APA In-text Citationsand References
APA In-text Citations Paraphrase or summary with authors name in text:Give year of publication in parentheses immediately after the authors name:Clemmer (1940), a pioneer in the field of prison research, argued that inmates assimilate into an inmate social structure and culture that condones deviant behavior.Paraphrase or summary without authors name in text:Give the author and year of publication in parentheses at the end of the cited material:Researchers have traditionally focused on the importation and deprivation models of inmate misconduct (Huebner, 2003).APA is referred to as the Author, Date format!
Definition of a ParaphraseA paraphrase restates the information from a source, using your own words. Have approximately the same, or fewer words as the source Include all main points and important details in the source Use your own words, not those of the source Keep the same organization as the source Be objective and do not include your interpretation
Paraphrasing Gleaning Inmates who are gleaning try to take advantage of prison programs to better themselves and improve their prospects for success after release. They use the resources at hand: libraries, correspondence courses, vocational training, schools.
Paraphrasing ExampleGleaners willingly participate in programs to rehabilitate themselves and enhance their success on parole. They participate in reading, educational programs, and vocational programs.
APA In-text CitationsQuotation with authors/authors name(s) in text:Give year of publication in parentheses immediately after the authors name, and put page number at the end of the quotation:According to Baumeister and Leary (1995), threats to social attachments, especially dissolution of social bonds, are a primary source of negative affect (p. 506).Quotation without authors name in text:Give the author, year of publication and page number in parentheses at the end of the quote:Past research on the pains of imprisonment have indicated that inmates suffer from a loss of liberty, loss of material possessions, and lack of autonomy (Sykes, 1958, p. 108).
APA References1.Reverse all authors names and use initials, not first names2.For more than one author, use commas and an ampersand (&) between names3.Give date of publication in parentheses4.Do not put quotation marks around the title of articles, do not underline the title of articles; capitalize only the first word of the article title, first word following colon (:) and proper nouns in the title of the article (this is referredto as sentence style capitalization)5.Titles of periodicals are given headline style capitalization, all words are capitalized except for articles (a, an, the) and coordinating words (and, but, for, or nor) Pay particular attention to use of capitals & punctuation!
APA References6.Titles of books and movies should be capitalized the same way titles of articles are (sentence style capitalization)7.Italicize the title of books, movies and periodicals, do not underline them8.Put a period after authors initials, date, title of article, and at the end of the reference. If the reference ends in an Internet address, do notput a period at the end of the Internet address9.Line 1 should be flush with the left margin, and subsequent lines should be indented (5) spaces (referred to as a hanging indent)10.List should be alphabetized by authors last names. Articles by the same author should be listed oldest to newest, in reverse chronological order
APA ExamplesFilm (motion picture):Marvin, N. (Producer), & Darabont, F. (Director). (1994). The Shawshank redemption [Motion picture]. United States: Castle Rock Entertainment.
In-text citation note for a motion picture: In the text of your paper you will give the name of the motion picture in italics followed by the name of the director, and the year it was produced in parentheses.Although The Shawshank Redemption (Darabont, 1994) is a fictional depiction of life in a maximum-security prison, it addresses a vast number of correctional issues from both the past and the present.
Which one is correct?Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F., & Reisig, M. D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F., & Reisig, M. D. (2006). American corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F., & Reisig, M. D. (2006). American corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F., & Reisig, M. D. (2006). American Corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
APA ExamplesBook (specified edition):Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F., & Reisig, M. D. (2006). American corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
Book (no edition):Carceral, K. C. (2004). Behind a convicts eyes (Bernard, T. J., Alarid, L. F., Bikle, B., & Bikle, A., Eds.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
In-text citation note when giving the name of the book: Give the name of the book in italics followed by the name of the author and the publication date in parentheses. God of the Rodeo (Bergner, 1999) is valuable to the field of corrections in that it shines a bright light on what goes on in the minds of serious offenders.
www.turnitin.comJS 104Paper Submissions
What Turnitin Searches1.Current and archived copy of the publicly accessible Internet (more than 4.5 billion pages indexed) 2.Millions of published works from databases and The Gutenburg Collection of literary classics 3.Millions of student papers previously submitted to Turnitin since 1996
Submitting Your Paper
Uploading Your Paper123
Digital Receipt12Click on class portfolio to access your Originality Report
Your Originality Report
Originality Report:Color and Similarity PercentageYour Originality Report color should be BLUE or GREEN at mostFor both of your papers, your goal should be no more than 10% of similarity If you are higher than 10%, you have some work to do!If your Originality Report color is YELLOW, ORANGE, or RED, you must revise your paper and resubmit it.
