North South & South South Collaboration

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Commonwealth Secretariat meeting 6-7 July London Sustaining development in small states in

Commonwealth Secretariat meeting 6-7 July London Sustaining development in small states Promoting small states growth and development in the global economyExploring new sources of partnerships for small states: J L RobertsJLR

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L Roberts

Past Eras for Policy and Action on SD

1970s Raising awareness

1980s Global Treaties

1990s Legislation and national commitments

2000s Strategies, Goals, Grand projects

2010s New Era for what?

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsFrom Crisis to rescueG20 Pledges of support UN Review of IFI structures and functionsWorld Bank rescue packagesFor 2009, the bank supported 767 projects to promote economic growth, fight poverty, and assist private businessesThe Unholy Trinity (IMF, WB,WTO)(Richard Peet) still in business preserving the status quo ante

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsInto a new era? Gemeinschaft or community Gesellschaft or association (concepts in social theory (from the German sociologists Ferdinand Tonnies and Max Weber)

Taking us forward into a fresh framework for sustainable development?

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsCommunity: individuals, family, kinship, neighbourhood, village common culture and mores

Association: commercial company, professional group, state, federation- corporate objectives, division of labour, specialisation, business management

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsPartners Partnerships

AssociatesColleaguesAccomplicesPlayers in a sideCompanions in a dance or Strengthening to a hole in a ships deck for a capstan

What is the best narrative for us?

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsDominant Social Paradigm (DSP)Technical progress which promotes marginal productivity to increase for the same levels of factors of production

This approach to economic development threatens the outstanding natural assets in Small and island states when it values such natural wealth at zero.

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsNew Environmental Paradigm (NEP)

Seeks to redress the environmental impact of development by

Prevention and mitigation measuresValuing natural resources explicitly in the system of social welfare accounts..

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L Roberts

People of small States

Low ecological footprint

High on the Happy Planet Index Smallness means close to government Remoteness a protective shield But without awareness and drive, highly vulnerable to ecosystem collapse.

The lost Dodo: a metaphor for the perils of inaction.

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsMan aspires to the stars. But if he can only get his sewage and refuse distributed and utilized in an orderly fashion, he will be doing well. Roy Bridger On Progress in The Times

A heap of trash that's twice the size of Texas, 80% plastic, and weighs 3.5 million tons. Trapped in a circular course by winds and currents

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsCentres of Excellence

Islands and Small States Institute at the Foundation for International Studies, the Malta University Centre Gozo, Malta.

Education & training Consultation and expert networks Information Analysis Publications R & D

Professor Briguglio leading an international meeting

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsEuropean Commissions new form of enhanced General budget support called "MDG Contract

First version -225 million to the Government of Zambia for a 6 year period (2009-2014): to Support poverty-focused public programmes Accelerate progress towards MDGs. Focus health and education

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsClinical EconomicsThe Jeffrey Sachs Ruhiira Partnership

Millennium Villages projects

Challenge to pessimists and sceptics. Guardian Trial villages in sub-Saharan Africa Objective: Achieve MDGs by 2015 on US$110 per person per year (30 cents per day) over five-years

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsIncome levels rising: malnutrition falling Gender improvementsSchool enrolment up:Malaria incidence halved: Maternal mortality reducedBetter communications and inter-village trade Sachs Millennium Village Project three year results

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsThe development narrative sound bite Spat!

Think globally act locally: UN policy (Att. Rene Dubos)Think globally act nationally: International aid through macro-economic budget support programmesAct locally think globally: Jeffrey Sachs clinical economics in the millennium village project

Sachs on development with people in villages

Clinical economicsDevelopment economics needs an overhaul to be more like modern medicine, a profession of rigor, insight and practicality.

The end of poverty must start in the villages

The poor are ready to act..individually and collectively through networks of mutual accountability and networks of financing

Community with AssociationsExploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L Roberts

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsSouth-South Clusters

Michael Porter and Paul Krugman cluster model Singapore science park with World Bank, AfDB, IES Business clusters Sectoral clusters Knowledge clusters Supply services clusters

UN CSD thematic cluster linkages in SD

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsVariable geometry for technical support

North-southSouth-southSouth-north

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsCARICOM: partnership through AssociationsOver 50 major development Associations Climate changeDisastersCoastal and marineLand useTransportScience and technologyJusticeR&DManagement and finance

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsProfessional modelEvidence base, theory and guidelines of best practiceSyllabus for basic and continuing education Professional body for training, exams & disciplineMonitoring and evaluationR&DThe top professional surgeon scrubbed in the operating theatre: the inverted hierarchy of evidence-based science.

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsAreas for new professional partnershipsClimate changeDisaster managementFreshwaterLand useTourismBiodiversityTechnology transferEconomics for development & green accounting

Exploring new sources of partnerships for small states J L RobertsCommunity: senior partner in developmentIFI south oriented architectureCompanions in a dance not accomplices From DSP to NEPSmall is beautiful and ecologically light footedCentres of excellence for evidence based SDGetting the sewage and refuse sortedNew professions for SD to get on with the jobVariable geometry for SD with the South-north links

So much of mans history has been about the achievement of technical progress in which marginal productivity continues to increase for the same levels of factors of production, that for centuries man has assumed this approach to development is incontestable.

People in small states and SIDS have for centuries enjoyed outstanding natural assets which are now increasingly threatened by an approach to economic development that values such natural wealth at zero.

the traditional vision as part of the former Dominant Social Paradigm (DSP) has been challenged by the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP). The latter acknowledges the environmental impact of development and seeks to redress it by preventive and mitigating measures, which value natural resources and include them explicitly in the system of social welfare accounts.Many natural resources are not renewable, and they decline in the face of economic development; others are lost, or threatened with extinction or degraded by past and existing processes of production of goods and services. Two factors are at work here. Increasing levels of consumption and production per capita and increasing global population. It is now more commonly recognized that the limited natural resources of this one planet earth do not have the carrying capacity to absorb the combined impact of both these factors.

*In 1900 this planet offered 8 hectares of land per person on which to thrive; by 1950 the population had increased to the point where the planet had only 5 hectares of land per person. By 2005 the ratio was 2 hectares of land per person. The present world population is about 7 billion; and is expected to increase to over 9 billion by 2050, shrinking available space to 1.5 hectares per person. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2001 found that 60% of ecosystem services have been degraded and are unsustainable in the face of a growing demand for food, freshwater, timber, fibre and fuel. This degradation, principally from over- use, is exacerbated by pollution and by the process of climate change intimately linked to current patterns of production and consumption. Since 1900 the global economic development gains have been immense in terms of income, trade, increased expectation of life and improved standards of living. These gains have however been unevenly distributed with the lions share going to the