Intellectual Transformations

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  • 1. Intellectual Transformations

2. Intellectual Transformations Christendom Middle Ages (Dark Ages)Depopulation Social Change Lack of emphasis on culturalachievements 3. Renaissance The best of times/ the worst of times as if on a given signal, splendidtalents are stirring. 1517 This is the worst age of history. 1536 Erasmus Humanist Scholar 4. Renaissance (1300 1600) Rebirth Italy Revival of interest in ancient arts Rome Greece 5. Renaissance Art Leonardo Da Vinci 6. Renaissance Art Michelangelo 7. Renaissance Art Raphael 8. Renaissance Art Donatello 9. Renaissance Literature Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet Hamlet King Lear Othello 10. Renaissance Literature Cervantes Don Quixote 11. Renaissance Literature Machiavelli The Prince 12. Renaissance (1300 1600) Humanism Secularism Impact of printing Johannes Gutenburg Gutenburg and his press 13. Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Indulgences Ninety - five Thesis Wittenburg 1517 Salvation by Faith Alone Priesthood of all believers. Edict of Worms Peace of Augsburg 14. Protestant Reformation John Calvin Predestination Hard work Catholic Reformation Counter Reformation 15. Reform in England Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn YouTube Anglican Church Act of Supremacy, 1534 Edward VI Bloody Mary Elizabeth I 16. Reformation in France Huguenots Henry of Navarre Edict of Nantes Thirty Years War 1618 1648 Treaty of Westphalia Henry of Navarre 17. Results of the Reformation Increased literacy Rise of capitalism Religious division End of Catholic churchs monolithicpower Warfare Religious intolerance State centralization and secularization 18. Rise of Modern States Decline of Church Secular character of society Rise of nationalism Absolutism Propaganda Divine Right of Kings Theory 19. France: The Model ofAbsolutism Divine Right Marie de Medici Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIV Versailles Cardinal Mazarin The Fronde 20. England: ConstitutionalMonarchy Magna Carta The Tudors Parliament The Stuarts James I Charles I Civil War Oliver Cromwell The Restoration Charles II James II Glorious Revolution William and Mary of Orange 21. The Scientific Revolution Ptolemy Geocentric Theory Copernicus On the Revolutions of the HeavenlySpheres Heliocentric Theory Johaness Kepler On the Motion of Mars Galileo Sir Isaac Newton 22. The Enlightenment Philosophes Voltaire Candide John Locke Second Treatise on Civil Government Baron de Montesquieu Diderot Adam Smith Wealth of Nations Laissez faire