, a century after he began to make his mark, we are still exploring Einstein's universe. The problems he could not solve remain the ones that define the cutting edge, the most tantalizing and compelling. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Einsteins Contribution Einstein continued to his dying days, trying to figure out a single central theory that explained everything in the universe. An extension of his work has become known as String Theory, which says that everything in the universe is made up of tiny strings of energy. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> April 18, 1955 Albert Einstein dies of Heart Failure. This is a picture of his last blackboard. </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Famous Einstein Quotes "Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new." "If A equals success, then the formula is: A=X+Y+Z. X is work. Y is play. Z is keep your mouth shut." </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Thank You Mr. Einstein! </li> </ul>