How technology rules our lives... and our destinies

  • Published on
    16-Apr-2017

  • View
    240

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

Social Media MASTER

How Technology Rules Our Lives

Dr Ian Fenwick

For Rotary Club of BangkokDecember 15, 2016 digiAindra

and our destiniesMy story for you today is about two men, a chessboard, and the end of life as we know it (but, please, feel fine)

Copyright ian fenwick. All rights reserved

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/watson-beat-ibm-musicThe Hidden Persuaders (1957)Kenneth Boulding: A world of unseen dictatorship is conceivable, still using the forms of democratic government. 1

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homo_neanderthalensis_adult_male_-_head_model_-_Smithsonian_Museum_of_Natural_History_-_2012-05-17.jpg from http://www.flickr.com/photos/23165290@N00/7283199754/ http://speaklolcat.com http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160412-what-really-happened-when-we-met-neanderthals ABOUT 40,000 YEARS AGOOur closest ancestor, Neanderthal man. Driven extinct by us.At school I was taught that the superior intelligence of home sapiens put paid to Neanderthals, but it now seems that we interbred with them for thousands of years.

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

Model of an adult Neanderthal male head & shoulders, Hall of Human Origins in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C 70,000 years agoSame time as Homo sapiens idaltu2

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homo_neanderthalensis_adult_male_-_head_model_-_Smithsonian_Museum_of_Natural_History_-_2012-05-17.jpg from http://www.flickr.com/photos/23165290@N00/7283199754/ http://speaklolcat.com http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160412-what-really-happened-when-we-met-neanderthals ABOUT 40,000 YEARS AGOThey gave us the ability to survive in the chilly climes of N Europe we gave them unmentionable diseases which killed them.

I am sad. All my friends are dead

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

Model of an adult Neanderthal male head & shoulders, Hall of Human Origins in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C 70,000 years agoSame time as Homo sapiens idaltu3

http://imamsonline.com/blog/al-khwarizmi-the-islamic-scholar-known-as-the-father-of-algebra/ http://memeshappen.com/meme/donald-trump/we-need-to-build-a-wall-and-ban-all-algebra-53290 Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Kharizmi Director House of Wisdom, Bagdad ABOUT 1,200 YEARS AGOThis man was at the heart of intellectual life 1,200 years ago. Do you recognize him?

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

Major intellectual center of the world in 9th C4

http://imamsonline.com/blog/al-khwarizmi-the-islamic-scholar-known-as-the-father-of-algebra/ http://memeshappen.com/meme/donald-trump/we-need-to-build-a-wall-and-ban-all-algebra-53290 Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Kharizmi Director House of Wisdom, Bagdad ABOUT 1,200 YEARS AGO

He wrote this book. When it was translated into Latin, its title became Liber algebrae et almucabala. Sound at all familiar?

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

Major intellectual center of the world in 9th C5

http://imamsonline.com/blog/al-khwarizmi-the-islamic-scholar-known-as-the-father-of-algebra/ http://memeshappen.com/meme/donald-trump/we-need-to-build-a-wall-and-ban-all-algebra-53290 Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Kharizmi Director House of Wisdom, Bagdad ABOUT 1,200 YEARS AGO

He wrote the Arabic word shay thing for the unknown quantity transcribed in Spain, as xayabbreviated as x.We still use x for the unknown quantity, 1,200 years later!Yes, he brought algebra to the attention of the West.Liber algebrae et almucabala

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

Major intellectual center of the world in 9th C6

BUILD A WALL& BAN ALGEBRA, UNTIL WE FULLY UNDERSTAND IT perhaps this is what will happen next?

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

Now the chessboard. It is said that the inventor of chess presented the game to his ruler, who was so happy with it that he granted the inventor whatever he desired. I am but a humble man who needs to feed his family, said the chess-inventor, Just give me 1 grain of rice on the 1st square, 2 grains on the 2nd square, 4 on the 3rd, 8 on the 4th and so on. Doubling the amount of rice at each square (an exponential progression). The Ruler thought this sounded a good deal and told his rice people to start counting out the rice

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

19578

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

All went well in the first half of the chessboard, but the 32nd square needed about 4 billion grains of rice. It sounds a lot, but Im told its about 1 large field.But then the 33rd square needed 2 large fields, the 34th square 4 large fields. At this point the rice counters became concerned.They started to do the math. They figured that the 64th square would need a pile of rice bigger than the Himalayan mountains: more than all the rice grown in the world since time began!Supposedly the Ruler sent for the chess-inventor and chopped off his head for impertinenceExponential progressions have the habit of getting very very big! In the second half of the chessboard, things get weird!

