Jeff davis

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  • 1. A System for InnovationJeffrey R. Davis, M.D.Director, Space Life Sciences Elizabeth E. RichardSenior Strategist, Wyle Project Management ChallengeFebruary 9-10, 2010 Exploring Space, Enhancing LifeUsed with Permission

2. Presentation Overview Background The System for Innovation Human System Risk Management Collaborative Innovation Human System Risk Management Process Standards to deliverables Master list of human system risks Risk Mitigation Analysis Tool Human System Risk Board Driving Innovation through Collaboration SLSD Strategic Plan Why collaborate? Critical success factors, best practices, and challenges Future Work Exploring Space, Enhancing Life 2 3. System for Innovation The Space Life Sciences Directorates(SLSD) system for innovation involves twokey components: 1) an evidence-based risk management system that continuously evaluates all human system risks across current and future operations, and identifies gaps in the research, technology, operations and service portfolios, and 2) a strategic system to drive innovation through strategic alliances and collaboration to optimize SLSD research, technology, operations, and service portfolios. SLSDs change process was stimulated by internaland external changes to the environmentExploring Space, Enhancing Life3 4. Change Drivers 2001, Institute of Medicine Safe Passagepublished 2003, CAIB Report issued 2004, Vision for Space Exploration released 2005, Exploration Systems Architecture Study 2005, Institute of Medicine Report regarding theBioastronautics Roadmap 2006 NASA Strategic Plan2/19/2010Exploring Space, Enhancing Life 4 5. Institute of Medicine Recommendations From Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions Develop and use an occupational health model for the collection and analysis of astronaut health data, giving priority to the creation and maintenance of a safe work environmentExploring Space, Enhancing Life5 6. CAIB Report Recommendations Establish an independent TechnicalAuthority, with responsibilities that include: Develop and maintain technical standards Sole waiver-granting authority for all technical standards Conduct integrated hazard analyses Review and approve research deliverablesExploring Space, Enhancing Life6 7. Institute of Medicine Recommendations Review of Bioastronautics Roadmap Incorporate an evidence-based risk assessmentand communication process into the riskidentification and reduction approach Risks and mitigation strategies should berepresented separately for assessment andcomparison Exploring Space, Enhancing Life 7 8. Human System Risk Management Human System Risk ManagementProcess Standards to deliverables Master list of human system risks Risk Mitigation Analysis Tool Human System Risk BoardExploring Space, Enhancing Life8 9. Standards to Deliverables Process Standards to deliverables first developed 2005-2006: first response to environmental changes Standards - implement health and medical policy The first step in risk mitigation is establishing standards to define an acceptable level of risk Standards are based on the best available information and evaluated against the space flight environment Operational experience is assessed to inform the standards Research projects are defined to fill the gaps in knowledge Deliverables Desirable solutions to research and/or technology questions that mitigate human system risksExploring Space, Enhancing Life9 10. Standards to Deliverables Process2005-2006Vision for Exploration NASA Strategic Plan Human Exploration Human RatingStrategy Requirements Health and Med Policy Procedural RqtsHuman SystemExplorationStandardsRequirementsResearch RequirementsDeliverables Ops Experience Countermeasures Knowledge 20142015 2025 2030Crewed CEV Human Lunar Human Expl HumanExplorationMars Vicinity Exploration of Transportation to LEO Mars20082009 20102011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 20182019 2020 ....2025 ...203010 11. Risk Management:An Evidence Based Approach A risk management system was needed to implementthe standard to deliverables process A master list of 90 human system risks was identified A rigorous evidence-based system to mitigate the approximately 90 human system risks for space is tracked and monitored through a Risk Mitigation Analysis Tool (RMAT) A flight activities control board and human system risk board manage all standards development, risks, and mitigation approaches to the 90 human system risks When solution to mitigate risks are not readily available from the research and technology portfolios, gaps are identified that must be closed for successful risk mitigation Gaps are evaluated for closure through innovative, collaborative approaches Exploring Space, Enhancing Life 11 12. Risk Management:An Evidence Based Approach Need to regularly collect/evaluate the accumulateddata and evidence from space flight operations andspace and ground-based research Use evidence base to make recommendations tocreate/alter health and medical human systemstandards and/or requirements The Human Research Program discipline reviewsbegan the review of the best available evidence in2006-2007 Evidence review is now weekly in the Human SystemRisk Board (HSRB began April 2008)Exploring Space, Enhancing Life12 13. Developed Master List of Human System Risks Collected all risks currently being worked in SLSDorganizations Re-worded to reflect proper risk statement: clearstatement of condition and consequence Categorized by threat Hypo, hyper gravity environments Closed and hostile environment Remote deployment Modified by missions Length Vehicle configuration Distance from EarthExploring Space, Enhancing Life13 14. Example from Master ListApplicableResponsibleID DispositionRISK STATEMENTMission Timeframe Program Risk of Inability to Adequately Treat an Ill or Injured Crew Member Given that there is limited mass, volume, power, and crew training time which therefore limits the amount of equipment and procedures available to treat medical Lunar Outpost7 Risk problems, there is a poss MarsDuring Mission HRP Risk of Compromised EVA Performance and Crew Health Due to Inadequate EVA Suit Systems Given the possibility that EVA Suit Systems are inadequate, the crew may be unable to perform mission objectives. Lunar Outpost8 Risk Given the possibility that EVA Suit Systems are inadMarsDuring MissionESPO/HRP Risk of Error Due to Inadequate Information Given the condition of lack of adequate information CEV to ISS available to the crew, there is a possiblity that operatorLunar Sortie error could occur on critical tasks resulting in failure to Lunar Outpost11Risk perform assigned tasks within requiredMarsDuring Mission HRP Risk of Behavioral and Psychiatric Conditions Given that behavioral issues are inevitable, there is a ISS possiblity that psychiatric conditions will occur on long Lunar Outpost12Risk duration space flight.MarsDuring Mission HRP Given that the Intra-Vehicular Charged Particle Directional Spectrophotometer has Exceeded its Expected Lifetime, thus limiting our ability to monitor the radiation environment, there is a probability that34Risk crews will exceed career radiation exposure limitISS14 15. Risk Mitigation Analysis Tool (RMAT) Collects the current status of work in developing andaddressing compliance with standards for identified risksand/or risk factors Assesses the need for mitigation to stay within the standardfor a particular mission Facilitates documentation and base lining of the riskmanagement approach - allows us to assess gaps andprovide traceability of our work The tool flows from a standard to a deliverable for aparticular mission Progress is assessed at the Human System Risk Board Exploring Space, Enhancing Life 15 16. Radiation Carcinogenesis: Risk Management Analysis Tool Architectures CEVISS ISS Moon MoonMars(CEV to ISS)(6 Months) (1 Year) (