Reniassance artists

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An in depth look at the artists you need to know about in the Renaissance

Text of Reniassance artists

  • 1.Chapter 17: Page 471The Renaissance

2. The Growth of Italian City-States 3. Why were Italian citystates so rich and powerful? 4. Overseas trade, spurred by the Crusades, led to their growth Northern Italy had a wealthy merchant class Its classical heritage of Greece and Rome 5. How did Florence become the most influential city-state? 6. Florence was mostly urban while the rest of Europe was rural Because of the plague, many of the citys survivors could demand higher wages Because Florence was small, many of its citizens could be involved in politics 7. What was the Renaissance and why did it begin in Italy? 8. Renaissance means re-birth which refers to revival in arts and learning Italian merchants displayed their wealth by giving financial support to artists Lorenzo de Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) was a generous patron of the arts 9. The Spirit of the Renaissance 10. Why People Like Me Became Interested in Ancient Culture 11. The Crusades made Europeans eager to learn about the world around them Church leaders became patrons of the arts by financially supporting artists 12. A Fascination with Classical Cultures 13. Scholars became interested in ancient Greek and Roman culture Artists used ancient art as models Brunelleschi designed buildings after studying Roman ruins 14. Filippo Brunelleschi Commissioned to build the cathedral dome in Florence (Il Duomo) Used unique architectural concepts. He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome 15. Brunelleschis Dome 16. Dome Comparisons Il Duomo St. Peters (Florence) (Rome)St. Pauls (London)US capital (Washington) 17. A New Type of Scholar Called a Humanist 18. Humanists adopted many Roman and Greek beliefs 1.) seeking fulfillment in daily life 2.) all people have dignity and worth 3.) the ideal personone who can do almost anything (the Renaissance Man) 19. Humanists learned many subjects, such as Latin, Greek history, and mathematics In the Middle Ages, religious people proved their piety by living a plain lifehumanists enjoyed life without offending God 20. Machiavelliwrote The Prince The Prince was a book about Italian government Machiavelli supported the idea of absolute power In order to keep power, a ruler must do some evil 21. Petrarch Father of Renaissance humanism Poet sonnets 22. A Belief in Human Potential 23. Emphasized human achievement on earth, rather than the afterlife Renaissance thinkers strove to master almost every art Later ages called such people Renaissance men 24. Renaissance Artists 25. Individuals became the center of attention during the Renaissance as the belief in human potential & ability began to emerge from Medieval ways of thinking 26. Ideal Manwas well educated in the Classics; should be charming, witty, & smart; can dance, write poetry, & play music; should be physically fit (called a Renaissance Man) 27. Ideal Womanstudy Classics; write, dance, paint, make music well; but should not seek fame or political power (Renaissance women were far better educated but had fewer rights than Medieval women) 28. Giovanni Giotto 29. Giotto developed a new artistic style for creating frescos (paint on wet plaster walls): Painted human figures that appeared lifelike Painted people with emotion Painted people in frescos interacting with each other 30. Giottos Lamentation over Christ 31. Donato Donatello 32. Donatello was a great sculptor of the Renaissance Medieval sculptors only carved the front of a statue, but Donatello wanted sculptures to be viewed from all sides like Greek & Roman statues This technique has become known as in-theround 33. Donatellos David became the first large, free-standing human sculpture Donatello's bronze statue of David (circa 1440s) is famous as the first unsupported standing work of bronze cast during the Renaissance, and the first freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity. It depicts David with an enigmatic smile, posed with his foot on Goliath's severed head just after defeating the giant. 