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

19579

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

The digital world has many exponential progressions.Many of you know Moores Law which basically suggests that computing power kinda doubles every couple of years.Supposedly the Ruler sent for the chess-inventor and chopped off his head for impertinenceIf we start the digital era from about the launch of Sputnik, in 1957, we are now at about the 40th square. Well into the 2nd half of the chessboard

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

195710

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

YOU ARE HERE

Things are getting seriously weird

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

195711

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

20 YEARS AGODEEP BLUE LOSES IN 1996WINS IN 1997

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

1996 loses 2 to 41997 wins 3.5 to 2.512

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

6 YEARS AGOWATSON WINS JEOPARDY

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

201113

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sputnik_asm.jpg a replica of Sputnik, PUBLIC DOMAIN, NASA

4 YEARS AGODEEPFACE RECOGNIZES YOU Deepface 97.25% accurate humans 97.53% And who made Deepface? An intelligence agency?No Facebook and we all helped them by tagging photos!

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

201114

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/computers-can-read-emotions-better-than-you-can

HAPPYDISGUSTEDHAPPILY DISGUSTED3 YEARS AGOREADS EMOTIONS identifies 21 emotions including complextells fake from real with 85% accuracyWe dont know why hes happily disgusted, but the computer can recognize it! And tell real from fake emotions better than humans can

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

201415

https://visual-recognition-demo.mybluemix.net/

Now its not perfect Watson is 63% certain that Im Kickboxing

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

https://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659336160/in/photostream/ CC BY-SA 2.0 DATA DOUBLES TOO1 zettabyte = 1 billion gigabytes2007: 1/3 ZB2013: 4.4 ZB2020: 44 ZBBut computing powers not the only thing thats doubling every year or so

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

https://www.flickr.com/photos/mysterybee/1659336160/in/photostream/ 17

http://imamsonline.com/blog/al-khwarizmi-the-islamic-scholar-known-as-the-father-of-algebra/ http://memeshappen.com/meme/donald-trump/we-need-to-build-a-wall-and-ban-all-algebra-53290 Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Kharizmi Director House of Wisdom, Bagdad

Crunching all that data gets us back Al-Kharizmi, whose name gives us the word ALGORITHMalgorithms increasingly drive our lives

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

Major intellectual center of the world in 9th C18

http://venturebeat.com/2013/03/01/how-google-searches-30-trillion-web-pages-100-billion-times-a-month/90%+ never leave page 1,70% of those click top 4 resultsFor Search as as a whole:ALGORITHMS RULE OUR SEARCHESstudies show that people are more likely to vote for politicians who are on the 1st page of search results http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/05/12/research-in-india-suggests-google-search-results-can-influence-an-election/

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

19

tALGORITHMS RULE OUR NEWS FEEDS

almost every thing you see on Facebook, from the posts to the ads, are the results of algorithms at work

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://www.theshovel.com.au/2016/11/17/mark-zuckerburg-dead-at-32-denies-facebook-has-problem-with-fake-news/

algorithms that are better tuned to showing you content you will want to share, rather than content that is true[HINT Zuckerbergs not really dead]

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://gizmodo.com/why-people-keep-trying-to-erase-the-hollywood-sign-from-1658084644 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_Sign "Aerial Hollywood Sign" by Jelson25 - Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aerial_Hollywood_Sign.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Aerial_Hollywood_Sign.jpg http://la.curbed.com/archives/2011/06/big_tourists_go_away_message_shows_up_below_hollywood_sign.php?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter#touristsgoaway-4ALGORITHMS FIND OUR ROUTESwhen residents near the Hollywood sign wanted to keep tourists away reportedly they tweaked the algorithms

