History civil rights compared to anti-apartheid movement (1)

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Text of History civil rights compared to anti-apartheid movement (1)

1. Georgia toSouth Africa By Tiye Boyd 2. What was the Apartheid in South Africa?O Racial Segregation between the 4 main racial groups O White (Afrikaans), Native (Blacks) , Colored, and Indian O Colored-Mixed European and African O Native-BlacksO Identity Cards given to 18 and older O Prevent migration & Control the Population 3. Goals of the ApartheidO Placement of People by race O Coloreds were affected by this because it broke families apartO In 1951 the government allowed whites to destroy blacks slums O For Blacks who were permitted to live there OR O Reserved for Whites 4. Goals of the Apartheid continuedO Prohibited interracial marriageO Interracial sex was a criminal offenseO Municipal Grounds were reserved for a Race 5. Goals of the Apartheid continuedO Education was segregated O 1953 Bantu Education Act O Aimed blacks to be laboring class O Worse Education than the AfrikaansO Proposed African self government Never went through 6. Goals of the Apartheid continuedO Black Homeland Citizenship Act of 1970 O Black were no longer citizens O Only of the 20 autonomous territories O Lebowa, QwaQwa, Bophuthatswana, KwaZul a, KaNgwane, Transkei, Ciskei, GazanKula, V end, and KwaNolebete 7. Goals of the Apartheid continuedO Black women had few to no rights O Worked as agricultural or domestic O Jobs hard to find O Low wagesO Children suffered from disease from malnutrition & sanitary problemsO Sports O First divided by race O Soccer leagues 8. CensorshipTo end the extra-parliamentarymovement, African National Congress(AFC), and to erase public memory.O TV was introduced in 1976 O English programming was a so-called threat to their African language 9. Anyone try end the Apartheid? O Nelson Mandela 10. Nelson Mandelas tacticsO Joined the African National Congress in 1944 O Resistance of the Apartheid O Outlawed in 1960 O He co-founded The Umkhonto We Sizwe in 1961 (means Spear of the Nation) O Wanted to solve political issues O In 1961, guerrilla attacks were initiated, but he was put on trial. ANC eventually became the main mass resistance again. 11. ArrestO Mandela was on the run for 17 monthsO on august 5, 1962 he was arrested in the Johannesburg Fort. O The CIA helped locate himO On October 25, 1962 he was sentenced to 5 years in prison O Members of the ANC were arrested during his imprisonment 12. The Rivoni TrialO The government proposed that the Umkhonto We Sizwe had too many violent tactics and plotted to overthrow the government.O June 12, 1964, 8 members & Mandela were convicted to life in prison. 13. ChargesO Recruitment of training of those who were going to create acts of sabotage O Mandela organized sabotage campaigns against military & the governmentO Aid of foreign military unites when they invaded the republicO Further objects of CommunismO Receiving and Soliciting money in other African nations 14. Statement at Docks Summary He was a prisoner for leaving the country without the permit and telling people to go on strike. The statement that the country is notunder the influence of foreigners or communists is incorrect. He did what he did because of his experience as an African, not when an outsider did. Stories he listened to when he was a boy inhis tribe, and heard all of the powerful names of his people who protected the entire Africannation. He wanted to make his own contribution of their freedom struggle. He did plan to sabotage as a result of a calm and sober assessment of his people by the whites 15. Statement at Docks SummaryHe thought the cruelty and violence towards his people was inevitable. He said that it would eventually lead to terrorism andbitterness throughout all races of the nation. There had to be violence so the African can succeed. He tried at first to avoid violence, but he had to fight violence with violence when the whites used that tactic against them. They were not engaging interrorism. He believes that Africa belongs to all groups and not a specific race. 16. Life in PrisonO Endure hard labor for the first 5 yearsO Blacks and political prisoners received the fewest rations of food O Political Prisoners- someone who s imprisoned due to opposing or criticizing the government.O Became a national symbol as an anti- apartheid movement 17. Release from Prison 27 years laterO Released on February 11, 1990 in Cape Town O Apartheid laws were not so strict anymoreO He celebrated in front of a crowd of thousandsO He was quickly elected president of the ANCO Our march to freedom is irreversible 18. Aftermath for South Africa/MandelaO Chris Hani (a leader of the ANC) was assassinated in 1993 O Riots in the streets broke out O Mandela told them that South Africans need to stand together as nation right now so we bring him to justice. 19. Aftermath for South Africa/MandelaO Nelson Mandela served a one term presidency from 1994 to 1999 (75-80 age) O 1st person who was not black to be head of state O 1st multi-racial election O Election ended the Apartheid O Won 62% of the voteO Retired before a second term because of his old age 20. Mandelas ReformsO Free health care (to those who needed it)O Increase of spending on educationO The Land Restitution Act made blacks get their land lost from them the Natives Land Act back.O Easier availability for O water, medicines, free meals for students, construction of 750,000 houses, social assistance, and a number of others 21. Was the Apartheid like The Civil Rights Movement? 22. The Albany MovementO 1961- 1962O Martin Luther King J.R. and more than a thousand blacks were jailed 23. GoalsO To desegregate Albany, GeorgiaO To set up voter registration boothsO To gain control of the local governmentO Improvement of black neighborhoods 24. How it BeganO Charles Sherrod, Cordell Reagon, and Charles Jones arrived to set up a voter register drive O Part of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) O SNCC challenged segregation policiesO Meetings and protests O 500 jailed 25. In TroubleO Decided to call Martin Luther king Jr. O To keep the protesters desire O To create an even bigger crowdO Spoke at a meeting and marched to City Hall O Next day he was jailed 26. ReleaseO Accepted bail O Whites in power refused to agree to the movements goalsO Returned to Albany the next summer for the convictions O Chose jail instead the payment of the fines O White lawyer paid their fines O Along with Ralph Abernathy ( a civil rights leader) 27. Kings StayO King brought his SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) to help the movementO The chief of Police (Laurie Pritchett) knew of Kings non-violent acts O Decided to retaliate the same way O Instead jailed more and more marchers O No more room for them in Albany or other counties O City refused to jail King 28. Aftermath for KingO King said it was a lost victory O Helped motivate and learn from his mistakes to prepare for the Birmingham that eventually became a success 29. Aftermath for AlbanyO Businessman Thomas Chatman got enough votes for a city commission O Forced a run off election O Next spring, racism was removed form books 30. Aftermath for GeorgiaO In Southwest Georgia, cities and towns challenged the white powerO Segregation laws were overturned O Ex: courts made buses available for everyoneO In the 60s and 70s