Advanced Transit Technologies(Personal Rapid Transit shown)
Short StoryA citywide ATN (automated transit network) feeding the BART station would:reduce CO2 emissionsimprove public health and safetyproduce a great 10-year ROI (200% - 400%).
Start with small pilot projects paid for by others (OBAG, FTA, foundations, PRT companies, residents).
Reduce CO2 emissions 84% in 38 years(required by AB 32, SB 375, Executive Order S-3-05)
Transportation Mode Share
Silver Bullet: cut SOV in halfStandford Research Park SOV rate of 89%Scenario: ATN from Caltrain station to 20 stations in the Research Park (20,000 employees, 100 buildings, area = 1+ mi2)Include cell phone apps, smart car-pooling, car-share services, existing transit services13 one-hour interviews and 62 surveyshttp://www.cities21.org/silver_bullet.htm
Citywide ATN would connect: BART/LRT/bus station Great Mall Post Office Library/Valley Health Center Town Center/Senior Center/City Hall Milpitas Sports Complex Hetch-Hetchy linear park MPD/Public Works various schools (MHS/Randall/Pomeroy, Rancho/Sinnott, new school) various shopping centers (Calaveras/Park Victoria, Calaveras/Serra, Milpitas/Dixon) various City parks (Augustine, Hidden Lake, Cardoza)
Cabs: 1-4 people, lightweight (1000 lbs.)
Operating ATN systems(Morgantown, Heathrow, Masdar, Sweden)
Benefits of a citywide ATNthat captures 10% of automobile VMT Environmental - Reduce CO2 emissions (AB 32, SB 375) - Slow global warming (emergency situation!)
Public Health - cleaner air - reduce auto-related injuries and deaths - transportation equity for cyclists, the poor, and the aged
Economic (next 4 slides)
PRT System Costs: guideway + cabs
Economic Benefits (1 of 3)A cost-conscious and effective government considers financial benefits (revenue and savings) that accrue to City coffers and to the Milpitas economy. The following assumes a citywide PRT system would capture 10% of trips. $9M - eliminate the need for a bike/ped crossing of Montague Expressway (BART/Great Mall)$9M - eliminate a bike/ped crossing of Montague Expressway (BART/new school)$5M - eliminate a bike/ped crossing of the railroad tracks at Yosemite/Curtis$5M - eliminate a bike/ped crossing of railroad tracks from Piper housing developments to the Great Mall
Economic Benefits (2 of 3)$3M delay for 10 years expansion of Calaveras crossing of the railroad tracks (5% of project cost)$2M delay for 10 years the Montague/Great Mall urban interchange (5% of project cost)$12M - resident fuel savings of $2.4M/year for 5 years (roughly 10% of 300 gals./car/year x 20,000 cars x $4/gal.) OR $13M - (5 years x $0.55/mile x 12,000 miles/year x 20,000 cars x 2%)$1M - 1% increase in property values due to improved transit generates 1% increased annual property tax revenues (for 5 years) (2010/2011 total Milpitas property tax revenue = $16.6M) $1M 10% reduction in street maintenance costs ($200K/year for 5 years) (137 miles of street) $1M - increased tourism at PRT "attraction" ($200K/year for 5 years)
Economic Benefits (3 of 3)$xM - reduce the amount of VTA Outreach service in the area (for 5 years) $xM - reduce amount of structured parking required in Midtown and Transit Areas ($30,000/space x 100 = $3M) $xM - rental for utility space (e.g. telecommunications) within guideways $xM value of public health/safety benefits$xM value of jobs createdup to $51M - reduce bus service in Milpitas for 5 years (3.8% of annual $270M VTA budget) TOTAL = $48M - $99M City's 20% cost of $120M ATN = $24M
One Bay Area Grant (OBAG)Two types of projects: 1) bicycle and pedestrian and 2) Transportation for Livable Communities.
All four proposed pilot projects qualify. The Yosemite/Curtis crossing and the BART/Great Mall circulator are PDA-qualified. Apply for OBAG funding by February 2013.
Advantages to first U.S. city to build ATNRegional and a national tourist attraction Fame, acclaim, and extra sales tax dollars
Pay below 20% for ATN Secure funding from groups interested in our "pilot projects" (OBAG, FTA, foundations, PRT companies, residents) to reduce City's need to fund full 20% ante.
First in line for an extension With a demonstrated pilot project in place, Milpitas would be a leading contender for additional funding to extend the project(s).
PRT as horizontal elevator over RR tracks
PRT ferry over RR trackshttp://www.electric-bikes.com/prt/ferry.html
Rob's askPut four projects onto the RTPYosemite/Curtis crossing of RR tracksHetch-Hetchy gap closure at north city limitI-880 crossing near 237 interchangeBART circulator
Encourage Rob to lobby for funding.
California Cities InitiativeCities interested in forwarding ATN: San Jose, Fresno, Santa Cruz, Mt. View, and Milpitas
San Jose State University ATN project
Ed PorterSanta Cruz City Council member 2000-2008retired UCSC professor10-year proponent of PRT
San Jose State University ATN project
SummaryAdvanced transit could reduce CO2 emissions, improve public health and safety, and produce a great ROI. Start with small pilot projects paid for by others.
Lack of action incurs risk of Climate Action Plan rejection by CARB, SANDAG-like lawsuit, financial costs to City and County of business as usual, and opportunity costs.
(Slides at http://www.electric-bikes.com/presentations)