Narrative theory lesson 1

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)



Text of Narrative theory lesson 1

  • 1. Narrative Theory Media Studies AS
  • 2. Narrative: the way in which a story is told in both fictional and non-fictional media texts.
  • 3. Vladimir Propp
    • Russian critic and literary theorist.
    • Analysed over 100 Russian fairytales in the 1920s.
    • He proposed that it was possible to classify the characters and their actions into clearly defined roles and functions.
    • Films such as Star Wars fit Propps model precisely, but a a significant number of more recent films such as Pulp Fiction do not.
    • The model is useful, however as it highlights the similarities between seemingly quite different stories.
  • 4. Propps Character Roles
    • The hero (seeks something)
    • The villain (opposes the hero)
    • The donor (helps the hero by providing a magic object)
    • The dispatcher (sends the hero on his way)
    • The false hero (falsely assuming the role of hero)
    • The helper (gives support to the hero)
    • The princess (the reward for the hero, but also needs protection from the villain)
    • Her father
  • 5. Tzvetan Todorov
    • Bulgarian literary theorist
    • Suggests most narratives start with a state of equilibrium in which life is normal and protagonists happy.
    • This state of normality is disrupted by an outside force, which has to be fought against in order to return to a state of equilibrium.
    • This model can easily be applied to a wide range of films.
  • 6. Equilibrium Disequilibrium New Equilibrium
  • 7. Task:
    • Apply the two narrative theorists we have covered today to the following clip .
    • One character may fulfil more than on role and one of Propps characters doesnt necessarily take human form in a narrative.
  • 8. Equalibrium
    • On a high mountain plain lives a lamb with wool of such remarkable sheen that he breaks into a high steppin dance.
  • 9. Disequilibrium
    • But there comes a day when he loses his lustrous coat and, along with it, his pride.
  • 10. New Equilibrium
    • It takes a wise Jackalope a horn adorned rabbit- to teach the moping lamb that woolly or not, its whats inside thatll help him rebound from lifes troubles.
  • 11. The Hero Seeks happiness following the visit of the van which leaves him without his lustrous coat
  • 12. The Villain
    • The farmer / van which arrives and takes the sheeps coat.
  • 13. The Donor
    • The Jackalope. He teaches the lamb to jump and be happy
  • 14. The Dispatcher
    • Its the Jackalope again!
  • 15. The helper
    • Once again, its the Jackalope
  • 16. The Princess
    • Its the contented happiness which the lamb gets from his new found boundin prowess, along with the respect of his friends.