Tx history-ch-2.1

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<ul><li> Texas History Chapter 2.1 The Physical Landscape of Texas </li> <li> Why are we studying this? Texans have long relied on the states sources of water. Texas has many different resources including aquifers and reservoirs. </li> <li> Landforms of Texas </li> <li> Landforms of Texas <ul><li>Major Landforms of Texas </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Plains </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Hills </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Plateaus </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Mountain ranges </li></ul></li></ul></li> <li> Landforms of Texas <ul><li>Plains areas of flat or gently rolling land without a sharp rise or fall in elevation </li></ul></li> <li> Landforms of Texas </li> <li> Landforms of Texas <ul><li>Plateaus are areas of flat elevated land that drop sharply on one or more sides </li></ul></li> <li> Landforms of Texas <ul><li>Texas Hill Country </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Central Texas </li></ul>Texas Hill Country </li> <li> Landforms of Texas <ul><li>Ranges groups of mountains </li></ul>Guadalupe Peakhighest point in Texas </li> <li> Photos from the Guadalupe Mountains </li> <li> The Texas River System </li> <li> The Texas River System <ul><li>All rivers and streams in Texas eventually flow into the Gulf of Mexico! </li></ul><ul><li>Most Texas Rivers are located in East Texas ! </li></ul></li> <li> The Texas River System <ul><li>Tributaries any smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river </li></ul>Which river is a tributary to the Rio Grande? </li> <li> The Texas River System <ul><li>Major River Systems </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Tributaries of the Mississippi </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Red River </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Canadian River </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Flow directly into Gulf of Mexico </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Brazos </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Colorado </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Neches </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Nueces </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Sabine </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Trinity </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Rio Grande and Tributaries </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Rio Grande </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Pecos </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Few natural lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Caddo Lake: largest natural lake in state </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of artificial lakes </li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Reservoirs artificial lakes that store water and are often used as a source of water by towns and cities </li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Reservoirs also used for irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation supplying of water to crops by artificial means </li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Aquifer natural formations of underground gravel, rock, or sand that trap and hold rainwater </li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Refilling/Recharging is usually a slow process </li></ul><ul><li>Provide water for farms, home, &amp; industry </li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Ogallala Aquifer </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>largest underground aquifer in the state </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>stretches from Texas and New Mexico all the way to South Dakota </li></ul></li></ul></li> <li> Texas Lakes &amp; Aquifers <ul><li>Edwards Aquifer </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>underground water source for Central Texas </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>water source for Austin and San Antonio </li></ul></li></ul></li> </ul>