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Text of Tennis

  • Lawn Tennis is a game played indoors or outdoors on arectangular court by two persons (in singles), or by four persons(womens and mens double) or by men and women partners(mixed doubles). The players use rackets to strike a ball back andforth across a net. The object is to score points by hitting the ballout of the opponents reach or in such a way that he cannotreturn it successfully.

The origin of the game is varied and ancient. It was at first a solemnfertility rite in Egypt and in the Middle East. Another view is that,the term tennis is derived from an Egyptian town on the Nileknown as Tennis and racket is derived from an Arab word rahat.Records confirm that tennis was played in France in the 12thcentury at first with the palm of the hand. It was played by monksand later by kings. Because of the enthusiasm, the sport came to becalled royal tennis. After 1800, court tennis began to experience adecline and lawn tennis came into being. The game becamestandardised in 1877. During the period of Victorian Prosperity,enthusiasts had been trying for some timeto adapt the game into an open-air sportand was brought upon by thedevelopment of vulcanized rubber. Thisenabled balls that were soft enough to notdamage the grass, but still maintain theelasticity of rubber. Courts were being built in many countryhouses and the first tennis clubsproviding facilities for members startedto appear. The biggest boost for tennis came in1875, when the All England CroquetClub decided to offer lawn tennis as anadded attraction. It was so popular thatthe club decided to change its name tothe All England Croquet and TennisClub. In 1877, the first ever Lawn Tennistournament was organized with 22players and 200 spectators. TheWimbledon Championship was born. It was in France that the game as weknow it today really came into being. The French players would begin agame by shouting teniz or Play!and this is how it got its name. Real Tennis was actually verydifferent from the game we knowtoday. It was played indoors, the ballwas hit off the walls, and the ballwent into chases instead of onlybouncing once. Tennis spread throughout Europe,becoming especially popular inEngland. The game started in India in the late 19th century. The first All IndiaChampionships in Tennis were held in 1910, in which both men and womentook part. India reached the top challenging position in the Davis CupTournament, a couple of times. Several Indians made an impression on thetennis courts. Sleem, Deane, Ranga Rao, S. M. Hadi, E. V. Bobb, P. L. Mehta,Brooke Edwards and Balagopalan were among the pioneers of Indian tennis.Among women, Leila Rao, Jenny Sanderson, Kusum Mehta and Khanum Hajiwere the celebrated stars.Ramanathan Krishnan with Naresh Kumar was a great force in the doubles,winning the National and the Asian Championships a number of times. TheAmritraj brothers - Vijay and Anand proved to be among the best pairs indoubles.Mahesh Bhupathi and Leander Paes became the first doubles team to reachfour Grand Slam finals. They won French Open and Wimbledon. Singles If a player wins his first point, the score is called 15 for that player; on winning his second point, the score is called 30 for that player; on winning his third point, the score is called 40 for that player, and the fourth point won by a player is scored game for that player except as below:- If both players have won three points, the score is called deuce; and the next point won by a player is scored advantage for that player. If the same player wins the next point, he wins the game; if the other player wins the next point the score is again called deuce; and so on, until a player wins the two points immediately following the score at deuce, when the game is scored for that player.Doubles In doubles a similar procedure to that for singles shall apply. At deuce the Receiving Team shall choose whether it wishes to receive the Service from the right-half of the court or the left-half of the court. The team who wins the deciding point is scored the game.Mixed Doubles In mixed doubles, a slightly different procedure will apply as follows: At deuce, with the male player serving, he shall serve to the male player of the opposing team irrespective of which half of the court he is standing, and when the female player is serving, she shall serve to the female player of the opposing team. Rectangular, flat surface, usually grass, clay, or a hard courtof concrete and/or asphalt.78 feet (23.77 m) long and 27 feet (8.23 m) wide forsingles.78 feet (23.77 m) long 36 feet (10.97 m) wide for doublesmatches.Net is 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) high at the posts and 3feet (914 mm) high in the center.Additional clear space around the court is required inorder for players to reach overrun balls. A net is stretchedacross the full width of the court, parallel with thebaselines, dividing it into two equal ends. The game of Tennis is played on arectangular flat surface which is