From to Self-hosted

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  1. 1. CC BY-SA 2.0 Jeff Vier @ Flickr From Wordpress.com to Self-hosted The Vancouver WordPress Meetup Group March 27, 2014 Luiza Libardi @luizalibardi
  2. 2. Access public slides http://luizalibardi.com/slides/wordpress-self-hosted.pdf
  3. 3. Roadmap Common questions What is WordPress WordPress.com Self-hosting Installing WordPress Understanding your site Migrating content Customizing Self-hosting: is it for me?
  4. 4. Common questions How do I transition from wordpress.com? Why should I do this? Is it for me? Can I handle my own WordPress site? Do I have to code?
  5. 5. What is WordPress? Content Management System (CMS) Top 3 Content Management Systems a.k.a. publishing platform 50% 17% 6.4% Source: http://visual.ly/most-popular-content-management-systems-2013
  6. 6. What is WordPress? Open Source GPLv2 The GNU General Public License is the most widely used, free software license, which guarantees individuals, organizations or companies the freedom to use, study, share, and modify the software. The GPL guarantees: the freedom to use the software for any purpose the freedom to change the software to suit your needs the freedom to share the software the freedom to share the changes you make
  7. 7. Create an account Free hosting Free subdomains name.wordpress.com Abide to their Terms of Service Restricted customization No access to FTP files or database WordPress.com
  8. 8. Self-hosting: WordPress.org WordPress CMS repository (no login required) Themes and Plugins repository (no login required) Information about WordPress (no login required) Forums (login required)
  9. 9. Self-hosting: choosing a hosting company Minimum requirements to run WP: PHP version 5.2.4 or greater MySQL version 5.0 or greater Memory usage 512MB Also good to check: Active 24/7 support Uptime Useful resource: https://wordpress.org/about/requirements/
  10. 10. Self-hosting: Filesystem and Database Files have a name and path (folders) Files have metadata associated with them (last modification date, media type) Content is accessed through an FTP software (such as Filezilla or Fetch) Content is a series of entries in a table Content can be "connected" to other entries in the database system Content is accessed through an online management system WordPress uses PHP (programming language) to store and retrieve data from a database. Databasefilesystem More about WP database: http://www.wpbeginner.com/beginners-guide/beginners-guide-to-wordpress-database-management-with-phpmyadmin/
  11. 11. Installing WordPress root wp-admin wp-content wp-includes index.php license.txt readme.html wp-activate.php wp-blog-header.php wp-comments-post.php wp-config-sample.php wp-cron.php wp-links-opml.php wp-load.php wp-login.php wp-mail.php wp-settings.php wp-signup.php wp-trackback.php xmlrpc.php If your hosting company doesn't provide a automatic installation: 1. Download and unzip the WordPress package. 2. Create a database for WordPress on your web server, as well as a MySQL user who has all privileges for accessing and modifying it. 3. (Optional) Find and rename wp-config-sample.php to wp-config. php, then edit the file and add your database information. 4. Upload the WordPress files to the desired directory on your web server. 5. Run the WordPress installation script by accessing the URL in a web browser. This should be the URL where you uploaded the WordPress files. Detailed instructions: https://codex.wordpress.org/Installing_WordPress
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  18. 18. Understanding your site How do I access my Dashboard? Go to http://yourdomain.com/wp-admin
  19. 19. Understanding your site Where are my posts stored? Why aren't they in the FTP? Post contents are stored in the database along with comments, users, links and relationships.
  20. 20. Understanding your site Where are my images and uploads? Everything you upload via Media uploader, on your Dashboard, goes to the uploads folder located under the following structure: root/wp-content/uploads The media is organized in subfolders named after the year-month of the upload date. root wp-admin wp-content index.php languages plugins themes uploads wp-includes index.php license.txt readme.html wp-activate.php wp-blog-header.php wp-comments-post.php wp-config.php wp-cron.php wp-links-opml.php wp-load.php wp-login.php wp-mail.php wp-settings.php wp-signup.php wp-trackback.php xmlrpc.php
  21. 21. WordPress.com offers a Site Redirect service available at the Store. Migrating: redirect the readers Detailed instructions: http://en.support.wordpress.com/site-redirect/ http://yoursite.wordpress.com http://yoursite.com
  22. 22. Export your posts from WorPress.com Migrating: bring your content
  23. 23. Import the posts to your website Migrating: bring your content
  24. 24. Import the posts to your website Migrating: bring your content
  25. 25. Import the posts to your website Migrating: bring your content
  26. 26. Now, the fun part!
  27. 27. Customizing WordPress: Themes What are Themes? Get them at http://wordpress.org/themes/ Same content Different views More about Themes: http://codex.wordpress.org/Themes
  28. 28. Customizing WordPress: Themes WordPress.com Self-hosted Always work with Child Themes!
  29. 29. Customizing WordPress: Themes Where to learn? w3schools CSS Tutorials w3schools HTML Tutorials A Beginners Guide to HTML & CSS An Advanced Guide to HTML & CSS WordPress Masterclass on Lynda.com
  30. 30. Customizing WordPress: Plugins Plugins are pieces of code to extend the functionality of your site. More about Plugins: http://codex.wordpress.org/Plugins What are Plugins? Get them at http://wordpress.org/plugins/
  31. 31. Customizing WordPress: Plugins WordPress.com Self-hosted Always check Ratings and Support!
  32. 32. Jetpack is a WordPress plugin released in 2011 that enables you to use features previously only available on WordPress.com on your self-hosted WordPress. Customizing WordPress: Plugins Stats Email subscriptions Social networking comment system The WP.me URL shortener Embedded media Automatic posting to social networks Grammar checker Embedded galleries CSS editor Mobile theme Sign in using your WordPress.com log-in credentials Alert you the moment that downtime is detected And more... Download link: https://wordpress.org/plugins/jetpack/
  33. 33. Self-hosting: is it for me? $ Costs Domain (~$10/year) Hosting (~$20/month) FYI: Worpress.com offers domain mapping for $13/year Time Learning Developing Designing Creating content Promoting your site Goals What is your site for? Who is your audience? Comparative advantage: what do you do best? Interesting article: http://on.mash.to/1jED6q6
  34. 34. Thank you! luizalibardi.com luizalibardi