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

first erected in 1923 and originally read "HOLLYWOODLAND". Its purpose was to advertise the name of a new housing development in the hills above the Hollywood district of Chinatown.22

http://gizmodo.com/why-people-keep-trying-to-erase-the-hollywood-sign-from-1658084644 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_Sign "Aerial Hollywood Sign" by Jelson25 - Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aerial_Hollywood_Sign.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Aerial_Hollywood_Sign.jpg http://la.curbed.com/archives/2011/06/big_tourists_go_away_message_shows_up_below_hollywood_sign.php?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter#touristsgoaway-4

you are here

sign ishereALGORITHMS GET SUBVERTEDALGORITHMS FIND OUR ROUTES

Google suggests walk this way

Google maps, reportedly, takes you a circuitous route to a viewing platformnot to the sign itself

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

first erected in 1923 and originally read "HOLLYWOODLAND". Its purpose was to advertise the name of a new housing development in the hills above the Hollywood district of Chinatown.23

ALGORITHMS MAKE US STUPIDERpeople follow GPS algorithmsinto the sea

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/russias-new-spies-blow-cover-with-counter-intelligent-internet-photos-dxl2xwbh0?shareToken=0af493b11a6601ff924f37f7776d6e3d

ALGORITHMS MAKE US STUPIDERgraduated from Russian spy school? Post it on social media

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://www.contagious.com/blogs/news-and-views/cannes-lions-innovation-winnersGo http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-07-19/google-cuts-its-giant-electricity-bill-with-deepmind-powered-ai

ALGORITHMS GROW UP TO BE AI

Copyright Ian Fenwick 2013

Go DeepMind26

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

AI CAN GET RADICALIZED TOO

http://rs265.pbsrc.com/albums/ii204/xSuicideOfLove666/Icons/Eff/Icon_014.jpg~c200http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2016/03/24/microsoft-created-artificial-intelligence-but-shes-a-racist-homophobic-trump-supporter/ https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg

Microsoft created an AI to chat with teenage girls within 48 hours it was radicalized and switched off

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

AI CAN GET RADICALIZED TOOhttp://rs265.pbsrc.com/albums/ii204/xSuicideOfLove666/Icons/Eff/Icon_014.jpg~c200http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2016/03/24/microsoft-created-artificial-intelligence-but-shes-a-racist-homophobic-trump-supporter/ https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

AI CAN GET RADICALIZED TOOhttp://rs265.pbsrc.com/albums/ii204/xSuicideOfLove666/Icons/Eff/Icon_014.jpg~c200http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2016/03/24/microsoft-created-artificial-intelligence-but-shes-a-racist-homophobic-trump-supporter/ https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg https://gingermermaid.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/it-looks-like-you-are-stupid.jpg

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/singularity SINGULARITY: when artificial intelligence [has] become soadvanced that humanity undergoes a dramatic & irreversible change a study of artificial general intelligence predictionsfound a wide range of predicted dates,WITH A MEDIAN VALUE OF 2040

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

31

http://core0.staticworld.net/images/article/2015/11/111915blog-donald-trump-100629006-primary.idge.jpg http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwhttp://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwBy - Photo created by , as documented at Wikipedia fr, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=802513

DEVELOPMENT OF FULL AI COULD SPELL END OF HUMAN RACEStephen Hawking

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

We cant deny robots their humanoid rights

32

http://core0.staticworld.net/images/article/2015/11/111915blog-donald-trump-100629006-primary.idge.jpg http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwhttp://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwWERE ABOUT TO FACE LABOR DISPLACEMENT OF A MAGNITUDE WE HAVENT SEEN SINCE THE 1930sAndrew Ng, Chief Scientist, Baidu

Copyright by ian fenwick. All rights reserved

We cant deny robots their humanoid rights

33

http://core0.staticworld.net/images/article/2015/11/111915blog-donald-trump-100629006-primary.idge.jpg http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwhttp://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/we-cant-deny-robots-their-humanoid-rights-sxwtlgzgwTHE AI DOES NOT HATE YOU, NOR DOES IT LOVE YOU, BUT YOU ARE MADE OUT OF ATOMS WHICH IT CAN USE FOR SOMETHING ELS...