calledcourt and the court is usually of threetypes- TYPES OF TENNIS COURTSClay court - (green clay, mainly in the U.S. and red clay)Grass courtHard court - (cement, rebound ace, coated asphalt) Clay courts are considered as "slow" court which means the ballsbounces relatively high and more slowly, making is difficult for player tohit an unreturnable shot. On clay courts, line calls are easily reviewablebecause the ball leaves a visible mark. The French Open is played onClay court. Grass court as considered as "fast" court and it adds an additionalvariable, with bounces depending on how healthy the grass is and howrecently it has been mowed. Of the major Grand Slam tournaments, theWimbledon is played on grass court. The hard court encompasses many different surfaces, ranging from old-fashioned concrete courts to coated asphalt to wooden gymnasiumsurfaces to artificial grass similar to Astroturf. Hard courts are alsoconsidered as "fast" surfaces, where fast, low bounces keep rallies short,and powerful, hard-serving players have an advantage.Australian Open and U.S. Open use hard courts - though both originallyused grass courts. Major Lawn Tennis Tournaments [Grand Slam] Australian Open French Open WimbledonUS Open Australian Open Location:- Melbourne Australia Venue:- Melbourne Park Court type:- hard courts French Open Location:- Paris, France Venue:- Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil(some of the years from 18911908)le de Puteau (some of the years from 18911908)Racing Club de France (all years from 19101924, 1926)Socit Athltique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux (1909)Stade Franais (1925, 1927)Stade Roland Garros (1928present) Court type :- Clay court Wimbledon Location:- Wimbledon, London Borough of MertonUnited Kingdom. Venue:-The All England Lawn Tennis and CroquetClub. Court type :- grass court. US Open Location:- New York Venue:-USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre Court type :- hard courts Ace:- A powerful serve that blows by the receiver. Or an amazing tennis player. Advantage in:- The server has the advantage and can win on the next point. Advantage out :- The receiver has the advantage and can win on the next point. Backhand:- A tennis stroke where your racquet arm crosses over your body to hitthe ball with the back of your racquet hand facing the ball. Ball Person :- The person who gathers the balls that went out of play. Baseline :- The chalk line at the end of the court that marks out-of-bounds. Court :- The area where you play the game of tennis. Can be made of grass, clay orconcrete. Crosscourt :- When you hit the ball diagonally over the net onto your opponentsside of the court. Deuce :- A score of 40-40. Dink :- A tennis shot with little or no pace. Doubles :- A four-player game of tennis, with two players on each side of the court. Fault :- A failed serve that doesnt make it into the service box. Frame :- The head or top of the racquet where the strings are. First Service :- The first serve. Follow Through :- The part of your tennis swing after you hit the ball. Forehand :- Tennis stroke where your racquet hand faces forward. Game Point :- When the leading player needs one point to win. Grand Slam :- Four major tennis tournaments: Wimbledon, U.S. Open, the FrenchOpen and the Australian Open. Head :- Part of the tennis racquet contained the frame and strings. Let :- A voided serve where a served ball hits the net but makes it onto the servicecourt. Lob :- Tennis stroke where you hit the ball high above the net and it goes deep. Love :- Score of zero in tennis. Match Point :- When the leading player can win the match with just one point. Mixed Doubles :- A doubles match where each team contains one male and onefemale. Net :- White netting spanning the middle of the tennis court. No-Mans Land :- Area of the tennis court between the baseline and service line. Out :- Any tennis ball that goes outside of the designated playing area. Point :- Time between the successful serve until the ball goes out. Racquet :- Tennis equipment used to hit the ball over the net. Also called a stick. Receiver :- The player who is receiving the serve. Serve or Service :- Hitting the tennis ball to a certain point on the tennis court. Singles :- A two-player game of tennis, with one player on each side of the court. Stroke :- Way of hitting a tennis ball. Can be forehand or backhand. Volley :- Volleying is when you hit the tennis ball before it touches the ground. Do you know????? Yellow tennis balls were used at Wimbledonfor the first time in 1986 . The fastest server in the womens tennis wasdone by Venus Williams who recorded a serveof 205 km/h . Henry "Bunny" Austin was the first player towear shorts at Wimbledon in 1932. Every year, 24 tons of Kent strawberries areordered for the Championships at Wimbledon. Wimbledon is the only major tennis tournamentstill played on grass. Margaret Smith Court holds the record with 24Grand Slam singles titles. The first women to play in the Wimbledontournament wore full len