A presentation by Jaroslav Tymrak, the Head of the Technical Unit at PEFC International, given at the May 2010 Stakeholder Dialogue held in Geneva, Switzerland.
- 1. Draft requirements for sustainable forest managementJaroslav Tymrak PEFC Council Head of Technical Unit 1
2. PEFC ST 1003:20xx, Part 1 (ED): Requirements for Sustainable Forest Management Standards Part 1: Temperate, boreal and plantation forests PEFC ST 1003:20xx, Part 2: Requirements for Sustainable Forest Management Standards Part 2: Tropical natural forests 2 3. Scope- PEFC Council defines meta-standards,- PEFC meta-standards should be based on intergovernmental processes,- Only PEOLG and ATO/ITTO PCIs (alternatively FAO guidelines for planted forests) can be used as meta- standards,- A single SFM standard should be assessed against a single PEFC meta-standard. 3 4. Scope 4 5. Application of SFM standards (3.1)At what level?are applicable at the forest management unit level, or at another level as appropriate, to ensure that all requirements are met at the forest management unit level.Note: An example of a situation where a requirement can be defined at other than forest management unit level (e.g. group/regional) is monitoring of forest health. Through monitoring of forest health at regional level and communicating of results at the FMU level the objective of the requirement is met without the necessity to carry out the individual monitoring of every forest management unit. By whom?shall apply to activities of all operators in the defined forest area who have a measurable impact on achieving compliance with the requirements. 5 6. Public availability of FMPs (1.1c)A summary of the forest management plan or its equivalent, which contains information about the forest management measures to be applied, is publicly available, except for confidential business and personal information. 6 7. Forest conversion (1.2 a and Appendix 1) Requirement regulating forest conversion includes two elements:a) To regulate conversion of forests into otheruse, including conversion to forest plantations b) To exclude from certification forest plantationsestablished as a result of the conversion. 7 8. Forest conversion (1.2 a)Conversion of forests to other types of land use, including timber plantations, shall notoccur unless in justified circumstances where the conversion:i. is in compliance with national and regional policy and legislation relevant forland use and forest management and is a result of national or regional landuse planning governed by a governmental or other official authority includingconsultation with materially and directly interested persons andorganisations,ii.entails a limited pro-portion of forest type,iii. does not have negative impacts on threatened (including vulnerable, rare orendangered) forest ecosystems, culturally and socially significant areas,important habitats of threatened species or other protected areas and,iv.makes a contribution to long-term conservation, economic, and socialbenefits (for example through the rehabilitation of degraded forests). 8 9. Forest conversion (Appendix 1) The requirement for the conversion of forest to other types of land, including plantations shall be interpreted that plantations established from forest conversion after the application date of this standard in other than justified exceptional circumstances are not meeting the requirement and are not eligible to certification.Optional requirements: - Specific date, e.g. plantations established after year 2000- Floating date, e.g. plantations established during the period of the last 10years- Rotation period, e.g. plantation within the first rotation after theconversion 9 10. Native species (2.2b) and introduced species (4.2b) Appropriate forest management practices such as reforestation and afforestation withtree species and provenances that are suited to the site conditions or the use oftending, harvesting and transport techniques that minimise tree and/or soil damagesshall be applied. For reforestation and afforestation, origins of native species and local provenancesthat are well adapted to site conditions shall be preferred, where appropriate. Onlythose introduced species, provenances or varieties shall be used whose impacts onthe ecosystem and on the genetic integrity of native species and local provenanceshave been evaluated, and if negative impacts can be avoided or minimised.Note: CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction, and Mitigationof Impacts of Alien Species that Threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species are recognized as guidance foravoidance of invasive species. 