BMW: The Initial Years

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    11-Aug-2014

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The initial years of the iconic BMW brand

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  • The Growth of BMW The Early years-1913-1920
  • Circa 1913
    • Karl Rapp establishes Rapp-Motorenwerke
    • He manufactures his own aircraft engines
    • However,they suffer from problems with vibration that Rapp is unable to fix
    • Switches to building Austro-Daimler aircraft engines under license .
  • Circa 1913
    • Gustav Otto sets up a shop building small aircraft.
    • Son of the inventor of the four-stroke internal combustion engine
    • He enjoys great success with his Bayerische Flugzeugwerke.
  • Circa 1916
    • The Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (BFW) is founded.
    • Gustav Otto merges his three-year-old aircraft factory
    • Rapp owns the Rapp Motoren Werke, which is renamed Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH
    • first CEO is Franz-Josef Popp.
  • Circa 1917
    • Two Austrians, Franz-Josef Popp and Max Friz , backed by a Vienna financier, Camillo Castiglioni, take over Rapp's business and rename it Bayerische Motoren Werke BMW
    • BMW's first aircraft engine -- the Type IIIa -- goes into production.
  • Circa 1917
    • A water-cooled six-cylinder inline engine, it features a unique "high-altitude carburetor"
    • Allows it to develop full power at altitude.
    • Developed by Friz
  • Circa 1918
    • The Bavarian Motor Works becomes a public company
    • BMW's first notable success was the 6-cylinder BMW IIIa engine
    • Powered a biplane to 5,000 meters altitude in just 29 minutes.
  • Circa 1919
    • Franz Zeno Diemer sets a world altitude record
    • record of 9,760m (32,013 ft.) in an aircraft powered by a BMW Type IV engine.
    • The Treaty of Versailles prohibits the production of aircraft in Germany
    • Otto closes his factory
    • BMW switches to manufacturing railway brakes .

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