34. Tommaso Masaccio 35. Masaccio added to Giottos innovative style by using perspective: Shows objects in the foreground as larger than objects in the background which gives the illusion of depth 36. Michelangelo 37. Michelangelo was a great painter & sculptor; his Pieta & David sculptures are perceived as masterpieces His work includes the 130 ft x 44 ft ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; which shows biblical images of amazing detail, power, & beauty 38. Michelangelos Pieta depicts the Virgin Mary cradling the limp body of the crucified Jesus 39. Michelangelos statue of David expresses the Renaissance belief in human dignity and greatness 40. Compare the David of Donatello and Michelangelo 41. Michelangelo painted more than 300 massive human figures onto the 5,800 squarefoot ceiling while laying on his back The ceiling contains illustrations from the creation of Adam to the story of Noah 42. www.vatican.va/various/cappelle/s istina_vr/ 43. The Creation of the Heavens 44. The Sistine Chapel DetailsCreation of Man 45. Michelangelo returned to the chapel to begin painting the altarpiece The Last Judgment This painting features Christ judging souls as the rise and fall from each side of the painting 46. Bartholomew's flayed skin 47. Raphael 48. Raphael Perfected Renaissance painting He became the favorite painter of the Pope because of his amazing detailed paintings showing Greeks & Romans along with Renaissance people School of Athens is his greatest work 49. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included in this painting all of the great personalities of the classical period A great variety of poses Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel 50. Plato and AristotleSocratesRaphael 51. Alexander the GreatMichelangelo 52. Pythagoras 53. ZoroasterPtolemyEuclid 54. Perspective!Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael 55. Leonardo da Vinci 56. A true Renaissance Man Leonardo was an inventor, painter, sculptor, & scientist 57. Leonardo, the Artist 58. From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages) 59. His Last Supper shows Jesus last meeting with the 12 apostles before the crucifixion The facial expressions, detail, and emotion had made it a masterpiece 60. The Last Supper da Vinci, & Geometry 61. verticalThe Last Supper and Perspectivehorizontal 62. A Da Vinci Code St. John or Mary Magdalene? 63. Convent of Santa Maria delle GrazieMilan, Italy 64. da Vincis Mona Lisa is great for its emotion and depth 65. Mona Lisa has no visible facial hair at all - including eyebrows and eyelashes 66. A Picasso Mona 67. On August 12, 1911, a Louvre employee stole it by entering the building during regular hours, hiding in a broom closet and walking out with it hidden under his coat after the museum had closedAfter keeping the painting in his apartment for two years, the man grew impatient and was caught when he attempted to sell it to an art dealer; it was exhibited all over Italy and returned to the Louvre in 1913 68. In 1956, the lower part of the painting was severely damaged when someone doused it with acidOn December 30 of that same year, another person damaged the painting by throwing a rock at itThe result was a speck of pigment near Mona Lisa's left elbowThe painting is now covered with bulletproof security glass 69. Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook 70. Leonardo, the Engineer: 71. Leonardo sketched several designs for flying machines including this one with a rotating screw He intended to power it with a wound-up spring 72. Leonardos many military inventions included this design for an armored tank Four soldiers sitting inside could turn cranks to move the wheels on this tank 73. da Vinci also invented a gigantic crossbow It's difficult to know whether it would have worked, or whether it would have been superior to cannons of the same period 74. Vitruvian Man 75. The length of a man's outspread arms is equal to his height The maximum width of the shoulders is a quarter of a man's height The distance from the elbow to the tip of the hand is onefifth of a man's height 76. The Renaissance spread from Italy as scholars from other areas visited Italian city-states & took the new ideas they saw back 77. Kings bought Renaissance art, helping to spread new ideas Renaissance ideas spread to the Holy Roman Empire (Germany), England, France, Belgium, Netherlands 78. Renaissance in Germany was very religiousChristian humanists criticized the church & society (will lead to Protestant Reformation) In 1516 the reformation began with Martin Luthers protests Catholic church (why we have protestant religions today) 79. Renaissance in England focused on social issuesThomas More criticized society through Utopia William Shakespeare playwright who wrote plays based on ideas from classics & universal human qualities Dante Alighieri wrote The Divine Comedy 80. The Renaissance encouraged a new spirit of adventure and discovery The Renaissance spirit played an important role in helping to launch the Age of Exploration