Narrative theory lesson 1
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- 1. Narrative Theory Media Studies AS
- 2. Narrative: the way in which a story is told in both fictional and non-fictional media texts.
- 3. Vladimir Propp
- Russian critic and literary theorist.
- Analysed over 100 Russian fairytales in the 1920s.
- He proposed that it was possible to classify the characters and their actions into clearly defined roles and functions.
- Films such as Star Wars fit Propps model precisely, but a a significant number of more recent films such as Pulp Fiction do not.
- The model is useful, however as it highlights the similarities between seemingly quite different stories.
- 4. Propps Character Roles
- The hero (seeks something)
- The villain (opposes the hero)
- The donor (helps the hero by providing a magic object)
- The dispatcher (sends the hero on his way)
- The false hero (falsely assuming the role of hero)
- The helper (gives support to the hero)
- The princess (the reward for the hero, but also needs protection from the villain)
- 5. Tzvetan Todorov
- Bulgarian literary theorist
- Suggests most narratives start with a state of equilibrium in which life is normal and protagonists happy.
- This state of normality is disrupted by an outside force, which has to be fought against in order to return to a state of equilibrium.
- This model can easily be applied to a wide range of films.
- 6. Equilibrium Disequilibrium New Equilibrium
- 7. Task:
- Apply the two narrative theorists we have covered today to the following clip .
- One character may fulfil more than on role and one of Propps characters doesnt necessarily take human form in a narrative.
- 8. Equalibrium
- On a high mountain plain lives a lamb with wool of such remarkable sheen that he breaks into a high steppin dance.
- 9. Disequilibrium
- But there comes a day when he loses his lustrous coat and, along with it, his pride.
- 10. New Equilibrium
- It takes a wise Jackalope a horn adorned rabbit- to teach the moping lamb that woolly or not, its whats inside thatll help him rebound from lifes troubles.
- 11. The Hero Seeks happiness following the visit of the van which leaves him without his lustrous coat
- 12. The Villain
- The farmer / van which arrives and takes the sheeps coat.
- 13. The Donor
- The Jackalope. He teaches the lamb to jump and be happy
- 14. The Dispatcher
- 15. The helper
- Once again, its the Jackalope
- 16. The Princess
- Its the contented happiness which the lamb gets from his new found boundin prowess, along with the respect of his friends.