ResubmissionIf you need to resubmit your paper to turnitin.com, you have to notify Jan or myself right away so that one of us can delete your initial paper submission.
Turnitin.com will not allow you to resubmit a revision of your paper until the 1st submission has been deleted.
APA is referred to as the Author, Date format
Im going to start with In-text citations, which refers to source citations in the body of your papers
The 1st example is a Paraphrase or summary with the authors name in the text: Clemmer (1940)
The 2nd example is a Paraphrase or summary without the authors name in the text: (Huebner, 2003)Whenever possible, you should paraphrase instead of using direct quotes.
There are (5) criteria that should be met when you paraphrase....We are going to do a little paraphrasing exercise, so please take out a sheet of paper
Read the passage, and take a few minutes to paraphrase itHere are (2) different examples of in-text citations:The 1st one gives the authors names and the date of publication at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the quote, and ends with the page number in the article where the quote came from.
The 2nd example contains all of the same information, but at the end of the sentence in parentheses following the quote.
Either format is fineWhen it comes to APA references, which go at the end of your paper, there are (10) basic things you need to remember...The 1st example you see is a reference citation for a film
The 2nd example is how you should cite your film in your papers (Darabont is the director)The 1st example is a reference citation for your textbook. If you have an older edition of the book, you will need to pay close attention to the authors, the publication date, and the edition.
The 2nd example is a reference citation for the Carceral book (which you should all be reading!)
The 3rd example is an in-text citation for a book that does not include a quote.What does Turnitin Search?
1) First, it searches a current copy and an archived copy of the publicly accessible Internet (more than 4.5 billion pages indexed so far). Our web crawler technology allows for a more directed search for new and updated text (so that it does not waste time downloading material that educators are not interested in). The archived copy addresses the issue of web sites that disappear over time.
2) In addition to Internet text, Turnitin searches millions of published works including scholarly journals and newspapers indexed in 3 of the most widely subscribed to ProQuest Databases and all of the classics included in the Gutenberg collection. We are the only service to include data of this kind and we hope to acquire more subscription database material soon.
3) Most importantly, our search area includes millions of student papers submitted to Turnitin since 1996. This means that we have the largest database of previously submitted work. This is also the only way to combat two forms of plagiarism:1) the use of the for-pay-cheat-site papers that students can buy and download and 2) internal sharing of original work between students in the same classes.
In addition, IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO NOTE: that a previously submitted paper match does not show any identifying information or any of the actual paper from the previous student. We follow FERPA and COPPA student privacy policies. You do get a communication box that appears so you can e-mail the faculty member who received this paper to follow up from a teacher to teacher perspective. I will show your this in a minute.
It is also very important to note that Turnitin complies with all copyright laws. I will also show you where to get more information about legal issues.
(Click to next slide)
Once you have registered on the web site, youll log in on the homepageYoull need to enter the email address you used to register, your password, and then of course, click on LoginOnce youve logged in, youll be taken to your student homepageOn your homepage, youll see JS104 listed as you see on the screenTo enter the class, just click on the linkWhen you have entered the JS104 class, youll be taken to this page, which is where you will begin your paper submission processTo the right of the listed assignment, under submit youll see a small icon that looks kind of like a sheet of lined paper.Click on the icon to begin your paper submission processYoull be taken to this page, which will already have your name filled in
You will need to (1) enter a title for the paper you are submitting, you can use the title of your film, or the name of the assignment (i.e., film review)
Next youll need to locate your paper on your computer using the browse button
And finally, click on the submit buttonOnce youve clicked on the submit button on the previous screen, this screen will pop up asking you to make sure that you have indicated the correct paper to be uploaded.
Take a second to double check, and then click on the yes, submit button to continue with the submission process, OR click on the no, go back link if you have mistakenly chosen the wrong paper to uploadOnce you have successfully uploaded your paper, you will see a digital receipt pop up on the screen (like this one).
You will also be emailed a copy of your digital receipt, so theres no need to print this page
To access your originality report, click on the class portfolio buttonYou will be taken back to the page where you began the paper submission process; however, you will now see the title of your paper, the date submitted and under contents a percentage and color-code
If you the percentage and color-code icon is not fully visible yet, click the refresh button on your browser, and it should appear and be accessible.
To access your originality report, click on the percentage/color-code iconIt would be preferable that you print out your originality report that you will be turning in, in color
Your report is color coded according to how much similarity was found between what you wrote and the existing literature already out there
In case you cannot print your originality report in color, please notify either Jan or myself, and we can print it for you. Be sure to do this in a timely manner!