10 11. Usage of chemicals (2.2c)The use of pesticides shall be minimised and appropriate silvicultural alternativesand other biological measures shall be preferred. The WHO Type 1A and 1B pesticides and other highly toxic pesticides shall beprohibited, except where no other viable alternative is available. Note: Any exception for the usage of WHO Type 1A and 1B pesticides shall be defined byspecific forest management standard. Pesticides, such as chlorinated hydrocarbons whose derivates remain biologicallyactive and accumulate in food chain beyond their intended use, and anypesticides banned by international agreement, shall be prohibited. The usage of pesticides shall follow the FAO International Code of Conduct on theDistribution and Use of Pesticides or other regulations compatible with the FAOCode of Conduct. Proper equipment and training shall be provided with regularcompliance assessment made to minimise health and environmental risks.11 12. Representative areas , ecologically important biotops (4.1b) Forest management planning and terrestrial inventory and mapping of forestresources shall identify and protect ecologically important forest biotopes, takinginto account protected, rare, sensitive or representative forest ecosystems such asriparian areas and wetland biotopes, areas containing endemic species andhabitats of threatened species, as defined in recognised reference lists, as well asendangered or protected genetic in situ resources. The forest management shall provide for conservation/set aside of the keyecosystems or habitats in their natural state. Alternative proposal:PEFC Council would incorporate the concept of HCVF. 12 13. GMOs (4.1b) Genetically modified trees shall not be used. Note: The restriction on the usage of genetically modified trees has been adopted based on theprecautionary principle. Until enough scientific data on genetically modified trees indicates orguarantee that impacts on human and animal health and the environment are equivalent to, or morepositive than, those presented by trees genetically improved by traditional methods. PEFC Councilposition on genetically modified trees will be reviewed in 2015.Alternative proposal Until 2015, genetically modified trees shall not be used. Note: The restriction on the usage of genetically modified trees has been adoptedbased on the precautionary principle that until enough scientific data on geneticallymodified trees indicate or guarantee that impacts on human and animal health and theenvironment are equivalent to, or more positive than, those presented by treesgenetically improved by traditionally methods. PEFC Council position on genetically 13 modified trees will be reviewed by 2015. 14. Contribution to local economy (6.1a) Where applicable, forest management shall stimulate employment of the localpopulation, including indigenous peoples, as well as the local processing of timber andnon-timber forest products. The employment of local people, including indigenouspeoples, shall be stimulated, for example through training. 14 15. Indigenous people rights (6.1b) Property rights and land tenure arrangements shall be clearlydefined, documented and established for the relevant forest area.Likewise, legal, customary and traditional rights related to the forest land shall beclarified, recognised and respected. Forest management activities shall be conducted in recognition of the establishedframework of legal, customary and traditional rights, which shall not be infringedupon without the free and informed consent of the holders of the rights, includingthe provision of compensation where applicable. Where the extent of rights is notyet resolved or is in dispute there are processes for just and fair resolution. Insuch cases forest managers shall, in the interim, provide meaningful opportunitiesfor parties to be engaged in forest management decisions whilst respecting theprocesses and roles and responsibilities laid out in the policies and laws where thecertification takes place. 15 16. Training and competency (6.2b)Forest managers, contractors, employees and forest owners shall be provided withsufficient information and encouraged to keep up to date through continuoustraining in relation to sustainable forest management as precondition for allmanagement planning and practices tasks described in this standard. 16 17. Save working condition (6.2b)Working conditions shall be safe, and guidance and training in safe working practiceshall be provided. Forest management shall comply with ILO conventions No. 155, 161and 184.Alternative proposal: Forestry work shall be planned, organised and performed in a way that health andaccident risks are identified and all reasonable measures are applied which protectworkers from work related risks. Workers shall be informed about the risks involvedwith their work and about preventive measures. Working conditions shall be safe,and guidance and training in safe working practice shall be provided to all assignedin a task in forest operation.17 18. Compliance with legislation (7)Forest management shall comply with legislation applicable to forest management;including forest management practices; nature and environment protection;protected and endangered species; property, tenure and land use rights forindigenous people; health, labour and safety issues; and the payment of royaltiesand taxes. Forest management shall provi