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- 1. Serbia
- 2. Physical Characteristics
- Serbia is landlocked. The closest sea is the Adriatic Sea.
- Serbia is located on the Balkan Peninsula
- The north is covered by the Danube Plain. This plain is fertile and good for farming.
- 3. Physical Characteristics
- The south is more mountainous and contains three mountain ranges: the Balkans, the Rhodopes, and the Dinaric Alps.
- The Danube River is valuable to Serbia because it provides access to inland Europe for trade. Because Serbia is landlocked the Danube is Serbias most valuable water trade route.
- 4. Culture
- Serbian, a Serbo-Croatian, language is spoken in Serbia.
- Approximately 84% of the population are Orthodox Christians. This unites the country through a primary religion.
A Serbian Orthodox Cross
- Serbian cuisine is a mix of Turkish, Mediterranean, and Central European. This is because migration from many of these areas is easy.
- 5. Traditions & Customs
- A traditional Serbian dance is the kolo, a circle dance.
- On Christmas Eve Serbians burn an oak log on their fire. This is called the Badnjak and is similar to the yule log in other cultures.
- 6. Traditions & Customs
- The Zapis is a sacred tree in Serbia.
- A cross is carved into the bark of a Zapis.
- Church services are often held around these trees.
- 7. Traditions & Customs
- Serbian Christians celebrate the Slava.
- In the Slava each family venerates their chosen patron saint on a feast day.
- Most of these traditions are common throughout the country. This unites them culturally.
- 8. History
- The first government in Serbia was the Byzantine Empire.
- Serbia was conquered by the Turkish Empire in 1459.
- The Turks prevented Serbian involvement in the Renaissance by preventing contact with the west.
- It was annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1540.
- Serbia became independent in 1878 following the Russo-Turkish War.
- When Austria declared war on Serbia, World War I officially had begun. This declaration of war was caused by the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Austrian Crown Prince.
- 9. History
- In 1941 Hitler and the Nazis began their attack on Serbia
- After World War II Serbia became a part of communist Yugoslavia.
The Serbian Coat of Arms
- Serbia is now a republic.
- 10. Serbian Facts
- Population: 7,310,555 people
- Serbia has large sources of coal, petroleum, natural gas, and copper.
- The president of Serbia is Boris Tadic.